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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A musical punctuation mark. IT allows music to tell a story.
Open cadence
Musical comma. Dominant chord.
Close cadence
A period or an exclamation point. Tonic chord.
Deceptive cadence
A colon or a semicolon and it takes you where you're not expecting to go.
built on the first note of the scale. it gives you a sense of rest.
built on the fifth note of the scale. it makes you want to hear the tonic.
section at the end that lets you know its over
jerking around
stylized dance
dance music you don't really dance to
published piece of music that is numbered according to when it was published
to gradually increase the volume
Where the main characters are introduced. Usually repeated.
where the story develops. Something happens. rules: composers can do anything their little hearts desire. great instability, lots of action.
you learn the end of thes tory. recap begins when the first theme begins again.
modulating bridge
A short piece of music that connects the themes of the exposition in a sonata-allegro symphony.
"Spirit of the Time"
Heiligenstadt Testament
Beethoven's suicide note
Italian castratti
A man who was castrated to keep his high voice (they discovered this didn't always work.)
Opera buffa
A comic opera
There was more talk between people, development of the bigger city (the industrial revolution), and the middle class replaces the church and the aristocracy in funding the city
What social changes were brought about during the Enlightenment, 1750-1800?
Baroque era is very elaborate, whereas classical era is relaxed. Baroque has three forms-passacaglia, ritornello, fugue, classical has 4-theme and variations, rondo, minuet and trio, and sonata allegro.
What are the differences between Baroque Era and Classical Era music?
Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven
Who are the three most important composers of the classical era?
A concerto is a soloist accompanied by an orchestra, a sonata is a soloist accompanied by a piano.
What is the difference between a concerto and a sonata?
Begins with a theme that is varied throughout the piece, it isn't dramatic or emotional.
What are the characteristics of theme and variations?
Usually the 3rd out of 4 movements in a symphony. In triple time, a stylized dance, 3 sections.

Minuet, Trio, da capo.

Trio is a contrasting theme,. the da capa is italian for the cap. repeat the minuet sort of.
Describe the minuet and trio.
A main theme is introduced at the beginning and keeps returning after several departure. ABACADA. The return of the main theme gives great satisfaction.
Describe a rondo
1. Theme and variations
2. Minuet and trio
3. Sonata-Allegro
Know these forms:
1. A A1 A2 A3 A4
2. A(//:a://:ba://)
Exposition, development, recapitulation
What are the three parts of sonata-allegro form?
What is the most popular type of music during the classical era?
1. Usually fast, sonata form and it is the most intellectually challenging.
2. Usually slow, any form.
3. Usually a minuet and trio.
4. Usually fast and upbeat. Usually sonata and rondo form. Uplifting and inspiring.
What are the characteristics of each movement of a symphony?
Mozart: A good childhood, worshipped his father. Music was absolute.

Beethoven: Horrid childhood. Music has a meaning.
Compare and contrast Mozart and Beethoven.
The term -?- refers to an eighteenth century return to the supposed classic ideals of the ancients.
True or false- The French Academy, established in the seventeenth century as a guardian of French intellectual life, served the purpose of controlling art and education as well as setting "official" standards of taste and style.
Jacques-Louis David
Who painted the OATH OF THE HORATTI showing a Roman father pledging his three sons to fight against the enemies of Rome.
Jacques-Louis David
Who was the leader of the neoclasic movement in the revolutionary france?
Jacques-Louis David
Who emphasized the ideal of dedication to freedom and the glory of the sacrifice necessary to attain it?
(1727-1788), british gentleman of the 18th century, included the natural environment in his portraits. Painted Mr. and Mrs. Andrews.
Describe Thomas Gainsborough
(1775-1851), a great landscape painter
Describe J.M.W. Turner
(1776-1837), another great english landscape painter
John Constable