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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
gospel
good news
apologist
christian writers who wrote about moral code of Christianity
basilica
originally large hall used in Roman times, later applied to specific type of early christian church
catacombs
underground cemetery
Edict of Milan
Christians are a-okay!
Paul the apostle
big preacher to gentiles, jerusalem council
Justin Martyr
important apologiest, asked for toleration and understanding
antiphonal singing
parts of congregation, alternating verses
Constantine
good Christian guy
fish, shepherd
Christ
Mark
lion, resurrection
human form
Matthew
Luke
ox
John
eagle
sarcophagi
burial boxes
major architecture
CATACOMBS
beatitudes
moral code
synoptic gospels
matthew mark luke
Matthew preached to...
JEWS
St. Augustine
bishop of Hippos, writes first autobiography, concerned with reconciliation with Christianity, conversion story
role of the will
will and agency
views on evil
bad, fiction is worthless, desire is evil, notact
garden conversion
sits in garden, thinks of life, here's kids voice, opens scripture, life changes
Monica
Augustine's mother
views on women
doesn't like his lover, likes his mom--doesn't hurt or help, conflicted
pendentive
round object on square base
drum
dome
cathedra
bishop's chari
encaustic
painting technique using molten wax colored by pigments
liturgy
official public worship of Christian church
icon
"image", panel paintings used in church as representations of divine realities
Ravenna
lots of monuments
light
is good
mosaic
floor or wall decoration consisting of small pieces of stone, ceramic, shell or glass et into plaster or cement
tesserae
small tiles used to make mosaics
BYZANTINE ART
Frontal, Flat, Flying, Formal
Boethius and his teachings
wrote consolation of philosophy, not explicit Christian doctrine, but pretty much
renascence
new birth
trivium
grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic
quadrivium
arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy
monasticism
be a monk
neumatic
notation, not exact notes, just shapes going up and down
melismatic
runs
syllabic
note matched to note
tropes
words are verbal elaborations
illuminated manuscript
monks got tired of writing, drew pictures instead
scriptorium
room used by monks for copying and studying
Four Christian Virtues
Chastity, Poverty, Obedience, Stability
tympanum
representation of Christ above doorway
trumeau
supporting pillar for a church portal
jamb
upright piece of a window or a door fram
Romanesque characteristics
thick heavy walls, little light, little ornamentation, pretty straightforward, more functional than pretty
church militant
remain united despite death
crusades
win back Jerusalem, how you show your Christian Pieta, kill muslims
alcuin
responsible for trivium and, quadrivium, his ideas become university system
memento mori
reminder of death, Christian obsession
chansons de gestes
song of deeds
arete of Christian warrior
defend it well, participate in crusades, visit holy sites, give to monasteries, be monk for awhile
Abbot Suger
beauty over function
Thomas Aquinas
Italian philosopher, Summa Theologica
Flying Buttress
vault outside of buildings
solmization
notes to diatonic scales
polyphony
harmony against music
motet
words added to fragments of text
3 Traitors
Judas, Cassius, Brutus