Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/57

Click to flip

57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bronze Age civilizations of the Aegean Sea
Greek Civilization
Seafaring culture who lived with a sense of security (absence of walls around palace)
Minoan Civilization
Where was the minoan civilization located
Centered on the Palace of Minos, at Knossos on the island of Crete
Which civilization was seafaring?
minoan's
the most famous frescoes in the palace at knossos
bull leaping fresco
Half man, half bull born of the union of Minos’ queen and a sacred white bull
Minotaur
may represent fertility goddess or cult like goddess
Snake goddess
The Athenian hero Theseus makes his way through the Minotaur’s maze to kill the monster, thus freeing Athens from its bondage to the Minoans.
legend of minotaur
Characteristics of the Mycenaean Civilization
Militant and aggressive unlike Minoans
constructed massive citadels that later generations thought were constructed by the Cyclops.
Mycenaeans
Around 1200 BCE, the Mycenaeans attacked-----------, a strong hold in the NW corner of Asia Minor
troy
The 10 year war between the mycenaeans and troy would provide the historical context for which 2 great epic poems
Iliad and Odyssey
Mycenaean civilization was destroyed by the
Dorians
What blind poet wrote Iliad and Odyssey
Homer
Aphrodite
love and beauty
Apollo
sunlight, music
Dionysus
wine, vegetation
Zeus
king of gods, sky
Hera
queen of gods
Heracles
strength, courage
nike
victory
Demeter
Agriculture, vegetation
Persephone
Underworld
After the Flood Ducalion and his wife repopulate the earth by throwing rocks over their shoulders
Deucalion myth
-Explanation of worldly seasons

-When things do not grow, Demeter sadly misses her daughter
Demeter/Persephone myth
Geographic conditions encouraged the growth of the
Greek city states
Greek city states were
self governing provinces
Cause of the persian war
Initiated when Persia annexed the cities of Ionia
ionians battle with persians
battle of marathon
•Armed dispute b/w rival city-states led by Athens and Sparta.
Peloponnesian Wars
Which war was between the athenian empire and sparta
Peloponnesian Wars
•Half century from 480 and 430 often called the most creative period in world history.
Golden age
Dramatic actions during the golden age assumed 2 principle forms
comedy and tragedy
The greatest tragedy ever written’
Oedipus the King
Tragedy occurs through actions that arouse sentiments of ----------in the audience
pity and fear
the object of study rather than worship
nature
Argued for natural explanations of the unknown
greek philosopy
Sought unifying substance of reality
Naturalist Philosophers
Father of Philosophy
Thales
Atomic Theory
Leucuppus
Change is the only constant
Heraclitus
Reality based in numerical order
Pythagoras
Shift the focus of philosophy from the study of the universe to the study of man
Sophists
Opposed the skeptical views of sophistry
socrates
Opposed the skeptical views of sophistry.
Socrates
socrates principle of inquiry
know thy self
How was socrates executed?
Trial by death
What were socrates circumstances of death
subversive behavior, impiety, atheism,
Socrates’ student; born in Athens during P. war
Plato
Founded the first school of philosophy, The Academy
Plato
proposes that all sensory objects are limitations of the forms (eternal truths), which, like the simplest mathematical equations are imperishable and forever true.
Theory of forms
illustrates some key theories in the teachings of plato such as idealism
allegor of the cave
Student of Plato
aristotel
Rejected Plato’s theory of Forms.
aristotle
Aristotle hypothesizes that happiness or -------- is teh only human value that might be considered a final goal
the good life
a method of inquiry dependent on direct experience or observation
empirical method
the middle ground between any two extremes of behavior
the gold mean