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25 Cards in this Set

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The Hellenistic Age
-Begins with the death of Alexander the great
-Hellenistic culture heavily influenced by Greek Culture
Motifs from Hellenistic age
-Gave Hellenistic world commercial language
-New religious cults promised Immortality
Alexanders Political Dream
-world united into single empire under a single ruler, dominated by Greek/Persian peoples
-ruler is divine
Hellenistic Women
-Conduct own economic & legal affairs, work in liberal arts &make charitable bequests, erect impressive gravestones
Hellenistic History
-The disintegration of Alexander's empire
-the rise of successor states
-the arrival of Rome
Successor States' Generals
-Politically at war; Culturally divided
-Koine: Language
-Cleopatra: Egypt 's last ruler prior to Rome
Successor States
-Alexandria: largest city in Hellenistic world with a Greco-Oriental Society
-Pergamum: most important city in Attalid Kingdom
Alexandria Egypt
-Founded by Alexander the Great
-Ruled by the Ptolemy's
Heron (hero) of Alexandria
- 75 C.E.
-Mathematician, engineering, mechanics, and optics
-Aeolipile: first steam engine
Nike of Samothrace
-Represents constant threat of War
Hellenic Classicism & Hellenistic Classicism
-Hellenistic Classicism: eroticism & everyday themes
-Shared Theme: all art forms must serve a moral purpose
Drama & Literature
-New comedy: Comic romances, gentle satirical scenes from middle class life
-Mender:originator of New Comedy
Comedy of Manners: way people act in society
Non-Dramatic Literature
-Alexanderianism: Literary style in Alexandria, Arid Scholarship
-Theocritus
-Pastoral poems: describe lives of Shepard's in artificial ways
-Idylls: small portraits of Hellenistic life
Philosophy & Religion
-Internationalism:unification of all people
-Individualism: excluded most
-Preached salvation: Magic to escape fate
Philosophical Schools
-Cynicism: Diogenes
-Goal: personal freedom
Denounced all-religions, governments, physical comforts, & personal pleasure
Autarky: self sufficiency
Skepticism
-Pyrrho: nothing could be known for certain
-Avoid frustration; achieve Autarky
Epicurenism
-Epicurus: withdraw from the world, cultivate simple pleasures, avoid fame, power and wealth
-Favored by women: promoted friendship; making sexes equal
-Autarky
-Ataxia: (mental state) being above the world
Stoicism
-order of thing cannot be changed; wisdom lies in doing one's duty: dedication
-Autarky
Fate & Mystery Cults
Created by Ptolemy: Serepis
Cybele: demanded self-mutilation
Cults promised Immortality
Architecture
-Olympian-first to use Corinthian columns
-Alter: existed before temples, simple slab became larger and more wide during Hellenistic period
Sculpture
-Hellenistic artistic style
-Genre Sculpture: everyday scene OLD MARKET WOMAN (realistic-ism)
-THE DIEING GUAL
-characteristics: trumpet, sword, realistic details
Aphrodite of Melos
-Appreciation of female body
-aka Venus de Milo
-Exaggerated Praxiteles Curve
Neoclassicism
-Borghese Gladiator: reflects growing influence of neoclassicism
Late Hellenistic Style
-Marble 9 5.5" tall
-Laocoon and his sons: work is a product of more than one sculpter
-"Beware of Greeks Bearing Gifts"
The Silk Road
-Han Dynasty
-Goods and spices traveled across Asia, Yellow River, to Mediterranean
-extended 4,000 miles