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44 Cards in this Set

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miniatures
a short piece of music; 1-4 minutes average; it expresses a single wiff of emotion.
German Lied
A song (ex. schubert's erlkonig) most popular type of lied was a ballad (tells a story) four best composers:
franz schubert
robert schumann
johannes brahms
gustav mahler
ballad
tells a story
program music
no predetermined form, tells a story or paints a picture. you need a program to understand what's happening
concert overture
a single movement that is in sonata form
(tchaikovsky, romeo and juliet
tone poem
(symphonic poems) a single movement with no predetermined form
program symphony
several movements that tell a single story
(berlioz, symphonie fantastique)
fixed idea (idee fixe)
A unifying element in a piece of music
Klangfarben melody
Different parts of the melody are played by different parts of the melody
dies irae
(1225) a gregorian chant that is used for the dead
lyric opera
light and entertaining with soem drama, includes some speaking
bel canto opera
most popular italian opera of the late 1700s, early 1800s.
coloratura
musical acrobatics
Sturm und Drang
Storm and Stress, a german artistic movement of the late 1700s early 1800s mostly associated with literature. Believed in free expression, a big influence of opera
music drama
Art of the Future

Wagner created a type of music that combined music, literature, drama, philosophy, and the visuals.
leitmotif
Wagner created it. It's a musical theme that represents something
art of the future
see music drama
exoticism
when a composer of one nationality creates music of another nationality
Brahms, Johannes, He was German, writes hungarian music
What are the main characteristics of Romanticism?
The term used to describe the style of art and literature of a large part of the ninetheenth century. It was a revolt against convention and authority in personal, religious, civil, and artistic matters. Search for individual freedom, Realism and nationalism
Why was music considered the ultimate artform during the romantic era?
Music expressed emotion
What 4 composers were considered master of the german lied?
Brahms, Mahler, Schumann, and Schubert
What two romantic composers are best known for their compositions for piano?
Liszt, Chopin
What were the characteristics of italian opera during the romantic era?
people wanting sex, and then dying.
Who was considered the leading author of the sturm und drang movement?
Johann von Goethe
What are the characteristics of german opera?
moneyless, supernatural, fairy tales, Richard Wagner.
What innovations did Richard Wagner introduce?
He created Art of the future!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
What historical forces led to the desire to express nationalism in music in the mid 1800s?
Overthrowing of government, for a month.
Who was the first composer to incorporate nationalism into his music?
Chopin
Who was considered the father of russian music?
Mikail Glinka
Who was the Russian 5 and what was their main goal?
Mily Balakirev, Alexander Borodin, Caesar Cui, Modest, Mussorgsky, Nicolas Rimsky-Korsokov

Promoted russian nationalism.
Erlkonig
Schubert
Symphonie Fantastique
Berlioz
Death and Transfiguration
Strauss
Totentanz
Liszt
Russian Easter Overture
Rimsky-Korsakov
"Nuage" from Three Nocturnes
Debussy ex. of impressionism
Carmen
Georgez Bizet
The Barber of Seville
Rossini
Nabucco
Verdi
Aida
Guiseppe
Tosca
Puccini
Otello
Verdi
Tristan and Isolde
Richard Wagner
Tannhauser
Richard Wagner