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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Humanistic Therapies - share 5 characteristics
1- phenomenological approach that assues that, to understand a person, one must understand his or her subjetive experience - Phenomenal Field
2- focus on current behaviors
3- individuals inherent potential for self-dertermination and self-actualization.
4 - therpay as involving an authentic, ollaborative, and egalitarian relationship between therapist and client
5 - a rejection of traditional assessment techniques and diagnostic lables.
Person-Centered Therapy - Carl Rogers
All people have an innate "self-actualizating tendency" that serves as their major source of motivation and that guides them toward positive, healthy growth.
Personality Theory - Person centered therapy
self or the "organized, consistent conceptual gestalt composed of perceptions of the characteristics of the I or M and the perceptions of the relationsip of the I or ME to others and to various aspects of life. To grow toward self-actualization, the self must remain unified, organized, and whole.
View of Maladpative Behavior - Client-Centered
Self becomes disorganized as a result of incongruence between self and experience - occurs when person experiences conditions of worth. - ex. child finds out positve regard from parents is conditional
Unpleasent Visceral sensations
is exprienced when inconcruence is expereinced between self and experience.
Attempts to alleviate anxeity - example of umpleaseant visceral senstation - Client Centered
defensive maneuvers of perceptual distoration or denial. counter to self-actualization
Therapy Goals - Client Centered
help the client achieve congruence between self and experience so that he or she can become a more fully-functioning, self-actualizing person
Therapy Tech. - Client-Centered
If the right environment is provided by the therapist, the client will achive conguence between self and experience and will be carried by his or her own inherent tendency toward self-actualizaiotn.
Three Facilitative Conditions - Client
1 - Unconditional Postive Regard (respect) - care about client, affirm the client's worth as a persona , and accept the client whtout evalution - accept person - NO positive or negative Judgement
2- Genuinenesss (congruence) - must be genuine and authentic in therapy - must honest communicate to client when appropiate
3- Accurate Empathic Understanding - therapist ability to see the world as the client does and to convey that undersanding to the client.
Gestalt Therapy
founded by Fritz Perls - based on premise that each person is capable of assuming personal responsibilty for his own thoughts, feelings, and actions and living as an integrated "whole."
Concepts of Gestalt Therapy
1- people tend to seek closure
2- a persons "gestalts" (perception of parts as wholes) reflect his current needs
3 - persons behavior represnets a whole that is greated than the sum of its parts
4 behavior can be fully understood only in its context
5 a person experiences the world in accord with the primciple of figure/ground
Personality Theory - Gestalt Therapy
personality consist of the self and the self-image.
Self vs Self-Image _ Gestalt
self - is the creative aspect of the personalityt that promotes the individual's inherent tendency for self-actualization.
SElf-Image - the darker side of the personality, hinders growth and self-actualizaiton by imposing external standards.
View of Maladaptive Behavior - Gestalt
Neurotic behavior is considered a "growth disorder" that involves an abandonment of the self for the self-image and a resulting lack of intergration.
4 Boundary Distrubances - Gestalt
1 - Introjection - Person swallows whole concepts ex. person accepts concepts, facts,and standards from the environment without actualy understanding or fully assimililating them. overly compliant in therapy
2 - projection - disowning aspects of eh self by assinging them to others. can result in paranoia
3- Retroflection - doing to oneself what one wants to do to others - turn towards others inward
4 - Confluence - absence of boundary between the self and the environment. causes intolerance of any differences between oneself and others and often undderlies feelings of guilt and resentment.
Therapy Goals - Gestalt
help client achieve integration of teh various aspects of the self in order to become a unified whole.
Therapy Tech. - Gestalt
avoid diagnotic labels and view historical events important only when they directly impinge upon the client's current functioning
Transference - Gestalt
counterproductive and respond to it by helping the client recognize the difference between his "transference fantasy"and reality.
Awareness - Gestalt
primary curative factor in therapy - full understanding of one's thoughts, feelings, and actions in the here-and now.
Logotherapy - Existential Therapies - Gestalt
share emphasis on the hman conditions of depresonalization, loneliness, and isolation and the assumptoin that people are not static but instant are in a constant state of "becoming"
View of Maladaptive Behavior - Gestalt
maladaptive behavior is a natural part of the human condition. Anxiety for example is considered a normal response to the constant threat of nonbeing (death)
Therapy Goals and Tech. Gestalt
help clients overcome their troublesome feelings (feelings of meaninglessness) so thaey can live in more committed, self-aware, authentic, and meaningful ways. Client-therapist relationship most important tool.
Reality Therapy
Galsser is founder. influcenced by control theory which proposes that "human behavior is purposful and originates from within the indiviudal rather from extermal forces. People can take control of their lives.
Personality Theory - Reality Therapy
people have several basic innate needs and four psychological needs (belonging, power, freedom, and fun), and one physical (survival).
Success Identity - REality therapy
when person gets needs met without infringing on others rights
Maladpative Behavior- Failure Identity -REality therapy
when a person gratiies his needs in irresponsible ways, the person has assumed a failure identity
Therapy Goals and Tech. - REality Therapy
help clients identify responsiblity and effective ways to satisfy their needs and thereby to develop a success identity.
Rejects medical model
Focus on current behaviors and beliefs
TRansfence as dentrimental
Stresess conscious processes
Emphasizes value judgements especially the client's ability to judge what is right and wrong
TEaches clients specific behaviors that will enable them to fulfill their needs