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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Social Exchange theory
Based on
Rewards: desirable outcome in an interaction
Costs: punishing outcomes
Outcomes: the net profit or loss from an interaction
Outcome= Rewards - Costs
* we want the best possible outcome
What is a CL?
CL is Comparison level the value of outcomes that we feel we deserve.

Outcomes - CL= Satisfaction/Disatisfaction
What is CL Alt.?
"How could I do better somewhere else?"

the lowest level of outcome we'll tolerate from our current partner
A Happy, Stable Relationship
As long as outcomes are higher than CL and CL alt. a person is in a happy stable relationship.
When CL alt. is greater than CL, the person is more satisfied than depend.
When CL is greater than CL alt. the person is more dependent than satisfied.
Describe an unhappy, but stable relationship.
When a person's outcomes are lower than their CL, the couple is dissatisfied, but fares better than if they moved to a different relationship.
Describe a haapy, but unstable relationship.
If CL alt. is highter than outcomes and CL are lower than their outcomes means that the people are satisfied with their partner, but also has favorable alternatives. They are not likely to stay where they are.
Describe an unhapppy, unstable relationship.
Outcomes are lower than both CL and CL alt.
Calculations made using CL and CL alt.
Alone vs. with someone
Investment in current relationship
Access to information
How happy you are in your relationship
Changes in the way we think about relationships
Women are more choosy about who they date due to raise in income.
Barriers against divorce have dropped.
Individuals move more and further than in the past.
"Permanent availablility" we continue to size up fututre mates while we're married.
What do too many costs lead to in relationships? Why?
Too many costs lead to more severe problems, including outright hostility.

We need to maintain a rewards to costs ration of 5:1
Rewards/Costs in older relationships
Costs typically rise as the relationship gets older.
Momentary lapses in satisfaction occur.
Rewards do not increase over time, costs do.
Existing problems become more costly with marriage.
It takes more work to maintain same level of "charming."
Exchange vs. Communal Relationships
Exchange is governed by rewards/costs, focuses on the individual

Communal is governed by mutual responsiveness to other's needs, focuses on the couple.
Overbenefit vs. Underbenefit
Overbenefit: your partner gives more than you

Underbenefit: you're getting less than you're giving
Ways to restore equity
Actual equity: change your contributions or outcomes

Psychological equity: changing your perceptions about the relationship

Abandon the relationship: seek fairness elsewhere