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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Gender
The behavioral, cultrual, or psychological traits typically associated with one sex.
Erotic
Arousing sexual feelings or desires.
Gender Identity
One's personal experience of being male or female.
Gender Roles
Complex clusters of ways in which males and females are expected to behave within a given culture.
Foreplay
Mutual sexual stimulation that precedes sexual intercourse.
Coitus (co-it-us or co-EET-us)
Sexual intercourse.
Human Sexuality
The ways in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings.
Values
The qualities in life that are deemed important or unimportant, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.
Phallic Worship
Worship of the penis as a symbol of generative power.
Phallic Symbols
Images of the penis.
Incest Taboo
The prohibition against intercourse and reproduction among close blood relatives.
Polygamy
The practice of having two or more spouses at the same time.
Monogamy
The practice of having one spouse.
Bisexual
Sexually responsive to either gender.
Pederasty
Sexual love of boys.
Courtesan
A prostitute-especially the mistress of a noble or wealthy man.
Concubine
A secondary wife, usually of inferior legal and social status.
Bestiality
Sexual relations between a person and an animal.
Sadism
The practice of achieving sexual gratification through hurting or humiliating others.
Fellatio
A sexual activity involving oral contact with the penis.
Cunnilingus
A sexual activity involving oral contact with the female genitals.
Fornication
Sexual intercourse between people who are not married to one another. (If one of the partners is married, the act may be labeled adultery.)
Sexologist
A person who engages in the scientific study of sexual behavior.
Evolution
The development of a species to its present state, which is believed to involve adaptations to its environment.
Natural Selection
The evolutionary process by which adaptive traits enable members of a species to survive to reproductive age and transmit these traits to future generations.
Genes
The basic units of heredity, which consist of chromosomal segments of DNA.
Chromosomes
The rodlike structures that reside in the nuclei of every living cell and carry the genetic code in the form of genes.
DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid)
The chemical substance whose molecules make up genes and chromosomes.
Mutations
Random changes in the molecular structure of DNA.
Evolutionary Psychologist
Psychologist who studies the effects of evolution on behavior and mental processes.
Analogue
Something that is similar or comparable to something else.
Copulation
Sexual intercourse.
Polygyny
A form of marriage in which a man has two or more wives.
Polyandry
A form of marriage in which a woman has two or more husbands.
Psychoanalysis
The theory of personality originated by Sigmund Freud, which proposes that human behavior represents the outcome of clashing inner forces.
Defense Mechanisms
In psychoanalytic theory, automatic processes that protect the ego from anxiety by disguising or ejecting unacceptable ideas and urges.
Repression
The automatic ejection of anxiety-evoking ideas from consciousness.
Erogenous Zones
Parts of the body, including but not limited to the sex organs, that are responsive to sexual stimulation.
Psychosexual Development
In psychoanalytic theory, the process by which sexual feelings shift from one erogenous zone to another.
Fixation
In psychoanalytic theory, arrested development, which includes attachment to objects of an earlier stage of psychosexual development.
Oedipus Complex
In psychoanalytic theory, a conflict of the phallic stage in which the boy wishes to possess his mother sexually and perceives his father as a rival in love. (The analogous conflict for girls is the Electra complex.)
Behaviorists
Learning theorists who argue that a scientific approach to understanding behavior must refer only to observable and measurable behaviors.
Social-Learning Theory
A cognitively oriented learning theory in which observational learning, values, and expectations play key roles in determining behavior.
Modeling
Acquiring knowledge and skills by observing others.