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49 Cards in this Set

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Vulva
external genitals of the female.
mon veneris
mound of hair over pubic bone and fatty tissue underneath
labia majora
outer lips,covered in pubic hair. contains sweat and oil glands, extensive blood vessels and nerve endings.
labia minora
inner lips, hairless folds of skin that join at the clitoral hood and extend past vaginal opening.
clitoris
highly sensitive structure of the female external genitals, only function is sexual pleasure.
prepuce
forskin or fold of skin over the clitoris
shaft
length of the clitoris between the glans and the glans and the body
glans
head of the clitoris, richly endowed with nerve endings
crura
innermost tips of the cavernous bodies that connect to the pubic bones
cavernous bodies
structures in the shaft of the shaft of the clitoris that engorge with blood during sexual arousal
vestibule
area of the vulva inside the labia minora
urethral opening
point where urine passes out of the body, connected to the urethra
introitus
opening to the vagina
hymen
tissue that partially covers the vaginal opening
the perineum
area between the vagina and anus of the female and the scrotum and anus of the male
vestibular bulbs
two bulbs, one on each side of the vaginal openings. engorge with blood during sexual arousal
bartholin's glands
two small glands slightly inside the vaginal opening that secrete a few drops of fluid during sexual arousal
vagina
stretchable canal in the female that opens at the vulva and extends about 4 inches into the pelvis
mucosa
collective term for the mucous membranes: moist tissue that lines certain body areas such as the penile urethra, vagina and mouth
rugae
folds of tissue in the vagina
Os
opening in the cervix that leads to the interior of the uterus
cervix
small end of the uterus, located at the back of the vagina
uterus
pear shaped organ inside the female pelvis, with which the female pelvis, within which the fetus develops
perimetrium
thin membrane covering the outside of the uterus
myometrium
smooth muscle layer of the uterine wall
endometrium
tissue that line the inside of the uterine walls
fallopian tubes
two tubes extending from the sides of tghe uterus in which the egg and sperm travel
ovaries
femal gonads that produce ova and sex hormones
ectopic pregnancy
pregnancy that occurs when a fertilized ovum implants outside the uterus, commonly called the fallopian tube.
Kegal exercises
stops the flow of urine, sexualy arouse orgasm.
developed for labor
vasocongestion
the engorgement of blood vessels in a particular body parts in response to sexual arousal
Grafenberg spot
glands and ductgs located on the anterior wall of the vagina
hysterectomy
Surgical removal of the uterus
oophorectomy
Surgical removal of one of both ovaries
menstrual synchrony
simultaneous menstrual cycles that sometimes occur among women who live in close proximity
Follicle-stimulating hormone
pituitary hormone secretory phase of the menstrual cycle. developmentof ovarian follicles. in male it stimulates sperm production
luteinizing hormone
hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that stimulates ovulation int the female
Corpus luteum
yellowish body that forms on the ovary at the site of the ruptured follicle and secretes progesterone
menstrual phase
phase of the menstrual cycle in which the ovarian follicles mature
proliferative phase
phase of the menstrual cycle in which the ovarian follicles mature
secretory phase
phase of the menstrual cycle in which the corpus luteum develops and secretes progesterone
Mittelschmerz
Pain in the area of the ovary that is felt at the time of ovulation (usually midway through the menstrual cycle)
Premenstrual syndrome
symptoms of physical discomfort and emotional irritability that occur 2 to 12 days before menstruation
prementrual dysphoric disorder
prementrual symtpms sever enough to signigicantly disrupt a woman's functioning
dysmenorrhea
pain or discomfort before or during menstruation
Amenorrhea
absence of mentruation
endometriosis
condition in which uterine tissue grow on various parts of the abdominal cavity
toxic shock syndrome
disease that occurs most commonly in menstreating women and that can cause a person to go into shock
frenulum
n elastic band of tissue under the glans penis that connects to the prepuce, or foreskin to the vernal mucosa, and helps contract the prepuce over the glans