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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mons verenis
used for protection
vaginal opening
Bartholin's glands
Pair, creates natural lubricant and secretes liquids during sexual arousal in woman and occurs only in adulthood
cerival opening
the initial onset of starting menstration
usually occurs between ages 11-15
related to heredity, health, and altitude
menstral physiology
flow lasts 2-6 days, volume is 6-8 ounces, duration is 24-42 days
gonadotropin, hypothalamus releases it and it stimulates the pituitary gland which then produces follicle stimulating hormones and lutenizing hormones
three phases of menstration
cuddling hormone, peaks during breast feeding
seminal vesicle
secretes 60% of seminal fluid
seminal fluid
mixture with sperm
prostate gland
produces seminal fluid
ejaculatory duct
connects with vans deferens
cowper's gland
secretes fluid prior to ejaculation to correct the pH
lutenizing hormone
stimulates ovulation
follicle-stimulating hormone
stimulates the development of ovarian follicles
extremely tight forskin
fluid in eretral bulb
semen expelled by rapid, rhythimc contractions
generally has a greater effect on the libido than on fuctioning on the sex drive
affects sesitivity of genitals
contributes to a sense of well-being, helps maintain thickness and elasticity of vaginal lining and contributes to vaginal lubrication
most dominant sexual sense
primary erogenous zones
genitals, buttocks, anus, perineum, breasts, inner thighs, armpits, navel, neck, ear, and mouth
secondary erogenous zones
everywhere else
next dominant sexual sense, men enjoy vision more than women
may arouse or offend
men enjoy: lavender, pumpkin pie, and doughnut smells
no smells inhibit men
women enjoy: cumcumber, licorice, banana nut bread
do not enjoy: BBQ meat, cherries and some colognes
variable role
minor role
foods and substances affect the taste of bodily fluids
hormone based birth control pill
prevents ovulation, thickens cervical mucus to prevent sperm from joining egg, prevents implantation by changing uterine lining
advantages to hormone based pill
advantage: reduces risk of ovarian and endometrial cancers, PID, ovarian cysts and osteoporosis, nothing to put in place before intercourse, ability to become pregnant when stopped, regulates and shortens periods
disadvantages to hormone based pill
must be taken daily, rare health risks (heart attack, stroke, blood clots), weight gain or loss, breast tenderness, nausea, changes in mood
progestin only pills
uses hormones to thicken cervical mucus and prevent implantation
pop advantages
similar to combined hormone pill, can be used by women who cannot take estrogen and who are breast feeding
pop disadvantages
similar to combined hormone pill
nuva ring
small flexible ring deep in vagina for 3 weeks, take out for 4th week
prevents ovuation
thickens cervical mucus
nuva ring advantages
dont have to remember to take daily pill
consists of low dose of hormones
no interuption of sexual experience
doesn't require fitting
nuva ring disadvantages
increased vaginal discharge
increased vaginal irritation
expulsion of ring possible
skin patch: ortho evra
place thin plastic patch on the skin once a week for three weeks
skin patch advantages
same as vaginal ring
skin patch disadvantages
slightly higher breakthough bleeding
skin irriations possible
may not be effective for women over 198lbs
depo-provera injection
shot of hormones ever 12 weeks
prevents ovulation
injection advantages
no interruption in sexual experience
nothing to remember to take
no estrogen related side effects
can be used during breast feeding
injection disadvantages
breakthrough bleeding possible
weight gain
clinic visit every 3 months
could cause delay in pregnancy after stopping
can't use for more than 2 years continuously
ectopic pregnancy risk
progesterone and copper IUDs
keep sperm from joining egg
IUD advantages
nothing to put in place before sex
copper can be left in for 10 years, hormone can be left in 5 years
no pill taken daily
may reduce menstral cramps
ability to become pregnant after stopping returns quickly
IUD disadvantages
increase in cramps for copper wtih longer and heavier periods
icreased chance of tubal infection leading to ingertility if inserted when a woman has a sti
rarely, wall of uterus is punctured during insertion
rarely insertion causes infection
ectopic pregnancies
female condom
made of polyurethane or latex
worn interally by the woman
flexible plastic ring at the close end and fits against cercix adn then extends out to cover the labial area
coated with a silicone based lubricant
female condom advantages
erection not necessary to keep in place
can be used by those allergic to latex
external ring of condom may stimulate clitoris
does help prevent STD infection
female condom disadvanges
may be noisy
may be difficult to insert
may irritate vagina and penis
may slip into vagina during intercourse
may reduce female vaginal sensitivity
shallow, dome shaped cup with flexible rim
put in 6 hrs before take out 8-24 hrs after
cervical cap
thimble shaped and smaller than diaphram
fits snugly onto the cervix
put in 6 hrs before take out 8-24 after
silicone cap shaped l ike a sailors hat
fits securely in the vagina to cover the cervix
put in 8 hrs before take out 8-48 after
lea's shield
silicone cup with air valve and loop to aid in removal
fits snugly over cervix
put in 8 hrs before take out 8-48 after
no side effects
can be put in before sex
need practice to use correctly
can cause vaginal or cervial irritation
limited STD protection
can be messy
vestibular bulbs
two bulbs on each side of the vaginal opening, that engorge with blood during sex
the folds of tissue in the vagina
menstrual phase
the phase of mesntrual cycle when menstration occurs
proliferative phase
the phase of the menstrual cycle in which the ovarian follicles mature
secretory phase
the phase of the menstrual cycle in which the corpus luteum develops and secrets progesterone
corpus luteum
yellowish body that forms on the ovary at the site of the ruptured follicle and secrets progesterone
hormones that induce uterine contractions
the absense of menstruation
seminiferous tubules
thin, coiled structure in the testes where sperm is produced
the structure along the back of each tesits in which sperm maturation occurs
retrograde ejaculation
the process where semen is expelled into the bladder instead of out of the penis
neuropeptide hormones
chemicals produced in the brain that influences sexuality and other behavioral functions