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19 Cards in this Set

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Date range: 600-130 kya
Location: Africa (Broken Hill/Kabwe, Bodo, Omo), Europe (Arago, Atapuerca, Sima de los Huesos, Biache, Petralona, Schoeningen, Steinheim, Swanscombe), Asia (Dali)
Tool use: Acheulean, Mousterian
Anatomy: Mosaic of Homo erectus and Homo sapiens
Homo heidelbergensis
Which species had the first definite controlled use of fire?
Homo heidelbergensis
Which species show definite evidence for hunting?
Homo heidelbergensis
Which species show evidence for semi-permanent shelter?
Homo heidelbergensis
Date range: 130,000-27,000 years ago
Location: Europe (La Chappelle, La Ferrassie, Feldhofer, La Quina, Gibraltar, Saint Cesaire, Krapina, Vindija), Southwest Asia (Amud, Kebara, Shanidar)
Tool use: Mousterian, Chatelperronian (Saint-Cesaire)
Average cranial capacity: 1520cc (larger than modern humans)
Anatomy: occipital bun, long low forehead, retromolar space, large nasal aperture, lack of chin, arching browridges, projecting midface, taurodontism
Neandertals (Homo neanderthalensis or Homo sapiens neanderthalensis)
In which species were the earliest finds interpreted as pathological modern humans?
Homo neanderthalensis
Who was the first species to begin burial of dead?
Neandertals
Which species shows evidence of cannibalism?
Neandertals
Which species shows evidence of ritualistic behavior?
Neandertals
Which species subsisted primarily on meat, hunting of megafauna?
Neandertals
Date range: 150,000-present
Location: earliest sites in Middle East (Qafzeh, Skhul) and Africa (Border cave, Klasies River Mouth), with expansion into remainder of Old World (Cro-Magnon, Arene Candide, Mladec, Ordos) Australia (Lake Mungo, Kow Swamp), and into New World
Tool Use: associated with upper paleolithic industries (Gravettian, Solutrian, Magdalenian)
Average cranial capacity: 1350cc
Anatomy: first evidence of chin, overall gracilization of skeleton, especially cranium
Homo sapiens sapiens
Choppers, scrapers, and spheroids are associated with which lower paleolithic tool industry?
Oldowan
used by Australopithecus garhi (2.5 mya), aethiopicus, africanus, robustus, boisei, Homo habilis, Homo erectus, and Homo ergaster
Handaxes, cleavers, mental template for toolmaking, and tools for butchery and wood-working are associated with which lower paleolithic tool industry?
Acheulean
used by Homo erectus (1.8 mya)and Homo heidelbergensis
The Levallois flaking technique, scrapers, notched flakes, and denticulates are associated with which lower paleolithic tool industry?
Mousterian
used by Homo heidelbergensis (600 kya), Homo neanderthalensis, and Homo sapiens
End scrapers, burins, and bone points are associated with which upper paleolithic tool industry?
Aurignacian (40-28 kya)
used by Modern Homo sapiens and maybe Neandertals
"Mousterian plus", blades, and bone tools are associated with which upper paleolithic tool industry?
Chatelperronian
used by Homo neanderthalensis at St. Cesaire
Backed blades, and beveled based bone points (spear tips) are associated with which upper paleolithic tool industry?
Gravettian (28-22 kya)
used by Modern Homo sapiens
Bifacially flakes, leaf-shaped knives heated over flame, and intricate flint-working are associated with which upper paleolithic tool industry?
Solutrean (21-19 kya)
used by Modern Homo sapiens
Wall art, increased microlithics, composite tools, arrows, spear throwers, harpoons, and bone and antler tools are associated with which upper paleolithic tool industry?
Magdelenian (18-12 kya)
used by Modern Homo sapiens