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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Acropolis
hilltop fortress
Aristocracy
government made of a small, privelaged upper class
Direct Democracy
all citizens directly participate in the government
Socratic Method
question-and-answer technique
Patrician
wealthy landowners
Plebeian
Roman-turned government-leader
Fief
estate
Vassal
lesser lords
Knight
mounted warriors
Serf
peasants who were tied to the lord's land
Manor
village and surrounding lands administered by the lord
Sacrament
seven sacred rites administered by the Church
Charter
written documents that guaranteed certain rights to town dwellers
Join-Stock Company
private trading company that sells shares of stock to investors
Indulgence
pardon of sins
Predestination
the belief that God has already decided whether a person would be saved or condemned
Absolute Monarchy
rulers who have complete authority in government and over the lives or the people they govern
Divine Right
a ruler's authority comes from God
Limited Monarchy
a government in which a monarch does not have absolute power
Scientific Method
step-by-step process that emphasizes experimentation and observation
Factory System
brought workersand machines together in one place to manufacture goods
Assembly Line
the job of assembling was broken down into smaller tasks among a line of people
Franchise
the right to vote
Appeasment
making concessions to an agressor in order to preserve peace
Blitzkrieg
lighting war
Holocaust
mass murdering of the Jews in Germany
Containment
pledge to stop Soviet expansion
Per Capita Income
the average income per person in a country or region
Welfare State
government assumes responsibility for its sitizens' social and economic well-being
Permafrost
permanently frozen ground
Czar
title of Russian ruler
Autocrat
absolute ruler
Icon
religious painting
Pogrom
acts of violence against Jews
Abdicate
to give up
Soviet
council made up of workers, soldiers, and peasants
Kulak
prosperous peasant
Dissent
someone who speaks out against the government
Black Market
illegal trade in goods and services