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30 Cards in this Set

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An industrialized, corporate form of agriculture organized into integreated networks of agricultural inputs and outputs controlled by a small number of large corporations.
Agribusiness
Imports and exports between countries that are unrestricted by tariffs, quotas, or excessive approvals and paperwork.
Free Trade
Agriculture that takes place in the immediate surroindings of a permanent settlement.
Sedentary Agriculture
Artificial watering of farmland.
Irrigation
This arises when one region is relatively more efficient at producing a particular product compared with other regions.
Comparative Advantage
Domesticated animals such as cows, sheep, and poultry that are raised and managed to produce meat, milk, eggs, wool, leather, etc.
Livestock
Self-sufficient agriculture, usually small scale and low tech, primarily just for direct consumption by the local population.
Subsistence Agriculture
The application of biological science to the development of better strains of plants and animals for increasing agricultural yields.
Green Revolution
Agriculture primarily for the purpose of selling the products for money.
Commercial Agriculture
Agriculture in which a large amount of human work is applied per unit of output.
Labor-intensive Agriculture
A large estate that produces a single cash crop. Mainly found in the tropics.
Plantation
The rate at which the time separating two places decreases because of improvements in transportation or communication technology.
Time-space Convergence
The increasing economic, cultural, demographic, political, and environmental interdependence of different places around the world.
Glabalization
Agriculture in which a large amount of capital is applied per unit of output.
Capital-intensive Agriculture
The general mass of material or vegetation that dominates the surface of the land in a particular area.
Land Cover
Output per unit land per unit time (tons per acre per year)
Yield
The collecting of roots, seeds, fruit, and fiber from wild plants and the hunting and fishing of wild animals.
Hunting and Gathering
Large-area farms or ranches with low inputs of labor per acre and low output per acre.
Extensive Agriculture
An integrated agricultural system in which crops are grown and fed to livestock.
Mixed Farming
A farming method in tropical areas in which wild vegetation is cleared and burned before crops are planted. When the soil is deplinished farmers abandon the land to restore itself naturally, ad they move to new areas where they repeat the process.
Shifting Cultivation
Small area farms and ranches with high inputs of labor per acre and high output per acre.
Intensive Farming
Goods such as equipment and buildings used to produce other goods.
Capital
A period of technological change from the 1600's to the mid 1900's that started in Europe, beginging with pre-industrial improvements such as crop rotation and better horse collars, and concluding with industrial innovations to replace human labor with machines to supplement natural fertilizers and pesticides with chemical ones.
Second Agricultural Revolution
The intentional cultivation of crops and raising of livestock.
Agriculture
The interaction between glabal processes and local lifestyles. This is a two-way process in which the local and glbal shape each other.
Glbal-Local Continuum
The use of satellite images of the earth's surface.
Remote Sensing
A measure of how much distance discourages movement between places, based on time, energy, or dollar cost that must be expended.
Friction of Distance
The original invention of farming and domestication of livestock, 8,000-14,000 years ago and the subsequent dispersal of these methods from the source region.
First Agricultural Revolution
Migratory movement of herders and their animals according to the availability of grazing land.
Nomadism
Agriculture that uses a large area of land for production of a single crop year after year.
Monoculture