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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
migration
A change in residence intended to be permanent.
Pull factors
Positive conditions that effectively attract people to new localtions
Push factors
Negative conditions that induce people to leave their home and migrate some place new
nomadism
Movement among a definite set of places
transhumance
A seasonal periodic movement of pastoralists and their livestock between highland and lowland pastures
guest workers
Legal immigrant who has a work visa
refugees
People who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country
quotas
Established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year
language families
Group of languages with a shared but fairly distant origin
standard language
the norm for use in schools, government, the media, and other aspects of public life
dialects
Local or regional characteristics of a language.
isogloss
seperate places of diff uses of language
lingua franca
tongue spoken in mediterranean ports; common language
toponyms
Place name
monotheistic
one God
polytheistic
many gods
Universalizing religions
seeking converts, find it in diff countries
ethnic religion
focus on one ethnic group doesnt try to recruit
Hinduism
One of the oldest religions in the modern world believes in many gods
Hinduism's 3 major gods
Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva
caste system
The strict social segregation of people
Islam
The youngest of the major world religions, Islam is based on the teachings of Muhammad
5 pillars
1. declaration of faith
2. prayer 5x toward mecca
3. alms giving
4. ramadan - fasting
5. haj - pilgrimage to mecca atleast once in life
koran
mohammed's disciples wrote muslims follow this; holy book
Mecca
cultral hearth - muslims pray to - mohammed was born here
crusades
atempt to protect christian routes to the holy land. they slaughtered muslims but were defeated in the end.
pilgrimage
Voluntary travel to a sacred site
Indonesia
largest muslim population
Sunni
leadership is elected
Shiite
leadership direct line from mohamed
ganges
river considered sacred and holy to muslims they bathe in it.
Political geography
A subdivision of human geography focused on the nature and implications of the evolving spatial organization.
state
A politically organized territory that is recognized by the international community.
nation
a tightly knit group of people possessing bonds of language, ethnicity, religion, and other shared cultural attributes.
centripetal
Forces that tend to unify a country -> <-
centrifugal
Forces that tend to divide a country <- ->
Devolution
process by which regions within a state demand and gain political strength
multinational state
State with more than one nation within its borders
stateless nations
Nation that does not have a state (Kurds)
land locked
country is surrounded by land