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13 Cards in this Set

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Chromatin
The component material of chromosomes, visible as clumps or threads in nuclei under a microscope
Chromosomes
The threadlike structures in the nucleus that carry genetic information
Sex Chromosomes
In humans, the X and Y chromosomes that are involved in sex determination
Autosomes
Chromosomes other than the sex chromosomes. Chromosome numbers 1 through 22 are autosomes
Genes
The fundamental uits of heredity
Cell Cycle
The sequence of events that takes place between successive mitotic divisions
Interphase
The period of time in the cell cycle between mitotic division
Mitosis
Form of cell division that produces two cells, each of which has the same complement of chromosomes as the parent cell
Cytokinesis
The process of cytoplasmic division that accompanies cell division
Prokayotic cells
are found in bacteria, they do not have a nucleus but they do contain DNA
Eukaryotic cells
Cells with a nucleus, are found in all multicellular organisms. They all have DNA inside thier nucleus
Diploid (2n)
The condition in which each chromosome is represented twice as a member of a homologous pair
Haploid (n)
The condition in which each chromosome is represented once in an unpaired condition