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15 Cards in this Set

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Two alleles that are exactly the same and both code for the dominant trait
homozygous dominant
When two pure-breeding individuals with different alleles are crossed and the resulting offspring show an intermediate phenotype.
Incomplete Dominance
Any two alleles that are exactly the same
homozygous
An individual that is heterozygous and carries one recessive gene for a trait
carrier
A technique used to pair chromosomes to check for an abnormal number
karyotyping
An individual that has a disorder
affected individual
When two pure-breeding individuals with different alleles are crossed and the resulting offspring show the traits of both parents
Co-dominance
Traits that are controlled by more than one gene such as skin color
polygenic inheritance
Two alleles that are identical and code for a recessive trait
homozygous recessive
A type of inheritance where there are more than 2 alleles in a population.
multiple alleles
When an alleles is located on the X or Y chromosome
sex-linked
When the two alleles in an individual are not identical
heterozygote
All of the chromosomes except the sex-chromosomes
autosomes
A disorder that is caused by a set of 3 chromosomes rather than a pair.
trisomy
The way that a disorder is passed from parents to offspring
mode of inheritance