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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Audition
the act or sense of hearing
Total communication
the philosophy that people with hearing impairments learn to communicate best through simultaneous presentation of manual and oral techniques
Otologist
a medical specialist involved in the study of the ear and its diseases
Audiologist
a specialist in the assessment of a person's hearing ability
Audiometer
an electronic device used to detect a person's response to sound stimuli
Legal blindness
visual acuity of 20/200 or worse in the best eye with correction, as measured on the Snellen test, or a visual field of 20% or less
Hyperopia
farsightedness; a refractive problem wherein the eyeball is excessively short, focusing light rays behind the retina
Myopia
nearsightedness; a refractive problem wherein the eye ball is excessively long focusing light in front of the retina
Astigmatism
a refractive eye problem that occurs when the surface of the cornea is uneven or structurally defective, preventing light rays from converging at one point
Cataracts
a clouding of the eye lens, which becomes opaque, resulting in vision problems
Nystagmus
uncontrolled rapid eye movements
Strabismus
crossed eyes (internal) or eyes that look outward(external)
Glaucoma
a disorder of the eye, which is characterized by high pressure inside the eyeball
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
a neurological disorder characterized by motor problems, general physical weakness, lack of coordination, and perceptual difficulties
Spastic CP
most common type of CP;
one or more tight muscle groups which limit movement; stiff jerky movements
Athetoid CP
type of CP;
involuntary, purposeless movement
Ataxic CP
type of CP;
defect of the spinal column; low muscle tone;
poor movements;
disturbed sense of balance and depth perception
Spina Bifada (SB)
a developmental defect of the spinal column
SB Occulta
mild form of SB; an oblique spilt is present in one or several of the vertebral structures
SB Cysticca
malformation of the spinal column on which a tumor like sac is produced on the infant's back
Spinal cord injury
an injury in which the spinal cord is traumatized or transected
Teratogens
substances or conditions that cause malformations
Muscular Dystrophy
a group of inherited, chronic disorders that are characterized by gradual wasting and weakening of the voluntary skeletal muslces
HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus;
a virus that reduces immune system function and has been linked to AIDS
AIDS
Acuqired immunodeficiency syndrome;
the symptomatic clinical manifestation of impaired cellular immunity due to HIV
Opportunistic infection
an infection caused by germs that are not usually capable of causing infection in healthy people but can do so given certain changes in the immune system (opportunity)
Seizure disorder/Epilepsy
a condition that from time to time produces brief disturbances in the normal electrical functions of the brain, affecting a person's consciousness, bodily movements, or sensations;
the intensity and length of these effects depend on the severity of the seizure
Aura
a sensation that is experienced just before a seizure and that the person is able to remember
Tonic/clonic
seizures in which the entire brain is effected; characterized by stiffness of the body, followed by a phase of rapid muslce contractions (extreme shaking)
Absence seizures
seizures characterized by brief lapses of consciousness, usually lasting no more than ten seconds;
eye blinking and twitching of the mouth may accompany these seizures
Mental age
a concept used in psychological assessment that arrives at the general mental ability of a child or youth by matching the tasks the child is abl to perform to a scale of typical performance of children at various stages
Paraplegia
paralysis that involves the legs only
Quadriplegia
a condition characterized by paralysis of all four extremities and usually the trunk
Hemiplegia
paralysis that involves one side of the body
When do most spinal cord injuries occur?
summer months
What % of SCI are alcohol related?
25%
Diabetes is a condition in which there is ......
an inadequet secretion or use of insulin
Cystic Fibrosis is a disorder of .....
the exocrine glands
Sickle Cell is a result of ....
the meoglobin molecule in red blood cells being abnormal and thus vulnerable to strucutral collapse when the blood-oxgen level is significantly diminished
What % of women of child bearing age are substance abusers?
15%
What method is most commonly used to provide services to students who are gifted?
Pull Out
Describe the characteristics of children born from a substance abuser and what the classroom teacher should provide.
low birth weight
exhibit tremors
problems sleeping and eating
impaired cognitive development
behavior and learing problems
delayed expressive language
impeded motor development
well-structured learning environments
small classes
procide develpmentally appropriate learing evincomrns
visual stimulations
expermeintal activities
Otitis Media
inflammation of the inner ear;
most common cause of condusive hearing loss in younger children
Tinnitus
high-pitched throbbing or ringing sounds in the ear; assocaited with disease of the inner ear