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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How does atherosclerosis cause hypertension?
Atherosclerosis is the probable cause of the J-G cells not sensing proper pressure in renal blood flow.
Systolic BP 140 mmhg
Diastolic BP 90 mmhg
What are the common causes of pyelonephritisis?
Bacterial infection that often spreads retrograde from the bladder.
E-coli, Strep & Staph
Describe manifestations for pyelonephritisis?
Plank Pain
UA shows pyuria and bacteriuria
Urinary signs: frequency, urgency and burning.
What is the usual cause of glomerulonephritis?
Inflammation of the glomerulus caused by a reaction to immune complexes and complement. Usually caused by strep infection, strep throat, or strep skin lesion.
Describe the pathology of glomerulonephritisis
Immune complexes and compliment damage glomerular membrane and cause it to become more permable.
WBC's, RBC's and plasma proteins pass into Bowman's Capsule.
What may cause renal failure?
Failure to the kidney to adequately remove waste products and maintain fluid and electrolytes.
Damage due to disease processes
Reduced renal blood flow (shock)
Burns, Trauma, Dehydraton
CCL4, Hg, ethylene glycol
Describe manifestations and treatments for renal failure?
Lab Findings
Decreased Urine Output
Increased BUN, uric acid, creatinine and ammonia.
Decreased pH
Abnomal electrolyte levels
Anemia (if chronic) due to decreased erythropoietin.
Treatment: hemodialysis (for acute or chronic faulure) , Transplant
Restrictive Pulmonary Diseases
Decreased volumes during PFT
Lesion is in the alvelor portion of the lung or the chest wall
Primarily occurs during inspiration
Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases
Decreased flow rates during PFT
Lesion is usually in the airways
Primarily occurs during exhalation.
What may cause an ashma attack?
Transient inflammation of the airways.
Allergy, infection, stress/emotion, noxious fumes, cold air, exercise.
3 Manifestations of airway inflammation.
Mucosal Edema, Bronchospasm, Increased production of thick mucus.
How is COPD treated?
Lung Transplant (stop smoking 6 months to a year)
Lung Volume Reduction Surgery
Maintain oxygenation