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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
part of the nervous system and controls the heartbeat and breathing by controlling the cardiac muscle and diaphragm. also receives information from face, ears,eyes and nose
brain stem
part of the brain that controls our thinking and emotions
cerebrum
nerve cells
neurons
3 parts:
cerebrum
cerebellum
brain stem
brain
controls movement and balance
cerebellum
the body receives information from the environment
through this
sensory nerves
the long trunk part of the neuron
axon
the space between neurons
synapse
carries instructions to the muscles from the spinal cord
motor nerves
brain stem, cerebrum, neurons,brain,cerebellum,sensory nerves,axon,synapse,motor nerves
nervous system
function is to provide the body with nutrients
digestive system
churns the food and produces acids that help indigestion
stomach
releases enzymes into small intestines to break down food
pancreas
food passes through the walls of the small intestines and sends nutrients through there walls, and sends nutrients thought the capillarity to the cells of the body
small intesines
stores bile made by the liver and sends it to the stomach to aide in digestion
gall bladder
muscular tube that leads from the mouth to the stomach
esophagus
produces the fluid(spit) that breaks down food in the mouth
salivary glands
absorbs the remaining water and waste and prepares it to exit
large intestines
the smallest blood vessel in the body
capillaries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood to the heart
veins
lower chambers of the heart that pumps blood
ventricle
upper chambers of the heart that collects blood
atriums
pumps o rich blood out of the heart to the body
left ventricle
carries o rich blood from the lungs to the heart
pulmonary veins
thin muscular wall that separates the left and right side of the heart
septum
largest blood vessel in the body
aorta
combines circulatory and respiratory
cardiovascular
carbon dioxide which is removes by the lungs
CO2
(wind pipe) attaches to the lungs
trachea
large breathing muscle attaches to the lungs and separates the heart and lungs from the abdominal cavity
diaphragm
smallest blood vessel where oxygen is exchanges from CO2 in the lungs
capillaries
main function is to supply the body with oxygen
respiratory system
2 small tubes attaching to the trachea and lungs
bronchial tubes
tiny are sacs in the lungs surrounded by the capillaries
alveoli
small tubes within the lungs that transport air to the alveoli
bronchioles
12 bones connected to the sternum and protects the heart and lungs
ribs
provides power needed to move bones and joints
skeletal muscles
covers the end of the bones to protect them from wear and tear
cartilage
bands of strong tissue that connects bone to bone
ligaments
where 2 bones meet
joints
porvides power for the heart to pump blood
cardiac muscles
found attached to internal organs beside the heart
smooth muscles
tough fibrous band that attaches muscles to bone
tendons
the largest organ and the first line of defence
skin
fight pathogens and diseases. 3 types, b-cells, t-cells, macrophages
white blood cells
houses white blood cells
lymph nodes
protects the body from infection and destroys germs
immune system
white blood cells
lymph nodes
spleen
immune system
pathogens
germs
virus
bacteria
produced by white blood cells and cover the germ cell in the body to make them easier to kill
antibodies