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135 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Main muscle of chest
Pectoralis
Chest muscle
Pectoralis
Function of pectoralis
Adduction of arm/ forelimb
Kite-shaped, broad back muscle
Trapezius
Insertion and origin of the latissimus dorsi
Origin: thoracolumbar fascia
Insertion: proximal head of humerus
Action of latissimus dorsi
To move the forelimbs dorsally
Abdominal muscles that are shaped like : \\ ////
External obliques
Abdominal muscle that go in this direction:
//// \\
Internal obliques
Most superficial of the abdominal muscles
External obliques
Lies directly under the most superficial of the abdominal muscles
Internal obliques
The abdominal muscles originate and insert where?
Origin: thoracolumbar fascia
Insertion: Rectus sheath/ Ventral aponeurosis
How many heads on the triceps brachii?
3
Latin: "Line of white"
Linea alba
White line of connective tissue that connects the two halves of the rectus sheath
Linea alba
Abdominal muscles that go like this: === ===
Transverse abdominus
Innermost layer of abdominal muscles
Transverse abdominus
This is found deep to the transverse abdominus
(Parietal) peritoneum
This tissue lines the abdominal organs.
Peritoneum
A six-pack is caused by enlargement of this muscle
Rectus abdominus
Abdominal muscles that go like this: || ||
Rectus abdominus
Explain where the rectus abdominus is located in respect to the ventral aponeurosis.
It is "sheathed" by the rectus sheath
Italian for tailor
Sartorius
Origin/ insertion of the sartorius
Origin: iliac crest
Insertion: Proximal head of tibia
Muscle used to sit cross-legged
Sartorius
Superficial thigh muscle on the medial sides of the thighs
Gracilis
Origin/ insertion of gracilis
Insertion: Proximal third of tibia
Origin: Pubic symphysis
Neck muscle: Sternum to clavicle
Sternomastoid
Action of sternomastoid
Flex the head on the chest
Most ventral neck muscle
Sternohyoid
Neck muscle that covers thyroid gland and trachea
Sternothyroid
Thyroid gland is found between the two ____
Sternothyroids
This glandular tissue is found in the neck region and covers the heart
Thymus
Shoulder muscles
Deltoid
How many parts in the deltoid?
3
Back of the arm muscle
Triceps brachii
Thin leg muscle that is mostly fascia
Tensor fasciae latae
Bigger butt muscle in humans, smaller in pigs
Gluteus maximus
Smaller butt muscle in humans, larger in pigs
Gluteus medius
Action of gluteus maximus
Abduct thigh
Major muscle of hamstrings
Biceps femoris
Hamstrings are anterior or posterior side of thigh?
Posterior
Actions of biceps femoris
Retract knee
Abducts thigh
Insertion/ origin of biceps femoris
Origin: Posterior innominate
Insert: Tibia
Large calf muscle
Gastrocnemius
Origin/ insertion of gastrocnemius
Origin: distal head of femur
Insert: Tendocalcaneous
Synergistic to the gastrocnemius
Soleus
Which is superficial: gastrocnmenius or soleus?
Gastrocnemius
Action of calf muscles
Plantarflexion
Ventral muscle of the anterior leg
Tibialis anterior
Action of tibialis anterior
Dorsiflexion
Tibialis anterior insertion/ origin
Origin: Proximal head of tibia and fibula
Insert: tarsals
Flexor of forelimbs
Biceps brachii
Antagonist to biceps brachii
Triceps brachii
How many heads on biceps brachii?
2
Origin/ insertion: biceps brachii
Origin: proximal head of humerus
Insert: radius and ulna
Anterior thigh muscle group
Quadriceps
Main quadricep muscle
Rectus femoris
Origin/ Insertion of rectus femoris
Origin: ilium
Insertion: patellar ligament
Area between lips and teeth
Vestibule
Attaches tongue to floor of mouth
Lingual frenulum
Bumps on the tongue that are contain microscopic taste buds
Sensory papillae
Bony part of roof of mouth
Hard palate
Ridges on hard palate
Palatal rugae
Seal between oropharynx and nasopharynx
Soft palate
Does a pig have a uvula?
NO
Cartilage flap that keeps food out of trachea
Epiglottis
Windpipe
Trachea
Voicebox
Larynx
Enlargement at cranial end of trachea
Larynx
Muscular tube that takes food to stomach
Esophagus
Movement of food through GI tract
Peristalsis
Below the diaphragm is called
Abdominal cavity
Dome-shaped breathing muscle
Diaphragm
Separates abdominal and thoracic cavities
Diaphragm
3 tubes that pass through diaphragm
Esophagus
Inferior vena cava
Descending aorta
Multi-lobe organ that creates bile
Liver
Umbilical vein becomes
Falciform ligament
Holds liver in place
Falciform ligament
Embedded sac in the liver which holds bile
Gall Bladder
These drain the liver of bile
Hepatic duct
Leads to gall bladder
Cystic duct
Cystic+ hepatic=
Common bile duct
Muscular pouch where esophagus leads
Stomach
Valve at top of stomach
Cardiac valve
Valve at bottom of stomach
Pyloric
Soupy food mixture leaving the stomach
Chyme
Featal poop
Meconium
Stomach does what
Mechanical digestion
Begin ptn digestion
3 parts of small intestines in order
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
Parts of small intestines shortest to logest
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
Vascularized tissue that small intestines connect to
Mesentery
Projections in the small intestines that absorb nutrients
Villi
Parts of large intestine in order
Caecum
Spial colon
Rectum
Anus
Humans have a ___ hanging off the caecum.
Vermiform appendix
Valve separating small and large intestines
Ileocecal valve
Lighter-colored glandular structure located near the stomach
Pancreas
Takes pancreas enzymes to duodenum
Duct of Wirsung (pancreatic duct)
Elongated organ; major part of lymphatic system
Spleen
Retro-peritoneal
Kidney
Sits atop the kidney
Adrenal gland
Elongated sac for urine
Urinary bladder
The ___ become suspensory ligaments to hold the urinary bladder
Umbilical arteries
Area above the diaphragm (Chest cavity)
Thoracic cavity
Sac containing the heart
Pericardium
Where are coronary arteries and veins found?
Ventral surface of heart
Major vessel off the top of heart headed to the left to the lungs
Pulmonary artery
Aorta at top of heart is called
Aortic arch
The pericardial sac is attached to the underside of the _____.
Sternum
The trachea breaks apart into 2 _____.
Bronchi
The brochi become _____.
Bronchioles
The terminal air sacs in the lungs
Alveoli
Main artery of the body
Vena cava
Main vein of the body
Vena cava
Top two heart chambers
Atria (singular- atrium)
Bottom two heart chambers
Ventricles
The two parts of the vena cava and their locations
Inferior vena cava (below heart)
Superior vena cava (above heart)
Two parts of the aorta and their locations
Ascending vena cava (to head)
Descending aorta (to lower body)
The vena cava dumps into the ______ of the heart
Right atrium
Sac which contains the lungs
Pleura
Pleura is filled with this
Interstitial fluids
Kidney location
Retroperitoneal
Blood vessel that takes blood from aorta to kidneys
Renal artery
Blood vessel which takes blood from kidneys to vena cava
Renal vein
Transport waste filtered by kidney to urinary bladder
Ureters
Wastes from the kidneys are sent here
Urinary bladder
Depression in the medial surface of kidneys
Renal hilus
Female gonads
Ovaries
Where fetuses grow in pig (allows for growth of many)
Uterine horns
The uterine horns both merge to form this
Uterus
Passage from uterus to the outside of the body
Vagina
Conical projection inferior to the anus on female pigs
Urogenital papilla
Male gonads
Testes
Double sac that houses the testes
Scrotum
(For Jason: sacrum)
Tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
Urethra
Cylindrical copulatory organ of males
Penis