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124 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Pig's genus/ species name
Sus scrofa
Pig's order
Artiodactyla
The coccyx has how many bones (in man)
3-5
Where (in mother's body) fetal pigs are found
Uterine horns
The period during which the embryo develops
Gestation
How many pairs of ribs in man?
12
This structure allows for exchange of substances between the mother's blood and the embryo's blood
Umbillical cord
This directional term means "towards the sky"
Superior
This directional term means "towards the ground"
Inferior
The 7 upper rib pairs are aka ____ because they attach to a thoracic vertebrae as well as the sternum
True ribs
This directional term means "towards the front"
Anterior
This directional term means "towards the rear"
Posterior
Breastbone- attachment site for ribs
Sternum
This directional term means "towards the backbone"
Dorsal
This directional term means "towards the belly"
Ventral
Ribs are attached to sternum with ____
Costal cartilage
This directional term means "towards the sides"
Lateral
Ribs that do not articulate directlty with the sternum- only by the way of the 7th rib.
False ribs
This directional term means "towards the midline"
Medial
This directional term means "close to the point of attachment"
Proximal
This directional term means "further from the point of attachment"
Distal
Last two pair of ribs that articulate with thoracic vertebrae but not the sternum
Floating ribs
This plane divides the body into left and right halves
Sagittal
This plane divides the body into front and back halves
Coronal
Frontal
Purpose of floating ribs
Protect kidneys
This plane divides the body into top and bottom halves
Transversal
Axial
4-legged
Quadriped
Superior portion of sternum (Anterior in pigs)
Manubrium
2-legged
Biped
Central portion of sternum
Gladiolus
Walking on the toes
Digitigrade locomotion
Walking on the soles of the feet
Plantigrade locomotion
Inferior portion of sternum (Posterior in pigs)
Xyphoid process
The external ears (composed of cartilage)
Pinnae
Outer opening of the ear
External auditory meatus
Attachment for tongue
Hyoid bone
The eardrum (proper name)
Tympanic membrane
The inner eyelid
Nictitating membrane
Bones in the middle ear collectively known as
Auditory ossicles
The umbillical cord has two umbillical ______ and one umbillical ______. (Blood vessels)
Arteries, Vein
Which has thicker walls, the umbillical artery or the umbillical vein?
Artery
3 auditory ossicles
Hammer, anvil, stirrup
What is the smallest "vessel" running through the umbillical cord?
Allantoic duct
Paper-thin covering on the outside of the pig's body
Periderm
The scapulas and clavicles form the___
pectoral girdle
Small, fleshy conical prejection ventral to the anus
Urogenital papilla
The structure which contains the testes
Scrotum
The opening of the penis
Urogenital opening
Man has ____ vertebrae
33
The nipples (proper term)
Mammary papillae
The forelimbs attach to the ____ girdle
Pectoral
The hardening of bones
Ossification
The types of teeth an animal has
Dentition pattern
Carnivorous animals possess these types of teeth (mostly)
Incisors, cainine, premolar
In humans, how many carpal bones per hand?
8
Herbivorous animals mostly possess these types of teeth
Incisors, molars
Skeleton containing main longitudal portion of body
Axial skeleton
How many metacarpals per hand (in humans)?
5
Bones of the extremities and their supporting girdles
Appendicular skeleton
The backbone (former name)
Vertebral column
How many digits per hand in humans?
5
First 7 bones of the vertebral column (neck)
Cervical
Man has __(#) phalanges per hand.
14
Second set of vertebrae which serve as attachments for ribs
Thoracic
How many thoracic vertebrae does a human have?
12
The metacarpals are found here
Palm
Third set of vertebrae
Lumbar
How many lumbar vertebrae do humans have?
5
The carpals are the bones of the ____
Wrist
Fused vertebrae of the sacrum
Sacral
How many sacral vertebrae in man?
5
The tailbone is made up of ___ vertebrae.
Caudal
The upper arm bone is the ____
Humerus
The tailbone
Coccyx
The two lower arm bones are the ____ and the ____
Ulna
Radius
The pelvic girdle is composed of __(#) bones, which fused during fetal development
3
The proper name for the pelvic girdle is the _____.
Innominate
-OR-
Os coxa
The pelvic girdle is mostly composed of the ____, a butterfly-shaped bone.
Illium
The pad of cartilage at the mid-ventral juncture of two pelvic bones
Pubic symphysis
Spherical depression which is point of articulation for femur
Acetabulum
The ventral bone of the inferior pelvic girdle
Pubis
The posterior bone of the inferior pelvic girdle
Ischium
The proximal leg bone (thigh)
Femur
When one muscle will cause a certain movement and one or more other muscles cause the opposite movement
Antagonistic pairs
Knee cap
Patella
Calf bone
Fibula
Fine, transparent connective tissue which binds adjacent muscles is called ____ ____.
Deep fascia
When multiple muscles work to produce the same movement
Synergistic muscles
Shin
Tibia
How many tarsal bones in man (per foot)?
7
How many metatarsals per foot (in man)?
5
Where are the metatarsals?
Sole of foot
Tough, fibrous connective tissue which attaches the muscles to the skin below (2 words)
Superficial fascia
How many digits in a human foot?
5
To bend at a joint decreasing the angle at the joint
Flexion
Muscle action occurs by the muscle (contracting/ expanding). Choose 1
Contracting
How many phalanges in a foot (for humans)?
14
When one muscle causes a certain movement, and one or more muscles counter or undo that movement
Antagonistic pairs
When using scissors, advance with the ___ end.
Rounded, blunt
The end of the muscle that is anchored to the bone which doesn't move
Origin
How many phalanges in a foot (for humans)?
14
To straighten a joint- increasing the angle at the joint
Extension
The end of the muscle that is anchored to the bone which is moved
Insertion
The part of the muscle between the two ends
Belly
To move an extremity towards the mid-saggital plane
Adduction
When using scissors, advance with the ___ end.
Rounded, blunt
Connects muscle to bone
Tendon
To move an extremity away from the mid-sagittal plane
Abduction
A broad flat sheet of tendonous tissue
Aponeurosis
To turn the palm upwards
Supination
To turn the palm downward
Pronation
To move a structure about a point (e.g.- shaking head)
Rotation
When the distal end of a limb is moving in a circle while the proximal end end remains fixed
Circumduction
Urogenital and anal areas
Perineum
Light brown fibers that adhere tightly to the underside of the skin (muscles)
Cutaneous muscles
Muscle that covers most of the sides of the body in the thoracic and abdominal areas; serves to twitch the skin
Cutaneous maximus
Muscle on the lateral surface of the head and neck; moves skin on head and neck
Platysma
Cutting muscles at right angles to the fibers at the belly
Transection
To fold cut muscles back to their origins and insertions
Reflection
The body of a vertebra is the ______
Centrum
Part of a vertebra through which the spinal cord passes
Vertebral canal
Protrusion out of the backside of a vertebra
Dorsal spine
Protrusion out of the left or right side of a vertebra
Transverese process
The curve of a vertebra which defines two of the sides of the vertebral canal
(If this was a vertebra, the < represents: -<O)
Neural arch