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45 Cards in this Set

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Trecento
Italian for three hundred; generally used to refer to the 1300s
3 Calamities of 14th Century
Great Schism
Bubonic Plauge
100 Years War
Great Schism
division in the church with two rival popes
International Gothic Style
heavy walls, little light
Giotto
realism, sense of depth, three dimensional looking (kind of Indian style)
Simone Martini
highly influential on Gothic style
Pisanos
famous sculptors, emotion in faces, father and son, highly realistic
Perpendicular style
final form of architecture, emphasis on vertical
Limbourg Bros.
first guys to make calenders, secular
Ars Nova
new, more complex music form, richer harmonies, elaborate rhythmic devices
Mass: 5 parts (KGCSA)
Kyrie
Gloria:
Credo
Sanctus
Agnus dei
Guillaume de Machaut
poet and composer, French, ars-nova movement, musical reform, secular topics mixed with sacred music, incorporated into church, influenced Chaucer, creator of Motet
Landini
composer, works are secular, part of trecento movement (flourishing arts and music)
Duomo
Italian word for "cathedral"
Linear perspective
all lines go to one ponit in the painting
Aerial perspective
use of colors to make things look three dimensional, changes in atmosphere, Mona Lisa
Foreshortening
angled towards viewer to look smaller
Chaucer
popularizes English language
Narrative Frame
story inside a story
Death
personified as real person that we can get rid of somehow, portrayed as something we find, but not necessarily looking for--you stumble upon it
Dante and Chaucer
both popularized their language, don't like church--respectful of Christianity but not the people
Radix malorum est cupiditas
role of pardoner's tale--greed is the root of all evil
Exemplum
moral tale/story
Petrach
comparable to Dante, fixation on women (Laura), sees her in church once, becomes obsessed, love poetry (books), vernacular Italian INSTEAD of Latin sonnets,scattered rhyme scheme, rhyma sparse, FATHER OF HUMANISM, disillusioned with religion
Poet Laureate
first one
Courtly Love
sing songs of chivalry, holy love
Mount Ventoux
climbs it, reads Confessions by St. Augustine (changes his life, you try to take easy way but gets you farther down)
Ars Vendi
learning how to live your life
rime sparse
moves away from God, book begins Petrarchan sonnet
Canzoniere
song book
Florence
where early renaissance began
Sfumato
Color blending technique (subtle so they move nicely) like Mona Lisa
Chiraoscuro
extreme contrasts between dark and light
Pico
Oration on Dignity of Man, philosopher, man can be like God--divinity rather than evilness of man, philosopher
Aldine Press
famous press, responsible for mass production of classics, italics
Palestrina
composer, counter-reformation, Catholic church handed over job of redoing mass music, took all secular stuff out of it
Motet
sacred madrigal
Savonarola
precursor of Martin LUther, responsible for getting Luther going, anti-Catholic reformer, preaches against many artists in Florence
Frottola
humous musical piece
fresco
painting done on fresh coat of plaster
Venetian art
oil painting, love of landscapes, surreal
A Capella
sacred music popularized, back to simplicity
High Renaissance?
artistic style changes, secular and spiritual blending, religion and history don't have to be separated, moves towards impressionistic style, more manneristic, reflected what was going on during reformation
Venetian music
split choir, choir with music, instrumental music, use of organ
Fortuna
you can't rely on fortune!