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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is The Sensuous Way to listen to music?
Listening to music for sheer (almost physical) pleasure of sound itself. Listening to music w/out any major analytical thought.
What is The Expressive/Associative Way of listening to music?
Listening to music in order to discover some expression of meaning.
What is The Technical way of listening to music?
Listening to the technical aspects of music. Paying Analytical attention to the manner in which the composer has chosen to "put the music together".
The division of time. Often divided into metric rhythm and non-metric rhythm.
The basic pulse of the rhythm. Used to refer to the pulse of the music as well as the duration of the notes.
The relative swiftness or slowness of the beat.
A disturbance of interruption in the regular flow of rhythm.
A sound with a particular frequency that is clear and stable enough to be heard as not noise.
A coherent succession of pitches; the tune.
The relationship of simultaneously sounding pitches.
Literally, "sounding together;" a simultaneous sounding of two or more pitches that is pleasing to the ear.
Literally, "sounding apart;" a simultaneous sounding of two or more pitches that is unpleasant, harsh or jarring to the ear.
The combination of horizontal (melodic) and vertical (harmonic) elements in music.
Consisting of a single melodic line or voice, as in an unaccompanied solo or chant.
Consisting of a principal melodic line with subordinate harmonic accompaniment; chordal in nature, homophony tends to focus the listener's attention more upon the vertical elements.
Consisting of two or more melodic lines that move relatively independently of one another, each line retaining its own independent identity.
Tone Color
The quality of the sound.
The relative degree of the loudness or softness of the music.
The way in which the various components of the music are organized in time.
Any self-contained section of a larger work.
Functional Music
Music that plays a "secondary" or supportive role. Example: Wedding Music
Program Music
Instrumental music that attempts to express or depict one or more non-musical ideas, images or events.
Texted Music
Music in which words are sung, with or without instrumental accompaniment.
Absolute Music
Music that exists solely for its own sake, without any words or descriptive function.
An ensemble composed of four great divisions: strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion instruments.
Sonata Cycle
The multi-movement sonata form that forms the basis for the concerto, Sonata, and Symphony. 1st -4th movement.
Sonata-Allegro Form
The musical form most frequently used for individual movements of symphonies, convertos and sonatas. Introduction, exposition, development, recapitulation, and sometimes the coda.
An orchestral work which serves as an introduction to a larger work such as a ballet or opera.
Concert Overture
A separate orchestral work which is frequently programmatic.
A chronological numbering of a composer's musical works.
Symphonic Poem
A one-movement musical work based on a program.
The person who makes up the music.
The person responsible for determining the relative tempo, dynamics, and balance of musical sound as a musical group performs.
The first violinist of an orchestra.
A highly skilled performer, often a guest, who performs the solo section of a concerto.