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64 Cards in this Set

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anatomic position
standing erect, arms at the side, eyes and palms facing forward
supine
On back face up
prone
lying face down, hand palm down
pronation
the act of turning face or palm down
supination
the act of turning face or hand palm up
body plane
flat surface cut through the body in normal anatomic position
frontal (coronal) plane
vertical front and back
midsagittal (medial) plane
equal vertical right and left portions
vertical sagittal plane
right and left
transverse plane
horizonal upper and lower
directional terms
Describe the relationship of an area with respect to rest of the body
anterior (ventral)
front of body
external (superficial)
on or near surface
medial
midline or middle
palmar
palm of hand
proximal
nearest center of body, orgin, point of attachment
superior (cranial)
higher or above toward the head
posterior (dorsal)
back of body
internal (deep)
within or near center of body
lateral
toward the side
plantar
sole of foot
distal
farthest from center of body, orgin, or point of attachment
inferior (caudal)
beneath or lower or away from head
What are body cavities?
organs housed in large hollow spaces
dorsal cavities
back of body (includes cranial and spinal)
cranial cavity
houses the brain
spinal cavity
encases the spinal cord
Ventral Cavities
front of body (includes thoracic, abdominal, pelvic)
thoracic cavity houses?
heart and lungs
abdominal cavity houses
stomach, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, spleen, kidneys, and pelvic cavity
pelvic cavity houses
urinary bladder, reproductive organs
homeostasis
standing the same -state of equilibrium or balance
metabolism
sum of all physical and chemical reactions necessary to sustain life. 2 processes 'catabolism' and 'anabolism'
catabolism
destructive process by which complex substances are broke down to simple substances , usually with the release of energy
anabolism
constructive process by which the body coverts simple compounds into complex substances needed to carry out celluar activities
tissues
groups of similar cells that work together to form a special function. 4 basic types connective, epitheal, muscle, nerve
What does connective tissue do?
It supports and connects all body parts
skeletal system
framework that gives the body shape and support, provides movement and storage (Calcium)
hematopoiesis or hemopoiesis
production of red blood cells normally occurs in bone marrow
flat bones
rib , most skull(cranial), hip
irregular bones
back bones (vertebrae) , some facial
long bones
leg (femur, tibia, fibula), arm (humerus, radius, ulna), hand (metacarpals, phalanges)
short bones
wrist (carpals) ankle (tarsals)
Which bones are important in capillary blood collection
distal phalanx(finger) and calcaneus (Heel)
synovial fluid
viscid colorless liquid in joint cavity
Muscle Types:
Skeletal, Visceral,Cardiac
Skeletal Muscles are attached to?
Bones
Voluntary (conscious) muscle movement
Skeletal
Involuntary (unconscious) muscle movement
Cardiac & Visceral Muscle
Epidermis
Outermost and thinnest skin layer
Dermis (corium or true skin)
Inner, thickest layer of the skin
Subcutaneous
Connects skin to muscles and bone (Means “Under the skin”)
Nervous System Structural divisions
Central nervous system (CNS) & Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Consists of brain and spinal cord (Command center)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Connects CNS to every part of the body
The Endocrine system is:
Glands that secrete hormones into the blood stream
Pituitary (master gland)
Secretes hormones that control other glands
The digestive system?
Body takes in food, breaks it down then eliminates the waste. (You eat, you digest it, you shit)
Digestive System Structures?
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, Anus
The 5 main female reproductive organs?
vagina, cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries & Uterus
The 6 main male reproductive organs?
Penis, epididymis, scrotum, testies, vas deferens, prostate
The urinary system?
Filters waste from blood, makes urine
Urinary system structures?
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, bladder & urethrea
Gas exchange is what?
Where the lungs trade Co2 fo O2