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9 Cards in this Set

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Mukden Incident
September 18th, 1931
Also known as the "Manchurian Incident"

It occurred in southern Manchuria when a section of railroad, owned by Japan's South Manchuria Railway, near Mukden (today's Shenyang) was blown up. Japan's military accused Chinese dissidents of the act, thus providing an excuse for the Japanese annexation of Manchuria.
Puyi
1905-1967
Last Qing emperor, useles
was established as the head of the Manchurian government, puppet nation
Long March
1934-1935
Started in Jiangxi, went up North to Shaanxi, Yan'an
Brought Mao to power
Marco Polo Bridge Incident
July 7, 1937b
attle between Japan's Imperial Army and China's National Revolutionary Army, marking the beginning of the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)
At first it was called a "conflict" to leave room for negotiations
Fall of Beijing to the the Japanese
Anti-Japanese War
1937-1945
Xi'an incident
1936
On 12 December 1936, Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the KMT was suddenly arrested and kidnapped by Marshall Zhang Xueliang, a former warlord of Manchuria, then Japan-occupied Manchukuo. The incident led to a cessation of hostilities between the Nationalists and the Communists so that the two could present a united front against the increasing threat posed by Japan.
Zhang Xueliang
b. 1898
Manchurian Warlord that kidnapped Jiang Jieshi
Nanjing Massacre
December 1937 - january 1938
Japan had a "kill all, rape all, loot all" stance on the town of Nanjing, used chemical warfare, one of the worst attrocities ever.
Rectification Campaign
1942

Had several goals. One was to inculcate a uniformity of spirit and a focus on the party's mission nito the party's tens of thousands of new members, many of them intellectuals and sudents who had come from coastal cities. A second was to challenge Wang Ming, the party's general secretary in 1931 and 32. He wanted to make the peasants equal partners with the proletariat in the vanguard of the revolution. Mao really believed in the power of human beings to change their thoughts. Mao did not resort to murder.