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1203 Cards in this Set

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阿姨
maternal aunt/ step-mother/ childcare worker/ nursemaid/ woman of similar age to one's parents (term of address used by child)/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
a1 yi2
modal particle ending sentence, showing affirmation, approval, or consent
a5
low/ short (in length)
ai3
to love/ affection/ to be fond of/ to like
ai4
爱好
to like/ to take pleasure in/ keen on/ fond of/ interest/ hobby/ appetite for/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ai4 hao4
爱情
romance/ love (romantic)/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ai4 qing2
安静
quiet/ peaceful/ calm
an1 jing4
安排
to arrange/ to plan/ to set up
an1 pai2
安全
safe/ secure/ safety/ security
an1 quan2
dark/ gloomy/ hidden/ secret/ muddled/ obscure/ in the dark
an4
按时
on time/ before deadline/ on schedule
an4 shi2
按照
according to/ in accordance with/ in the light of/ on the basis of
an4 zhao4
eight/ 8
ba1
to hold/ to contain/ to grasp/ to take hold of/ a handle/ particle marking the following noun as a direct object/ classifier for objects with handle
ba3
爸爸
(informal) father/ CL - 個|个[ge4],位[wei4]
ba4 ba5
(modal particle indicating polite suggestion)/ ...right?/ ...OK?
ba5
white/ snowy/ pure/ bright/ empty/ blank/ plain/ clear/ to make clear/ in vain/ gratuitous/ free of charge/ reactionary/ anti-communist/ funeral/ to stare coldly/ to write wrong character/ to state/ to explain/ vernacular/ spoken lines in opera/ surname Bai
bai2
hundred/ numerous/ all kinds of/ surname Bai
bai3
team/ class/ squad/ work shift/ classifier for groups/ ranking/ surname Ban/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ban1
to move/ to shift/ to remove/ to transport/ to apply indiscriminately/ to copy mechanically
ban1
half/ semi-/ incomplete/ (after a number) and a half
ban4
办法
means/ method/ way (of doing sth)/ CL - 條|条[tiao2],個|个[ge4]
ban4 fa3
办公室
an office/ business premises/ a bureau/ CL - 間|间[jian1]
ban4 gong1 shi4
帮忙
to help/ to lend a hand/ to do a favor/ to do a good turn
bang1 mang2
帮助
assistance/ aid/ to help/ to assist
bang1 zhu4
to cover/ to wrap/ to hold/ to include/ to take charge of/ package/ wrapper/ container/ bag/ to hold or embrace/ bundle/ packet/ to contract (to or for)/ surname Bao/ CL - 個|个[ge4],隻|只[zhi1]
bao1
包括
to comprise/ to include/ to involve/ to incorporate/ to consist of
bao1 kuo4
to eat till full/ satisfied
bao3
保护
to protect/ to defend/ to safeguard/ protection/ CL - 種|种[zhong3]
bao3 hu4
保证
guarantee/ to guarantee/ to ensure/ to safeguard/ to pledge/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
bao3 zheng4
to hold/ to carry (in one's arms)/ to hug or embrace/ surround/ cherish
bao4
抱歉
sorry/ We apologize!/ to feel apologetic/ to regret
bao4 qian4
报道
report/ CL - 篇[pian1],份[fen4]
bao4 dao4
报名
to sign up/ to enter one's name/ to apply/ to register/ to enroll/ to enlist
bao4 ming2
报纸
newspaper/ newsprint/ CL - 份[fen4],期[qi1],張|张[zhang1]
bao4 zhi3
杯子
cup/ glass/ CL - 個|个[ge4],支[zhi1],枝[zhi1]
bei1 zi5
北方
north/ the northern part a country/ China north of the Yellow River
bei3 fang1
北京
Beijing, capital of People's Republic of China/ Peking/ PRC government
Bei3 jing1
(two, three etc) -fold/ times (multiplier)/ double/ to increase or multiply
bei4
by (indicates passive-voice sentences or clauses)/ quilt/ to cover (literary)
bei4
roots or stems of plants/ origin/ source/ this/ the current/ root/ foundation/ basis/ classifier for books, periodicals, files etc/ originally
ben3
本来
original/ originally/ at first/ it goes without saying/ of course
ben3 lai2
stupid/ foolish/ silly/ slow-witted/ clumsy
ben4
鼻子
nose/ CL - 個|个[ge4],隻|只[zhi1]
bi2 zi5
(particle used for comparison and -er than)/ to compare/ to contrast/ to gesture (with hands)/ ratio
bi3
比较
compare/ contrast/ fairly/ comparatively/ relatively/ quite/ rather
bi3 jiao4
比赛
competition (sports etc)/ match/ CL - 場|场[chang3],次[ci4]
bi3 sai4
笔记本
notebook/ CL - 本[ben3]
bi3 ji4 ben3
必须
to have to/ must/ compulsory/ necessarily
bi4 xu1
毕业
graduation/ to graduate/ to finish school
bi4 ye4
a time/ everywhere/ turn/ all over/ one time
bian4
变化
change/ variation/ to change/ to vary/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
bian4 hua4
标准
(an official) standard/ norm/ criterion/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
biao1 zhun3
表达
to voice (an opinion)/ to express/ to convey
biao3 da2
表格
form/ table/ CL - 張|张[zhang1],份[fen4]
biao3 ge2
表示
to express/ to show/ to say/ to state/ to indicate/ to mean
biao3 shi4
表演
play/ show/ performance/ exhibition/ to perform/ to act/ to demonstrate/ CL - 場|场[chang3]
biao3 yan3
表扬
to praise/ to commend
biao3 yang2
to leave/ to depart/ to separate/ to distinguish/ to classify/ other/ another/ do not/ must not/ to pin
bie2
别人
other people/ others/ other person
bie2 ren2
宾馆
guesthouse/ CL - 個|个[ge4],家[jia1]
bin1 guan3
冰箱
icebox/ freezer cabinet/ refrigerator/ CL - 臺|台[tai2],個|个[ge4]
bing1 xiang1
饼干
biscuit/ cracker/ cookie/ CL - 片[pian4],塊|块[kuai4]
bing3 gan1
并且
and/ besides/ moreover/ furthermore/ in addition
bing4 qie3
博士
doctor/ court academician (in feudal China)/ Ph.D.
bo2 shi4
不但
not only (... but also...)
bu4 dan4
不过
only/ merely/ no more than/ but/ however/ anyway (to get back to a previous topic)
bu4 guo4
不客气
you're welcome/ impolite/ rude/ blunt/ don't mention it
bu4 ke4 qi5
(negative prefix)/ not/ no
bu4
不得不
have no choice or option but to/ cannot but/ have to/ can't help it/ can't avoid
bu4 de2 bu4
不管
no matter (what, how)/ regardless of/ no matter
bu4 guan3
不仅
not only (this one)/ not just (...) but also
bu4 jin3
部分
part/ share/ section/ piece/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
bu4 fen4
to wipe/ to erase/ rubbing (brush stroke in painting)/ to clean/ to polish
ca1
to guess
cai1
ability/ talent/ endowment/ gift/ an expert/ only (then)/ only if/ just
cai2
材料
material/ data/ makings/ stuff/ CL - 個|个[ge4],種|种[zhong3]
cai2 liao4
dish (type of food)/ vegetables/ vegetable/ cuisine/ CL - 盤|盘[pan2],道[dao4]
cai4
菜单
menu/ CL - 份[fen4],張|张[zhang1]
cai4 dan1
参观
to look around/ to inspect/ visit and observe
can1 guan1
参加
to participate/ to take part/ to join
can1 jia1
grass/ straw/ manuscript/ draft (of a document)/ careless/ rough/ CL - 棵[ke1],撮[zuo3],株[zhu1],根[gen1]
cao3
layer/ stratum/ laminated/ floor (of a building)/ storey/ classifier for layers/ repeated/ sheaf (math.)
ceng2
tea/ tea plant/ CL - 杯[bei1],壺|壶[hu2]
cha2
differ from/ short of/ to lack/ poor
cha4
差不多
almost/ nearly/ more or less
cha4 bu5 duo1
to taste/ flavor/ (past tense marker)/ already/ formerly/ ever/ once/ test
chang2
length/ long/ forever/ always/ constantly
chang2
长城
the Great Wall
Chang2 cheng2
长江
Changjiang river/ Yangtze river
Chang2 jiang1
large place used for a specific purpose/ stage/ scene (of a play)/ classifier for sporting or recreational activities/ classifier for number of exams
chang3
唱歌
to sing a song
chang4 ge1
超过
to surpass/ to exceed/ to outstrip
chao1 guo4
超市
supermarket (abbr.)/ CL - 家[jia1]
chao1 shi4
to quarrel/ to make a noise/ noisy/ to disturb by making a noise
chao3
衬衫
shirt/ blouse/ CL - 件[jian4]
chen4 shan1
成功
success/ to succeed/ CL - 次[ci4],個|个[ge4]
cheng2 gong1
成绩
achievement/ performance records/ grades/ CL - 項|项[xiang4],個|个[ge4]
cheng2 ji4
成熟
mature/ ripe/ Taiwan pr. cheng2 shou2
cheng2 shu2
成为
to become/ to turn into
cheng2 wei2
诚实
honest/ honesty/ honorable/ truthful
cheng2 shi2
城市
city/ town/ CL - 座[zuo4]
cheng2 shi4
乘坐
to ride (in a vehicle)
cheng2 zuo4
to eat/ to have one's meal/ to eradicate/ to destroy/ to absorb/ to suffer/ to exhaust
chi1
吃惊
to be startled/ to be shocked/ to be amazed
chi1 jing1
迟到
to arrive late
chi2 dao4
重新
again/ once more/ re-
chong2 xin1
抽烟
to smoke (a cigarette, tobacco)
chou1 yan1
to go out/ to come out/ to occur/ to produce/ to go beyond/ to rise/ to put forth/ to happen/ classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc
chu1
出差
to go on an official or business trip
chu1 chai1
出发
to start out/ to set off
chu1 fa1
出生
to be born
chu1 sheng1
出现
to appear/ to arise/ to emerge/ to show up
chu1 xian4
出租车
taxi
chu1 zu1 che1
厨房
kitchen/ CL - 間|间[jian1]
chu2 fang2
除了
besides/ apart from (... also...)/ in addition to/ except (for)
chu2 le5
穿
to bore through/ pierce/ perforate/ penetrate/ pass through/ to dress/ to wear/ to put on/ to thread
chuan1
a boat/ vessel/ ship/ CL - 條|条[tiao2],艘[sou1],隻|只[zhi1]
chuan2
传真
fax/ facsimile
chuan2 zhen1
窗户
window/ CL - 個|个[ge4],扇[shan4]
chuang1 hu5
spring (time)/ gay/ joyful/ youthful/ love/ lust/ life
chun1
词典
dictionary (of Chinese compound words)/ also written 辭典|辞典[ci2 dian3]/ CL - 部[bu4],本[ben3]
ci2 dian3
词语
word (general term including monosyllables through to short phrases)/ term (e.g. technical term)/ expression
ci2 yu3
next in sequence/ second/ the second (day, time etc)/ secondary/ vice-/ sub-/ infra-/ inferior quality/ substandard/ order/ sequence/ hypo- (chemistry)/ classifier for enumerated events/ time
ci4
聪明
acute (of sight and hearing)/ clever/ intelligent/ bright/ smart
cong1 ming5
from/ via/ passing through/ through (a gap)/ past/ ever (followed by negative, meaning never)/ (formerly pr. zong4 and related to 縱|纵) to follow/ to comply with/ to obey/ to join/ to engage in/ adopting some mode of action or attitude/ follower/ retainer/ accessory/ accomplice/ related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor/ surname Cong
cong2
从来
always/ at all times/ never (if used in negative sentence)
cong2 lai2
粗心
careless/ thoughtless
cu1 xin1
mistake/ error/ blunder/ fault/ cross/ uneven/ wrong/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
cuo4
答案
answer/ solution/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
da2 an4
打扮
to decorate/ to dress/ to make up/ to adorn/ manner of dressing/ style of dress
da3 ban5
打电话
to make a telephone call
da3 dian4 hua4
打篮球
play basketball
da3 lan2 qiu2
打扰
to disturb/ to bother/ to trouble
da3 rao3
打扫
to clean/ to sweep
da3 sao3
打算
to plan/ to intend/ to calculate/ plan/ intention/ calculation/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
da3 suan4
打印
to print/ to seal/ to stamp
da3 yin4
打折
to give a discount
da3 zhe2
打针
to give or have an injection
da3 zhen1
big/ huge/ large/ major/ great/ wide/ deep/ oldest/ eldest
da4
大概
roughly/ probably/ rough/ approximate/ about
da4 gai4
大家
authority/ everyone
da4 jia1
大使馆
embassy/ CL - 座[zuo4],個|个[ge4]
da4 shi3 guan3
大约
approximately/ about
da4 yue1
band/ belt/ girdle/ ribbon/ tire/ area/ zone/ region/ CL - 條|条[tiao2]/ to wear/ to carry/ to lead/ to bring/ to look after/ to raise
dai4
to put on or wear (glasses, hat, gloves etc)/ to respect/ to bear/ to support
dai4
代表
representative/ delegate/ CL - 位[wei4],個|个[ge4],名[ming2]/ to represent/ to stand for/ on behalf of/ in the name of
dai4 biao3
代替
instead/ to replace/ to substitute (X for Y, or a number in an algebraic expression)
dai4 ti4
大夫
doctor/ minister of state (in pre-Han states)/ CL - 個|个[ge4],位[wei4]
dai4 fu5
担心
anxious/ worried/ uneasy/ to worry/ to be anxious
dan1 xin1
蛋糕
cake/ CL - 塊|块[kuai4],個|个[ge4]
dan4 gao1
但是
but/ however
dan4 shi4
to be/ to act as/ manage/ withstand/ when/ during/ ought/ should/ match equally/ equal/ same/ obstruct/ just at (a time or place)/ on the spot/ right/ just at
dang1
当地
local
dang1 di4
当然
only natural/ as it should be/ certainly/ of course/ without doubt
dang1 ran2
当时
then/ at that time/ while
dang1 shi2
knife/ CL - 把[ba3]
dao1
导游
tour guide/ to conduct a tour/ a guidebook
dao3 you2
to (a place)/ until (a time)/ up to/ to go/ to arrive
dao4
到处
in all places/ everywhere
dao4 chu4
到底
finally/ in the end/ when all is said and done/ after all/ to the end/ to the last
dao4 di3
道歉
to apologize/ to make an apology
dao4 qian4
得意
proud of oneself/ pleased with oneself/ complacent
de2 yi4
-ly/ structural particle/ used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct
de5
of/ structural particle/ used before a noun, linking it to preceding possessive or descriptive attributive
de5
structural particle/ used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc
de5
to have to/ must/ ought to/ to need to
dei3
lamp/ light/ lantern/ CL - 盞|盏[zhan3]
deng1
wait for/ await
deng3
et cetera/ and so on/ et al. (and other authors)/ after/ as soon as/ once
deng3
low/ beneath/ to lower (one's head)/ to let droop/ to hang down/ to incline
di1
background/ bottom/ base/ the end of a period of time/ towards the end of (last month)
di3
弟弟
younger brother/ CL - 個|个[ge4],位[wei4]
di4 di5
地方
region/ regional (away from the central administration)
di4 fang1
地球
the Earth/ planet/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
di4 qiu2
地铁
subway/ metro
di4 tie3
地图
map/ CL - 張|张[zhang1],本[ben3]
di4 tu2
地址
address/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
di4 zhi3
第一
first/ number one
di4 yi1
drop (of liquid)/ stain/ spot/ speck/ jot/ dot stroke (in Chinese characters)/ decimal point/ point/ mark (of degree or level)/ a place (with certain characteristics)/ iron bell/ o’clock/ a little/ a bit/ some/ (point) unit of measurement for type/ to touch on briefly/ to make clear/ to light/ to ignite/ to kindle/ period of time at night (24 minutes) (old)/ a drip/ to dibble/ classifier for small indeterminate quantities
dian3
电脑
computer/ CL - 臺|台[tai2]
dian4 nao3
电视
television/ TV/ CL - 臺|台[tai2],個|个[ge4]
dian4 shi4
电梯
elevator/ CL - 臺|台[tai2],部[bu4]
dian4 ti1
电影
movie/ film/ CL - 部[bu4],片[pian4],幕[mu4],場|场[chang3]
dian4 ying3
电子邮件
electronic mail/ email/ CL - 封[feng1]
dian4 zi3 you2 jian4
to fall/ to drop/ to lag behind/ to lose/ to go missing/ to reduce/ fall (in prices)/ to lose (value, weight etc)/ to wag/ to swing/ to turn/ to change/ to exchange/ to swap/ to show off/ to shed (hair)
diao4
调查
investigation/ inquiry/ to investigate/ to survey/ survey/ (opinion) poll/ CL - 項|项[xiang4],個|个[ge4]
diao4 cha2
to lose/ to put aside/ to throw
diu1
winter
dong1
east/ host (i.e. sitting on east side of guest)/ landlord/ surname Dong
dong1
东西
thing/ stuff/ person/ CL - 個|个[ge4],件[jian4]
dong1 xi5
to understand/ to know
dong3
动物
animal/ CL - 隻|只[zhi1],群[qun2],個|个[ge4]
dong4 wu4
动作
movement/ motion/ action/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
dong4 zuo4
all, both/ entirely (due to) each/ even/ already
dou1
to read/ to study/ reading of word (i.e. pronunciation), similar to 拼音[pin1 yin1]
du2
堵车
traffic jam/ choking
du3 che1
肚子
belly/ abdomen/ stomach/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
du4 zi5
short or brief/ to lack/ weak point/ fault
duan3
paragraph/ section/ segment/ stage (of a process)/ classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc
duan4
to break/ to snap/ to cut off/ to give up or abstain from sth/ to judge/ (usu. used in the negative) absolutely, definitely,decidedly
duan4
锻炼
to engage in physical exercise/ to toughen/ to temper
duan4 lian4
couple/ pair/ to be opposite/ to oppose/ to face/ versus/ for/ to/ correct (answer)/ to answer/ to reply/ to direct (towards sth)/ right
dui4
(介词)to/ for
dui4
对不起
unworthy/ to let down/ I'm sorry/ excuse me/ pardon me/ if you please/ sorry? (please repeat)
dui4 bu5 qi3
对话
dialog/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
dui4 hua4
对面
opposite
dui4 mian4
stop/ pause/ to arrange/ to lay out/ to kowtow/ to stamp/ at once/ classifier for meals, beating, tellings off etc/ time, bout, spell, meal
dun4
many/ much/ a lot of/ numerous/ multi-
duo1
多么
how (wonderful etc)/ what (a great idea etc)/ however (difficult it may be etc)
duo1 me5
多少
number/ amount/ somewhat
duo1 shao3
flower/ earlobe/ fig. item on both sides/ classifier for flowers, clouds etc
duo3
饿
to be hungry/ hungry
e4
and/ as well as/ and so/ but (not)/ yet (not)/ (indicates causal relation)/ (indicates change of state)/ (indicates contrast)
er2
而且
(not only ...) but also/ moreover/ in addition/ furthermore
er2 qie3
儿童
child/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
er2 tong2
儿子
son
er2 zi5
耳朵
ear/ CL - 隻|只[zhi1],個|个[ge4],對|对[dui4]
er3 duo5
two/ 2/ stupid (Beijing dialect)
er4
to send out/ to show (one's feeling)/ to issue/ to develop/ classifier for gunshots (rounds)
fa1
发烧
have a high temperature (from illness)/ have a fever
fa1 shao1
发生
to happen/ to occur/ to take place/ to break out
fa1 sheng1
发现
to find/ to discover
fa1 xian4
发展
development/ growth/ to develop/ to grow/ to expand
fa1 zhan3
法律
law/ CL - 條|条[tiao2], 套[tao4], 個|个[ge4]
fa3 lv4
翻译
to translate/ to interpret/ translator/ interpreter/ translation/ interpretation/ CL - 個|个[ge4],位[wei4],名[ming2]
fan1 yi4
烦恼
agonize/ agony/ annoyance/ upset/ vexation/ worries
fan2 nao3
反对
to fight against/ to oppose/ to be opposed to/ opposition
fan3 dui4
反应
to mirror/ to reflect/ mirror image/ reflection/ fig. to report/ to make known/ to render/ used erroneously for 反應|反应, response or reaction
fan3 ying4
饭馆
restaurant/ CL - 家[jia1]
fan4 guan3
范围
range/ scope/ limit/ extent/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
fan4 wei2
方便
convenient/ to help out/ to make things easy for people/ convenience/ suitable/ having money to spare/ (euphemism) to go to the toilet
fang1 bian4
方法
method/ way/ means/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
fang1 fa3
方面
respect/ aspect/ field/ side/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
fang1 mian4
方向
direction/ orientation/ path to follow/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
fang1 xiang4
房间
room/ CL - 間|间[jian1]
fang2 jian1
访问
to visit/ to call on/ to interview/ CL - 次[ci4]
fang3 wen4
to release/ to free/ to let go/ to put/ to place/ to let out/ to set off (fireworks)
fang4
放弃
to renounce/ to abandon/ to give up
fang4 qi4
放暑假
take summer vacation
fang4 shu3 jia4
放心
to set one's mind at rest/ to be at ease/ to rest
fang4 xin1
非常
unusual/ extraordinary/ extreme/ very/ exceptional
fei1 chang2
飞机
airplane/ CL - 架[jia4]
fei1 ji1
to divide/ to separate/ to allocate/ to distinguish (good and bad)/ part or subdivision/ fraction/ one tenth (of certain units)/ unit of length equivalent to 0.33 cm/ minute/ a point (in sports or games)/ 0.01 yuan (unit of money)
fen1
…分之…
used for fractions and percentages, e.g. 四分之一 is 1/4 and 百分之一 is 1%
fen1 zhi1
分钟
minute
fen1 zhong1
part/ share/ portion/ copy/ classifier for gifts, newspaper, magazine, papers, reports, contracts etc
fen4
丰富
rich/ plentiful/ abundant
feng1 fu4
风景
scenery/ landscape/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
feng1 jing3
否则
if not/ otherwise/ else/ or else
fou3 ze2
符合
in keeping with/ in accordance with/ tallying with/ in line with/ to agree with/ to accord with/ to conform to/ to correspond with/ to manage/ to handle
fu2 he2
服务员
waiter/ waitress/ attendant/ customer service personnel/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
fu2 wu4 yuan2
rich/ surname Fu
fu4
附近
(in the) vicinity/ nearby/ neighboring/ next to
fu4 jin4
父亲
father/ also pr. with light tone [fu4 qin5]/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
fu4 qin1
复习
to revise/ to review/ revision/ CL - 次[ci4]
fu4 xi2
复印
to photocopy/ to duplicate a document
fu4 yin4
复杂
complicated/ complex
fu4 za2
负责
to be in charge of/ to take responsibility for/ to be to blame/ conscientious
fu4 ze2
改变
to change/ to alter/ to transform
gai3 bian4
干杯
to drink a toast/ Cheers! (proposing a toast)/ Here's to you!/ Bottoms up!/ lit. dry cup
gan1 bei1
干净
clean/ neat
gan1 jing4
干燥
to dry (of weather, paint, cement etc)/ desiccation/ dull/ uninteresting/ arid
gan1 zao4
to dare/ daring/ (polite) may I venture
gan3
感动
to move (sb)/ to touch (sb emotionally)/ moving
gan3 dong4
感觉
to feel/ to become aware of/ feeling/ sense/ perception/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
gan3 jue2
感冒
to catch cold/ (common) cold/ CL - 場|场[chang2],次[ci4]
gan3 mao4
感情
feeling/ emotion/ sensation/ likes and dislikes/ deep affection for sb or sth/ relationship (i.e. love affair)/ CL - 個|个[ge4],種|种[zhong3]
gan3 qing2
感谢
(express) thanks/ gratitude/ grateful/ thankful/ thanks
gan3 xie4
to work/ to do/ to manage
gan1
刚才
just now/ a moment ago
gang1 cai2
刚刚
just recently/ just a moment ago
gang1 gang5
high/ tall/ above average/ loud/ your (honorific)/ surname Gao
gao1
高级
high level/ high grade/ advanced/ high-ranking
gao1 ji2
高兴
happy/ glad/ willing (to do sth)/ in a cheerful mood
gao1 xing4
告诉
to tell/ to inform/ to let know
gao4 su5
哥哥
older brother/ CL - 個|个[ge4],位[wei4]
ge1 ge5
each/ every
ge4
individual/ this/ that/ size/ classifier for people or objects in general
ge4
个子
height/ stature/ build/ size
ge4 zi5
to/ for/ for the benefit of/ to give/ to allow/ to do sth (for sb)/ (passive particle)
gei3
heel/ to follow closely/ to go with/ to marry sb (of woman)/ with/ towards/ as (compared to)/ from (different from)/ and (in addition to)
gen1
根据
according to/ based on/ basis/ foundation/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
gen1 ju4
to change or replace/ to experience/ one of the five two hour periods into which the night was formerly divided/ watch (eg of a sentry or guard)
geng1
公共汽车
bus/ CL - 輛|辆[liang4],班[ban1]
gong1 gong4 qi4 che1
公斤
kilogram (kg)
gong1 jin1
公里
kilometer
gong1 li3
公司
(business) company/ company/ firm/ corporation/ incorporated/ CL - 家[jia1]
gong1 si1
公园
public park/ CL - 場|场[chang3]
gong1 yuan2
工具
tool/ instrument/ utensil/ means (to achieve a goal etc)
gong1 ju4
工资
wages/ pay/ CL - 個|个[ge4],份[fen4],月[yue4]
gong1 zi1
工作
job/ work/ construction/ task/ CL - 個|个[ge4],份[fen4],項|项[xiang4]
gong1 zuo4
共同
common/ joint/ jointly/ together/ collaborative
gong4 tong2
dog/ CL - 隻|只[zhi1],條|条[tiao2]
gou3
to reach/ to be enough
gou4
购物
shopping
gou4 wu4
孤单
lone/ lonely/ loneliness
gu1 dan1
估计
to estimate/ to reckon/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
gu1 ji4
鼓励
to encourage
gu3 li4
鼓掌
to applaud/ to clap
gu3 zhang3
顾客
client/ customer/ CL - 位[wei4]
gu4 ke4
故事
old practice/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
gu4 shi4
故意
deliberately/ on purpose
gu4 yi4
刮风
to be windy
gua1 feng1
to hang or suspend (from a hook etc)/ (of a telephone call) to hang up/ to be worried or concerned/ to make a phone call (topolect)/ to register or record/ to hitch/ classifier for sets or clusters of objects
gua4
mountain pass/ to close/ to shut/ to turn off/ to concern/ to involve
guan1
关键
crucial point/ crux/ CL - 個|个[ge4]/ key/ crucial/ pivotal
guan1 jian4
关系
relation/ relationship/ to concern/ to affect/ to have to do with/ guanxi/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
guan1 xi4
关心
to care for sth/ caring/ concerned
guan1 xin1
关于
pertaining to/ concerning/ regarding/ with regards to/ about/ a matter of
guan1 yu2
观众
spectators/ audience/ visitors (to an exhibition etc)
guan1 zhong4
管理
to supervise/ to manage/ to administer/ management/ administration/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
guan3 li3
light/ ray/ CL - 道[dao4]/ bright/ only/ merely/ to use up
guang1
广播
broadcast/ widely spread/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
guang3 bo1
广告
to advertise/ a commercial/ advertisement/ CL - 項|项[xiang4]
guang3 gao4
to stroll/ to visit
guang4
规定
provision/ to fix/ to set/ to formulate/ to stipulate/ to provide/ regulation/ rule/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
gui1 ding4
expensive/ noble/ your (name)/ precious
gui4
国际
international
guo2 ji4
国家
country/ nation/ state/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
guo2 jia1
果然
really/ sure enough/ as expected
guo3 ran2
果汁
fruit juice
guo3 zhi1
to cross/ to go over/ to pass (time)/ to celebrate (a holiday)/ to live/ to get along/ excessively/ too-/ surname Guo
guo4
过程
course of events/ process/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
guo4 cheng2
过去
(in the) past/ former/ previous/ to go over/ to pass by
guo4 qu5
still/ still in progress/ still more/ yet/ even more/ in addition/ fairly/ passably (good)/ as early as/ even/ also/ else
hai2
还是
or/ still/ nevertheless
hai2 shi4
孩子
child
hai2 zi5
海洋
ocean/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
hai3 yang2
害怕
to be afraid/ to be scared
hai4 pa4
害羞
blush/ shy
hai4 xiu1
寒假
winter vacation
han2 jia4
perspiration/ sweat/ CL - 滴[di1],頭|头[tou2],身[shen1]/ Khan (Persian or Mongol king or emperor)/ Khan (name)/ to be speechless (out of helplessness, embarrassment etc) (Internet slang used as an interjection)
han4
汉语
Chinese language/ CL - 門|门[men2]
Han4 yu3
航班
scheduled flight/ flight number/ plane/ scheduled sailing/ sailing number/ passenger ship
hang2 ban1
good/ well/ proper/ good to/ easy to/ very/ so/ (suffix indicating completion or readiness)
hao3
好吃
tasty/ delicious
hao3 chi1
好处
benefit/ advantage/ gain/ profit/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
hao3 chu5
好像
as if/ to seem like
hao3 xiang4
day of a month/ (suffix used after) name of a ship/ (ordinal) number
hao4
号码
number/ CL - 堆[dui1],個|个[ge4]
hao4 ma3
to drink/ to shout (a command)/ My goodness!
he1
and/ together with/ with/ sum/ union/ peace/ harmony/ surname He/ Japanese related/ Taiwan pr. han4
he2
river/ CL - 條|条[tiao2],道[dao4]
he2
合格
qualified/ meeting a standard/ eligible (voter)
he2 ge2
合适
suitable/ fitting/ decent/ to fit
he2 shi4
盒子
case
he2 zi5
black/ dark
hei1
黑板
blackboard/ CL - 塊|块[kuai4],個|个[ge4]
hei1 ban3
(adverb of degree)/ quite/ very/ awfully
hen3
bonus/ popular/ red/ revolutionary
hong2
猴子
monkey/ CL - 隻|只[zhi1]
hou2 zi5
thick/ deep or profound/ kind/ generous/ rich or strong in flavor/ to favor/ to stress
hou4
后悔
to regret/ to repent
hou4 hui3
后来
afterwards/ later
hou4 lai2
后面
rear/ back/ behind/ later/ afterwards
hou4 mian5
忽然
suddenly/ all of a sudden
hu1 ran2
护士
nurse/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
hu4 shi5
护照
passport/ CL - 本[ben3],個|个[ge4]
hu4 zhao4
互相
each other/ mutually/ mutual
hu4 xiang1
flower/ blossom/ fancy pattern/ CL - 朵[duo3],支[zhi1],束[shu4],把[ba3],盆[pen2],簇[cu4]/ to spend (money, time)/ surname Hua
hua1
花园
garden/ CL - 座[zuo4],個|个[ge4]
hua1 yuan2
to draw/ picture/ painting/ CL - 幅[fu2],張|张[zhang1]
hua4
怀疑
to doubt/ to suspect/ doubt/ suspicion/ skeptical
huai2 yi2
bad/ spoiled/ broken/ to break down
huai4
欢迎
to welcome/ welcome
huan1 ying2
环境
environment/ circumstances/ surroundings/ CL - 個|个[ge4]/ ambient
huan2 jing4
change/ exchange
huan4
yellow/ pornographic/ to fall through
huang2
to circle/ to go back/ to turn around/ to answer/ to return/ to revolve/ Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims)/ time/ classifier for acts of a play/ section or chapter (of a classic book)
hui2
回答
to reply/ to answer/ the answer/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
hui2 da2
回忆
to recall/ recollection/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
hui2 yi4
can/ be possible/ be able to/ will/ be likely to/ be sure to/ to assemble/ to meet/ to gather/ to see/ union/ group/ association/ CL - 個|个[ge4]/ a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is hui3)
hui4
会议
meeting/ conference/ CL - 場|场[chang3],屆|届[jie4]
hui4 yi4
活动
to exercise/ to move about/ to operate/ activity/ loose/ shaky/ active/ movable/ maneuver/ to use connections/ CL - 項|项[xiang4],個|个[ge4]
huo2 dong4
活泼
lively/ vivacious/ brisk/ active
huo2 po5
fire/ CL - 把[ba3]
huo3
火车站
train station
huo3 che1 zhan4
获得
to obtain/ to receive/ to get
huo4 de2
或者
or/ possibly/ maybe/ perhaps
huo4 zhe3
机场
airport/ airfield/ CL - 家[jia1],處|处[chu4]
ji1 chang3
机会
opportunity/ chance/ occasion/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ji1 hui4
基础
base/ foundation/ basis/ underlying/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ji1 chu3
鸡蛋
(chicken) egg/ hen's egg/ CL - 個|个[ge4],打[da2]
ji1 dan4
激动
to excite/ to agitate/ exciting
ji1 dong4
几乎
almost/ nearly/ practically
ji1 hu1
积极
active/ energetic/ vigorous/ positive (outlook)/ proactive
ji1 ji2
积累
to accumulate/ accumulation/ cumulative/ cumulatively
ji1 lei3
extremely/ pole (geography, physics)/ utmost/ top
ji2
极其
extremely
ji2 qi2
集合
a congregation/ to gather/ a set
ji2 he2
及时
in time/ promptly/ without delay/ timely
ji2 shi2
即使
even if/ even though/ given that
ji2 shi3
how much/ how many/ several/ a few
ji3
to live (in a house)/ to lodge/ to mail/ to send/ to entrust/ to depend
ji4
记得
to remember
ji4 de5
记者
reporter/ journalist/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ji4 zhe3
计划
plan/ project/ program/ to plan/ to map out/ CL - 個|个[ge4],項|项[xiang4]
ji4 hua4
季节
time/ season/ period/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ji4 jie2
既然
since/ as/ this being the case
ji4 ran2
技术
technology/ technique/ skill/ CL - 門|门[men2],種|种[zhong3],項|项[xiang4]
ji4 shu4
继续
to continue/ to proceed with/ to go on with
ji4 xu4
home/ family/ classifier for families or businesses/ refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China/ noun suffix for specialists in some activity such as musician or revolutionary, corresponds to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian/ surname Jia/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jia1
家具
furniture/ CL - 件[jian4],套[tao4]
jia1 ju4
加班
to work overtime
jia1 ban1
加油站
gas station
jia1 you2 zhan4
fake/ false/ artificial/ to borrow/ if/ suppose
jia3
价格
price/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jia4 ge2
坚持
to continue upholding/ to remain committed to/ persistence/ to persist/ to uphold/ to insist on/ persevere
jian1 chi2
检查
inspection/ to examine/ to inspect/ CL - 次[ci4]
jian3 cha2
简单
simple/ not complicated
jian3 dan1
减肥
to lose weight
jian3 fei2
减少
to lessen/ to decrease/ to reduce/ to lower
jian3 shao3
item/ component/ classifier for events, things, clothes etc
jian4
健康
health/ healthy
jian4 kang1
见面
to meet/ to see sb/ CL - 次[ci4]
jian4 mian4
将来
in the future/ future/ the future/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jiang1 lai2
to speak/ to explain/ to negotiate/ to emphasise/ to be particular about/ as far as sth is concerned/ speech/ lecture
jiang3
奖金
premium/ award money/ a bonus
jiang3 jin1
降低
to reduce/ to lower/ to bring down
jiang4 di1
to teach
jiao1
to hand over/ to deliver/ to pay (money)/ to turn over/ to make friends/ to intersect (lines)
jiao1
交流
exchange/ give-and-take/ to exchange/ to alternate/ communication/ alternating current (electricity)
jiao1 liu2
交通
to be connected/ traffic/ communications/ liaison
jiao1 tong1
骄傲
arrogant/ full of oneself/ conceited/ proud of sth/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jiao1 ao4
angle/ corner/ horn/ horn-shaped/ unit of money equal to 0.1 yuan/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jiao3
foot/ leg/ base/ kick/ CL - 雙|双[shuang1],隻|只[zhi1]
jiao3
饺子
dumpling/ pot-sticker/ CL - 個|个[ge4],隻|只[zhi1]
jiao3 zi5
to shout/ to call/ to order/ to ask/ to be called/ by (indicates agent in the passive mood)
jiao4
教室
classroom/ CL - 間|间[jian1]
jiao4 shi4
教授
professor/ to instruct/ to lecture on/ CL - 個|个[ge4],位[wei4]
jiao4 shou4
教育
to educate/ to teach/ education
jiao4 yu4
to receive/ to answer (the phone)/ to meet or welcome sb/ to connect/ to catch/ to join/ to extend/ to take one's turn on duty/ take over for sb
jie1
接受
to accept/ to receive
jie1 shou4
街道
street/ CL - 條|条[tiao2]
jie1 dao4
结果
to bear fruit/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jie1 guo3
结婚
to marry/ to get married/ CL - 次[ci4]
jie2 hun1
结束
termination/ to finish/ to end/ to conclude/ to close
jie2 shu4
节目
program/ item (on a program)/ CL - 臺|台[tai2],個|个[ge4],套[tao4]
jie2 mu4
节日
holiday/ festival/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jie2 ri4
节约
to economize/ to conserve (resources)/ economy/ frugal
jie2 yue1
姐姐
older sister/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jie3 jie5
解决
to settle (a dispute)/ to resolve/ to solve
jie3 jue2
解释
explanation/ to explain/ to interpret/ to resolve/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jie3 shi4
to lend/ to borrow/ excuse/ pretext/ by means of/ to seize (an opportunity)/ to take (an opportunity)
jie4
介绍
to present/ to introduce/ to recommend/ to suggest/ to let know/ to brief
jie4 shao4
今天
today/ at the present/ now
jin1 tian1
尽管
despite/ although/ even though/ in spite of/ unhesitatingly/ do not hesitate (to ask, complain etc)/ (go ahead and do it) without hesitating
jin3 guan3
紧张
nervous/ keyed up/ intense/ tense/ strained/ in short supply/ scarce/ CL - 陣|阵[zhen4]
jin3 zhang1
near/ close to/ approximately
jin4
to advance/ to enter/ to come (or go) into/ to receive or admit/ to eat or drink/ to submit or present/ (used after a verb) into, in/ to score a goal
jin4
进行
to advance/ to conduct/ underway/ in progress/ to do/ to carry out/ to carry on/ to execute
jin4 xing2
禁止
to prohibit/ to forbid/ to ban
jin4 zhi3
精彩
brilliant/ splendid
jing1 cai3
精神
spirit/ mind/ consciousness/ thought/ mental/ psychological/ essence/ gist/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jing1 shen2
经常
day to day/ everyday/ daily/ frequently/ constantly/ regularly/ often
jing1 chang2
经过
to pass/ to go through/ process/ course/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jing1 guo4
经济
economy/ economic
jing1 ji4
经理
manager/ director/ CL - 個|个[ge4],位[wei4],名[ming2]
jing1 li3
经历
experience/ CL - 個|个[ge4],次[ci4]/ to experience/ to go through
jing1 li4
经验
to experience/ experience
jing1 yan4
京剧
Beijing opera/ CL - 場|场[chang3],出[chu1]
Jing1 ju4
警察
police/ policeman/ policewoman/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
jing3 cha2
竟然
unexpectedly/ to one's surprise/ in spite of everything/ in that crazy way/ actually/ to go as far as to
jing4 ran2
竞争
to compete/ competition
jing4 zheng1
镜子
mirror/ CL - 面[mian4],個|个[ge4]
jing4 zi5
究竟
after all (when all is said and done)/ actually/ outcome/ result
jiu1 jing4
nine/ 9
jiu3
(long) time/ (long) duration of time
jiu3
old/ opposite/ new 新/ former/ worn (with age)
jiu4
at once/ right away/ only/ just (emphasis)/ as early as/ already/ as soon as/ then/ in that case/ as many as/ even if/ to approach/ to move towards/ to undertake/ to engage in/ to suffer/ subjected to/ to accomplish/ to take advantage of/ to go with (of foods)/ with regard to/ concerning
jiu4
举办
to conduct/ to hold
ju3 ban4
举行
to hold (a meeting, ceremony etc)
ju3 xing2
拒绝
to refuse/ to decline/ to reject
ju4 jue2
距离
distance/ to be apart/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ju4 li2
句子
sentence/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ju4 zi5
觉得
to think/ to feel
jue2 de5
决定
to decide (to do something)/ to resolve/ decision/ CL - 個|个[ge4],項|项[xiang4]/ certainly
jue2 ding4
咖啡
coffee/ CL - 杯[bei1]
ka1 fei1
to open/ to start/ to turn on/ to boil/ to write out (a medical prescription)/ to operate (vehicle)/ abbr. for 開爾文|开尔文 degrees Kelvin
kai1
开始
to begin/ beginning/ to start/ initial/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
kai1 shi3
开玩笑
to play a joke/ to make fun of/ to joke
kai1 wan2 xiao4
to see/ to look at/ to read/ to watch/ to consider/ to regard as/ to view as/ to treat as/ to judge/ (after repeated verb) to give it a try/ depending on (how you're judging)/ to visit/ to call on/ to treat (an illness)/ to look after/ Watch out! (for a danger)
kan4
看法
way of looking at a thing/ view/ opinion/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
kan4 fa3
看见
to see/ to catch sight of
kan4 jian4
考虑
to think over/ to consider/ consideration
kao3 lv4
考试
exam/ CL - 次[ci4]
kao3 shi4
classifier for trees, cabbages, plants etc
ke1
科学
science/ scientific knowledge/ scientific/ CL - 門|门[men2],個|个[ge4],種|种[zhong3]
ke1 xue2
咳嗽
to cough/ CL - 陣|阵[zhen4]
ke2 sou5
thirsty
ke3
可爱
amiable/ cute/ lovely
ke3 ai4
可怜
pitiful/ pathetic
ke3 lian2
可能
might (happen)/ possible/ probable/ possibility/ probability/ maybe/ perhaps/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ke3 neng2
可是
but/ however
ke3 shi4
可惜
it is a pity/ what a pity/ (it's) too bad
ke3 xi1
可以
can/ may/ possible/ able to
ke3 yi3
quarter (hour)/ moment/ to carve/ to engrave/ to cut/ oppressive/ classifier for short time intervals
ke4
subject/ course/ class/ lesson/ CL - 堂[tang2],节|節[jie2],門|门[men2]
ke4
客人
visitor/ guest/ customer/ client/ CL - 位[wei4]
ke4 ren2
肯定
to be sure/ to be certain/ sure/ certain/ definite/ to confirm/ to affirm/ affirmative
ken3 ding4
空气
air/ atmosphere
kong1 qi4
空调
air conditioning
kong1 tiao2
恐怕
fear/ to dread/ I'm afraid that.../ perhaps/ maybe
kong3 pa4
mouth/ classifier for things with mouths (people, domestic animals, cannons, wells etc)
kou3
to cry/ to weep
ku1
bitter/ hardship/ pain/ to suffer/ painstaking
ku3
裤子
trousers/ pants/ CL - 條|条[tiao2]
ku4 zi5
lump (of earth)/ chunk/ piece/ classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc/ colloquial word for yuan (or other unit of currency such as Hong Kong or US dollar etc), usually as 塊錢|块钱
kuai4
rapid/ quick/ speed/ rate/ soon/ almost/ to make haste/ clever/ sharp (of knives or wits)/ forthright/ plain-spoken/ gratified/ pleased/ pleasant
kuai4
快乐
happy/ merry
kuai4 le4
筷子
chopsticks/ CL - 對|对[dui4],根[gen1],把[ba3],雙|双[shuang1]
kuai4 zi5
lenient/ wide/ broad
kuan1
to trap/ to surround/ hard-pressed/ stranded/ destitute
kun4
困难
(financial etc) difficulty/ problem/ issue/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
kun4 nan5
扩大
to expand/ to enlarge/ to broaden one's scope
kuo4 da4
to pull/ to play (string instruments)/ to drag/ to draw
la1
垃圾桶
rubbish bin
la1 ji1 tong3
hot (spicy)/ pungent
la4
to come/ to arrive/ to come round/ ever since/ next
lai2
来不及
there's not enough time (to do sth)/ it's too late (to do sth)
lai2 bu5 ji2
来得及
there's still time/ able to do sth in time
lai2 de5 ji2
blue/ indigo plant
lan2
lazy
lan3
浪费
to waste/ to squander
lang4 fei4
浪漫
romantic
lang4 man4
prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity/ old (of people)/ venerable (person)/ experienced/ of long standing/ always/ all the time/ of the past/ very/ outdated/ (of meat etc) tough
lao3
老虎
tiger/ CL - 隻|只[zhi1]
lao3 hu3
老师
teacher/ CL - 個|个[ge4],位[wei4]
lao3 shi1
(modal particle intensifying preceding clause)/ (completed action marker)
le5
tired/ weary/ to strain/ to wear out/ to work hard
lei4
cold
leng3
冷静
calm/ cool-headed
leng3 jing4
to leave/ to part from/ to be away from/ (in giving distances) from/ without (sth)/ independent of/ one of the eight trigrams of the Book of Changes representing fire (old)
li2
离开
to depart/ to leave
li2 kai1
lining/ interior/ inside/ internal/ also written 裡|里 [li3]
li3
理发
a barber/ hairdressing
li3 fa4
理解
to comprehend/ to understand/ comprehension/ understanding
li3 jie3
理想
a dream/ an ideal/ perfection/ ideal/ perfect/ desirable/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
li3 xiang3
礼貌
courtesy/ manners
li3 mao4
礼物
gift/ present/ CL - 件[jian4],個|个[ge4],份[fen4]
li3 wu4
厉害
difficult to deal with/ difficult to endure/ ferocious/ radical/ serious/ terrible/ violent/ tremendous/ awesome
li4 hai5
力气
strength/ CL - 把[ba3]
li4 qi5
例如
for example/ for instance/ such as
li4 ru2
历史
history/ CL - 門|门[men2],段[duan4]
li4 shi3
two (colloquial equivalent of 兩個|两个)/ both/ some
lia3
to link/ to join/ to connect/ continuously/ in succession/ including/ (used with 也, 都 etc) even/ company (military)
lian2
联系
connection/ contact/ relation/ in touch with/ to integrate/ to link/ to touch
lian2 xi4
face/ CL - 張|张[zhang1],個|个[ge4]
lian3
练习
exercise/ drill/ practice/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
lian4 xi2
凉快
nice and cold/ pleasantly cool
liang2 kuai5
both/ two/ ounce/ some/ a few/ tael/ weight equal to 50 grams
liang3
bright/ clear/ resonant/ to shine/ to show/ to reveal
liang4
classifier for vehicles
liang4
聊天
to chat/ to gossip
liao2 tian1
了解
to understand/ to realize/ to find out
liao3 jie3
邻居
neighbor/ next door/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
lin2 ju1
zero/ nought/ zero sign/ fractional/ fragmentary/ odd (of numbers)/ (placed between two numbers to indicate a smaller quantity followed by a larger one)/ fraction/ (in mathematics) remainder (after division)/ extra/ to wither and fall/ to wither
ling2
另外
additional/ in addition/ besides/ separate/ other/ moreover/ furthermore
ling4 wai4
to leave (eg a message)/ to retain/ to stay/ to remain/ to keep/ to preserve
liu2
留学
to study abroad
liu2 xue2
流泪
to shed tears
liu2 lei4
流利
fluent
liu2 li4
流行
to spread/ to rage (of contagious disease)/ popular/ fashionable/ prevalent/ (math.) manifold
liu2 xing2
six/ 6
liu4
house with more than 1 story/ storied building/ floor/ CL - 層|层[ceng2],座[zuo4],棟|栋[dong4]
lou2
road/ path/ way/ CL - 條|条[tiao2]
lu4
in confusion or disorder/ in a confused state of mind/ disorder/ upheaval/ riot/ illicit sexual relations/ to throw into disorder/ to mix up/ indiscriminate/ random/ arbitrary
luan4
旅游
trip/ journey/ tourism/ travel/ tour
lv3 you2
绿
green
lv4
律师
lawyer
lv4 shi1
妈妈
mama/ mommy/ mother/ CL - 個|个[ge4],位[wei4]
ma1 ma5
麻烦
inconvenient/ troublesome/ to trouble or bother sb/ to put sb to trouble
ma2 fan5
horse
ma3
马虎
careless/ sloppy/ negligent/ skimpy
ma3 hu5
马上
at once, right away, immediately/ lit. on horseback
ma3 shang4
(question tag)
ma5
to buy/ to purchase
mai3
to sell/ to betray/ to spare no effort/ to show off or flaunt
mai4
full/ filled/ packed/ fully/ completely/ quite/ to reach the limit/ to satisfy/ satisfied/ contented/ to fill/ abbr. for Manchurian
man3
满意
satisfied/ pleased/ to one's satisfaction
man3 yi4
slow
man4
busy/ hurriedly
mang2
cat/ CL - 隻|只[zhi1]
mao1
毛巾
towel/ CL - 條|条[tiao2]
mao2 jin1
帽子
hat/ cap/ CL - 頂|顶[ding3]
mao4 zi5
(negative prefix for verbs)/ have not/ not
mei2
没关系
it doesn't matter
mei2 guan1 xi5
each/ every
mei3
美丽
beautiful
mei3 li4
妹妹
younger sister/ fig. younger woman (esp. girl friend or rival)/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
mei4 mei5
gate/ door/ CL - 扇[shan4]/ gateway/ doorway/ CL - 個|个[ge4]/ opening/ valve/ switch/ way to do something/ knack/ family/ house/ (religious) sect/ school (of thought)/ class/ category/ phylum or division (taxonomy)/ classifier for large guns/ classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology
men2
dream/ CL - 場|场[chang2],個|个[ge4]
meng4
rice/ CL - 粒[li4]/ meter (classifier)
mi3
米饭
(cooked) rice
mi3 fan4
密码
code/ secret code/ password/ pin number
mi4 ma3
免费
free (of charge)
mian3 fei4
面包
bread/ CL - 片[pian4],袋[dai4],塊|块[kuai4]
mian4 bao1
面条
noodles
mian4 tiao2
民族
nationality/ ethnic group/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
min2 zu2
明白
clear/ obvious/ unequivocal/ to understand/ to realize
ming2 bai5
明天
tomorrow
ming2 tian1
名字
name (of a person or thing)/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ming2 zi5
母亲
mother/ also pr. with light tone [mu3 qin5]/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
mu3 qin1
目的
purpose/ aim/ goal/ target/ objective/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
mu4 di4
to hold/ to seize/ to catch/ to apprehend/ to take
na2
how/ which
na3
哪儿
where?/ wherever/ anywhere
na3 r5
that/ those/ then (in that case)/ commonly pr. nei4 before a classifier, esp. in Beijing
na4
那儿
there
na4 r5
奶奶
(informal) father's mother/ paternal grandmother/ CL - 位[wei4]
nai3 nai5
耐心
patient (adjective)
nai4 xin1
south
nan2
difficult (to...)/ problem/ difficulty/ difficult/ not good
nan2
难道
don't tell me .../ could it be that...?
nan2 dao4
难过
feel sorry/ be grieved
nan2 guo4
难受
to feel unwell/ to suffer pain/ to be difficult to bear
nan2 shou4
男人
a man/ a male/ men/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
nan2 ren2
(question particle for subjects already mentioned)
ne5
inside/ inner/ internal/ within/ interior
nei4
内容
content/ substance/ details/ CL - 個|个[ge4],項|项[xiang4]
nei4 rong2
to be able to/ to be capable of/ ability/ capability/ able/ capable/ can possibly/ (usually used in the negative) to have the possibility of
neng2
能力
capability/ capable/ able/ ability/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
neng2 li4
you (informal, as opposed to polite 您[nin2])
ni3
year/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
nian2
年级
grade/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
nian2 ji2
年龄
(a person's) age/ CL - 把[ba3],個|个[ge4]
nian2 ling2
年轻
young
nian2 qing1
bird/ CL - 隻|只[zhi1],群[qun2]
niao3
you (polite, as opposed to informal 你[ni3])
nin2
牛奶
cow's milk/ CL - 瓶[ping2],杯[bei1]
niu2 nai3
农村
rural area/ village/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
nong2 cun1
to do/ to manage/ to handle/ to play with/ to fool with/ to mess with/ to fix/ to toy with
nong4
努力
great effort/ to strive/ to try hard
nu3 li4
暖和
warm/ nice and warm
nuan3 huo5
女儿
daughter
nv3 er2
女人
woman
nv3 ren2
偶尔
occasionally/ once in a while/ sometimes
ou3 er3
爬山
to climb a mountain/ to mountaineer/ hiking/ mountaineering
pa2 shan1
排列
array/ arrangement/ permutation (i.e. ordered choice of n elements out of m)
pai2 lie4
盘子
tray/ plate/ dish/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
pan2 zi5
判断
to decide/ to determine/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
pan4 duan4
旁边
lateral/ side/ to the side/ beside
pang2 bian1
fat/ plump
pang4
跑步
to walk quickly/ to march/ to run
pao3 bu4
to accompany/ to keep sb company
pei2
朋友
friend/ CL - 個|个[ge4],位[wei4]
peng2 you5
批评
to criticize/ criticism/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
pi1 ping2
皮肤
skin/ CL - 種|种[zhong3]
pi2 fu1
啤酒
beer/ CL - 杯[bei1],瓶[ping2],罐[guan4],桶[tong3],缸[gang1]
pi2 jiu3
脾气
temperament/ disposition/ temper/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
pi2 qi4
sheet/ piece of writing/ bound set of bamboo slips used for record keeping (old)/ classifier for written items/ chapter, article
pian1
便宜
small advantages/ to let sb off lightly/ cheap/ inexpensive
pian2 yi5
to cheat/ to swindle/ to deceive/ to fool/ to hoodwink/ to trick
pian4
ticket/ ballot/ bank note/ CL - 張|张[zhang1]/ person held for ransom/ amateur performance of Chinese opera/ classifier for shipments and business transactions (topolect)
piao4
漂亮
pretty/ beautiful
piao4 liang5
乒乓球
table tennis/ ping-pong/ ping pong/ table tennis ball/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ping1 pang1 qiu2
苹果
apple/ CL - 個|个[ge4],顆|颗[ke1]
ping2 guo3
平时
in normal times/ in peacetime
ping2 shi2
瓶子
bottle/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
ping2 zi5
broken/ damaged/ worn out/ to break, split or cleave/ to get rid of/ to destroy/ to break with/ to defeat/ to capture (a city etc)/ to expose the truth of
po4
葡萄
grape
pu2 tao5
普遍
universal/ general/ widespread/ common
pu3 bian4
普通话
Mandarin (common language)/ Putonghua (common speech of the Chinese language)/ ordinary speech
pu3 tong1 hua4
seven/ 7
qi1
妻子
wife/ CL - 個|个[ge4]
qi1 zi5
to ride (an animal or bike)/ to sit astride
qi2
其次
next/ secondly
qi2 ci4
其实
actually, in fact, really
qi2 shi2
其他
other/ the others/ else/ other than (that person)/ in addition to the person mentioned above
qi2 ta1
其中