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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
___ are responsible for shivering
Muscle Spindles
Muscle Spindles record ___ (static or dynamic) and ____ muscle contractions (smoothing)
lenght, dampen
Sensory afferents travel ___ m/s; Gamma MN travel ___ m/s; Alpha travels ___m/s
30-120
10-45
15-120
Tendon organs respond to ___ and ___
Stretch and Contraction
Presence of an inhibitory interneuron is an example of ____
Reciprocal Antagonism
The Reciprocal Antagonism nociceptor branches ___ times while the Crossed-Extensor Reflex branches ___ times
3

3-5
___ are integrative elements in spinal ciruits
Interneurons
In Smooth Muscle ____ are the pts of attachement for the contractile proteins (has ER but no T-tubules)
Dense Bodies
Single-Unit Smooth Muscle has extensive ___, while Multi-Unit Smooth Muscle does not (more complex because each cell is connected to nerve- good control-eyeball movement)
Gap Junctions
To Activate or Prevent a contraction in smooth muscle ___ bonds to ____ which then all binds to ____ which activates ATP so that it can be phosphorylated
Ca, Calmodulin, MLCK (Myosin Light chain kinase)
Calcium increase and so does ___ and this develops force.
MLCK
___ is the on/off switch for smooth muscle contraction
MLCK
An increase in MLCK increases ____ and ____
Velocity and Tension
___ are resistance vessels
Arterioles
Blood Volume: ___% Systemic or ____%Pulmonary
84%Systemic
16%Pulmonary
0.00 at ___ to .03 at ___ to .12 at ___ to .16 at ____
AV node to SA node to Bundle of His to Purkinge Fibres
AP/min: SA__, AV___, Bundle of His ___
70-80
40-60
20-40
Heart Anatomy:
-
-
-
-
-
Pericardium, Pericardial Cavity, Epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
SV=__
Diff b/w EDV and ESV
Map = ___
=__x___
1/3Systolic
2/3Diastolic

CO x TPR
Intracellular Fluid =__
Extracellular Fluid =___
40%
20%
Flow = Pi x (p1-p2) x r4/ (8vl)
Poiseuille's law