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36 Cards in this Set

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Islam
Submission (surrender to the will of God), root of the word is Salam which means peace.
Allah
God
Muslim
One who submits to God and practices Islam.
Qur’an
The holy text revealed to Muhammad. A primary source.
Muhammad
The final prophet, received the Qur’an, a messenger, a man and an exemplar.
Adhan
The call for the daily prayers by a Mu’adhin.
Ali
The nephew of Muhammad who married Fatima and became the 4th caliph.
Ayat
Plural of Ayah = miracle or sign. Qur’an is a miracle, each verse or sentence is an Ayah (miracle).
Ayatollah
“Sign of God,” title of a high ranking Shii religious leader.
Caliph/Caliphate
For Sunni Muslims, successor of Muhammad as leader of the Islamic community.
Exemplar
One worthy of being imitated, a model.
Fatima
The first daughter of Muhammad who married her cousin Ali.
Hajj
Annual pilgrimage to Mecca required of all Muslims at least once in their lifetime if the means allow it.
Hijra
Migration: from a bad way of life to a righteous one; to seek sanctuary or freedom from religious persecution; emigration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE where he established rule of Muslim community-state.
Imam
“Leader,” prayer leader. Shii—successor of Prophet M, descendant of Ali who governs a divinely inspired religiopolitical leader of Islamic community.
Iman
Faith and trust in Allah. Religious belief or conviction in the fundamental doctrines of Islam.
Jihad
“strive, effort, struggle” to follow Islam, can include defense of the faith, armed struggle, personal struggle.
Mohammedan
An old term no longer used implying that Muhammad was like Christ in that he was divine and played the same role. Muhammad was human.
Qadi/Kadhi
Judge who administers Shariah law.
Khadija
The first wife of the Prophet Muhammad. An older women (20+yrs) a wealthy commercial merchant.
Mecca
Birth place of Muhammad. Location of the pilgrimage. An important commercial and religious centre. The Kaba is located in Mecca.
Medina
Where M moved to in 622, a Muslim community that M ruled over. An important center of trade, commerce and spread of Islam.
Ramadan
the holy month of prescribed fasting for the Muslims. It was during this month that the Quranic revelations began.
Salat
Official prayer or worship observed five times daily. Spiritual relationship and communication between the creature and his creator.
Sawm
Fasting, the 4th pillar of Islam which requires abstention from food and drink from dawn to sunset during the month of Ramadan the 9th month of the lunar calendar.
Shahada
Confession or profession of faith: “There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is His Prophet/Messenger.” Say it to convert to Islam.
Shari’ah
“path”, Islamic law.
Shi’a, Shii
“party or faction” of Ali, those Muslims who believe that Muhammad designated Ali and his rightful descendants as the true leaders of the Muslim community.
Shirk
Idolatry, polytheism, or associationism, to associate any other deity, person or thing with God.
Sunna
The way of life of the Prophet, the teachings of Muhammad a great source of spirituality for Muslims.
Surah
A chapter in the Qur’an. There are appx. 114 surrahs.
Tafsir
Interpretation or commentary of the surahs, human judgment.
Tawhid
Confirming the Oneness of Allah. It is the basis of Islam. Unity of God (absolute monotheism), Allah’s absolute sovereignty over the universe.
Ulama
Religious scholars or clergy. The learned, knowledgeable people in Islam.
Ummah
Islamic community, refers to the worldwide Muslim community.
Zakat
Annual alms tax or tithe of 2.5% levied on wealth and distributed to the poor. One of the five pillars of Islam.