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47 Cards in this Set

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Growth Hormone RH
GHRH


TROPIC HORMONE
Source : Hypothalamus
Target: Anterior Pituitary
Action : Inhibits release of hGH
Growth Hormone IH
(Somatostatin)
GHIH

TROPIC HORMONE
Source: Hypothalamus
Target: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates release of hGH
Thyrotropin RH
TRH


TROPIC HORMONE
Source: Hypothalamus
Target: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates the release of TSH & hGH
Gonadotropin RH
GnRH


TROPIC HORMONE
Source: Hypothalamus
Target: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates release of LH and FSH
Prolactin RH
PRH


TROPIC HORMONE
Source: Hypothalamus
Target: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates the release of PRL
Prolactin IH
(dopanmine)
PIH

TROPIC HORMONE
Source: Hypothalamus
Target: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Inhibits the release of PRL
Corticotropin RH
CRH


TROPIC HORMONE
Source: Hypothalamus
Target: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Stimulates the release of ACTH
Thyroid Stimulating H
(thyrotropin)
TSH

TROPIC HORMONE
Source: Anterior Pituitary
Target: Thyroid
Action: Stimulates the release of T3 and T4
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
ACTH


TROPIC HORMONE
Source: Anterior Pituitary
Target: Adrenal Cortex
Action: Stimulates the release of glucocorticoids
Follicle-stimulating Hormones
FSH


TROPIC HORMONE
Source: Anterior Pituitary
Target: Ovary, testes
Action: Regulates oogenesis and spermatogenesis
Luteinizing Hormone
LH

TROPIC HORMONE
Source: Anterior Pituitary
Target: Ovary, testes
Action: Regulates oogenesis & spermatogenesis
Prolactin PRL
Source:Anterior Pituitary
Target: Mammary Glands
Action:
Human growth H
hGH
Source: Anterior Pituitary
Target: Bone, muscle, various
Action: Stimulates growth
Oxytocin OT
Source: Posterior Pituitary
Target: Uterus, Mammary Glands
Action: Uterine contractions, release of milk
Anitdiuretic Hormone ADH
(Vasopressin)
Source: Posterior Pituitary
Target: Kidneys, sweat glands
Action: Increase water retention
Thyroxin T4
Source: Thyroid Gland
Target: Most Body cells
Action: Increases rate of cellular metabolism
Triiodothyronine T3
Source: Thyroid Gland
Target: Bone
Action: Increases rate of cellular metabolism
Calcitonin
Source: Thyroid Gland
Target: Bone
Action: Decreases blood Ca+
Parathyroid Hormone
PTH
Source: Parathyroid Gland
Target: Bones, kindeys, intestine
Action: Increases blood Ca+
Epinephrine NE
(adrenaline)
Source: Adrenal Medulla
Target: BV's, Liver, heart
Action: Increase blood sugar, vasosconstriction, flight response
Norepinephrine NE
(noradrenaline)
Source: Adrenal Medulla
Target: BV's, liver, heart
Action: Increase blood sugar, vasoconstriction, fight or flight response
Mineralcorticoids
(Aldosterone)
Source: Adrenal Cortex
Target: Kidneys
Action: Increases reabsorpiton of Na+ exretion of K+
Glucocorticoids
(Cortisol)
Source: Adrenal Cortex
Target: Most body cells
Action: increases blood sugar
Androgens
(DHEA)
Source: Adrenal Cortex
Target: General
Action: Stimulates onset of puberty, female sex drive
Glucagon
Secreted by ALPHA cells
Source: Pancreas
Target: Liver
Action: Increases blood sugar
Insulin
Secreted by BETA cells
Source: Pancreas
Target: Liver, muscle, adipose
Action: Decreases blood sugar
Somatostatin
Secreted by DELTA cells
Source: Pancreas
Target: Alpha & Beta cells
Action: inhibits insulin & glucagon release
Pancreatic Polypeptied
Secreted by F cells
Source: Pancreas
Target: Delta Cells
Action: inhibits samtostatin & pancreatic enzymes
Estrogen
Source: Ovaries
Target: Uterus, general
Action: Menstrual cycle, secondary sex characteristics
Progesterone
Source: Ovaries
Target: Uterus
Action: Regulates menstrual cycle, pregnancy
Relaxin
Source: Ovaries
Target: Pelvis, uterus
Action: Dilates cervix & birth canal
Inhibin
Source: Ovaries
Target: Anterior Pituitary
Action: Inhibits FSH release
Melatonin
Source: Pineal
Target: Various
Action: Regulates biological clock
Eryhropoietin
Source: Kidney
Target: Bone marrow
Action: increases blood cell production
Calcitrol
(Vitamin D)
Source: Kidney
Target: Intestine
Action: Increases Ca+ absorption
Estrogen
Source: Placenta
Target: Uterus
Action: Maintains pregnancy, Mammary glands
Progesterone
Source: Placenta
Target: uterus
Action: Maintains, pregnancy, Mammary glands
hCG
Source: Placenta
Target: Ovary
Action: Stimulates release of estrogen & progesterone
hCS
Source: Placenta
Target: Mammary glands
Action: Prepares mammary glands for lactation
Gastrin
Source: GI tract
Target: Stomach
Action: Stimulates the HCl release
Gastrin Inhibitory Peptide
GIP
Source: GI tract
Target: Stomach, pancreas
Action: Inhibits gastric juice release, increases insulin
Secretin
Source: GI tract
Target: pancreas, liver
Action: Stimulates release of enzymes & bile
Cholecystokinin
CCK
Source: GI tract
Target: Pancreas, liver
Action: Stimulates release of enzymes 7 bile
Serotonin
Source: GI tract
Target: Stomach
Action: Stimulates stomach muscles contraction
Atrial Natriuretic Peptide
ANP
Source: Heart
Target: Kidney, adrenal cortex
Action: decrease blood pressure
Prostaglandins PG
Source: Most cells
Target: All cells except RBC's
Action: various
Leukotrienes LT
Source: Most cells
Target: All cells except RBC's
Action: various