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44 Cards in this Set

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name a binary ionic compound
-write name of first element
-if 1st has multiple oxidation levels-include roman numeral
-second element has end 'ide'
ternary ionic compounds
-contains three diff. elements
-usually polyatomic ion
-'ate' and 'ite' ending
molecular formulas
represent kinds and #'s of atoms present in a molecule of a compund
formula units
simplest whole--# of ratio ions in the compound
-a metal and non-metal
polyatomic ions
three of more
binary compounds
2 elements
-positive (cation) charge is written first
molecules
smallest electrcally neutral unit of a substance
-2 or more atoms
diatomic molecule
the 1-7 rule
-nitrogen to iodine
ions
atoms or groups that have poitive/negative charge
-caused by lossing or gaining an atom
cation
positive
anion
negative
ionic compound
compunds composed of cations and anions
-metal and nonmetal
alkali metals
group 1A
alkaline earth metals
group 2A
transition metals
group 3-12
nonmetals
upper right corner
halogens
group 17A
metalloids
share side with stair steps
Ammonium
NH ⁺₄
Hydronium
H ₃O ⁺ or H ⁺
Nitrate
NO⁻₃
Hydroxide
OH
Hydrogen Carbonate
HCO⁻₃
Carbonade
COⁱⁱ ⁻ ₃
Sulfate
SOⁱⁱ ⁻ ₄
Sulfite
SOⁱⁱ ⁻ ₃
Phosphate
POⁱⁱⁱ⁻ ₄
Cyanide
CN ⁻
mass-moles
mass(g)/total mass

12gH ₂O/9 18g H ₂O
m/c-mol
m/c / 6,02 * 10^23
mol-m/c
mol * 6.02*10^23
mol-Liters
mol*22.4
Liter-mol
liter/ 22.4
% of comparison
H ₂O =18g
%H 2/18 * 100 =11.1
%O 16/18 * 100 =88.9
Empirical form
take % and / by atomic weight
avocadro's number
6.02*10^23
net ionic equations
1-break down
2-get rid of spectators
3-balance
synthesis(conbination)
A+B=AB
decomposition
AB=A+B
Single Replacement
element+compound=element+compound
Double Replacement
compound+compound=compound+compound
combustion
produce CO2 and H2O
exothermic reaction
(candle)--reactants higher than products;
-rise is activation energy
-tip is activated complex
-relase is energy released
endothermic reaction
(sports ice pack)--reactants lower than products
-rise is activation level
-activation complew