Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/67

Click to flip

67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
A-
WITHOUT
Abiotic means without life
AERO
AIR
Aerobic means that something needs air (oxygen).
ALB
WHITE
Albinos are usually very white because they have no pigment in their skin or fur.
ANTE
BEFORE
Anterior is the part of the body that is in the front or before... first.
ANTHRO
MAN
Anthropomorphic is when human qualities or motivations are incorrectly imposed on animals or other objects. Ex. That dolphin must be happy because it seems to smile.
ANTI
AGAINST
The word antibiotic means "against life" because it kills living bacteria.
AQUA
Water
Aquatic plants live in fresh or saltwater.
ARCHAE
ANCIENT
Archaeology or archeology is the science of ancient things.
ARTHRO
Joint
Arthritis is the painful inflamation of the joints.
AUTO
SELF
Autotrophs are organisms that can make their own food. Ex. Plants are autotrophs.
AVI
Bird
The class Aves contains all the birds. Aviation means to fly like a bird.
BENTHOS
Depth of the ocean
Benthic animals live in the deep ocean regions.
BI
Two
Humans are bipedal because they walk on two feet.
BIO
Life or Living
Biology is the study of living organisms
CALOR
HEAT
A calorie is a unit of measure pertaining to food and how much heat producing energy it contains.
CARBO
Carbon
A carbohydrate is a chemical that contains carbon and hydrogen which is used is converted to energy by living organisms.
CARDIO
Heart
A cardiologist is a doctor that specializes in the heart.
CARCIN
Ulcer or Cancer
A carcinogen is something that causes cancer. A cancer was originally considered anything that caused a sore or ulcer.
CARNI
Flesh
Carnivores eat flesh. Ex. Lions are carnivores.
CENT
1/100TH
A centimeter is 1/100TH of a meter.
CENTRI OR CENTRO
Center
Centripetal means to move towards the center or axis. Ex. A sunflower is centripetal in that the largest and oldest petals are on the outside of the flower. They get progressively smaller and younger closer to the center of the flower.
CEPHALO
HEAD
Some animals exhibit cephalization, meaning that they have an anterior "head" region. Other animals are acephalic and do not have this. Ex. Insects exhibit cephalization but starfish do not.
CIDE
Kill
Insecticides kill insects.
CHEMO
CHEMICAL
Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or drugs that are selectively destructive to malignant cells and tissues.
CHLORO
Green
Chlorophyll is the chemical pigment in plants that give the leaves their green color and allow them to do photosynthesis.
CHROMO
COLOR
A chromatophore is a special cell that contains pigments to produce color in an organism. Ex. Some lizards have chromatophores that expand and contract to allow them to change color.
CILI
HAIR
Cilia are hairlike structures that extend from the surface of some cells.
CLIMA
The climate
A climatologist studies the climate. A climate is the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time. Ex. Our climate is one of hot and humid summers and mild winters.
CO-
With
When we work in cooperative groups we must work/operate with each other.
COEL
Hollow
Some animals, like humans have a coelom. This is a hollow cavity where organs are usually found. Our intestines are one organ found in our coelom.
CON
TOGETHER or WITH
A congential defect is when a baby is born with a defect that happened as they developed in the womb.
CONTRA
AGAINST
Contraception is something that works against pregnacy.
CRYPT
HIDDEN
Cryptozoology is supposed to be the study of creatures, such as the Sasquatch/Bigfoot, whose existence has not been substantiated.
CYST
POUCH
A cyst is a sac of tissue that contains a gas, liquid, or semisolid substance. Ex. The cyst on the woman's hand was removed by the doctor.
CULE
SMALL
A molecule is the smallest particle of a substance that retains the chemical and physical properties of the substance and is composed of two or more atoms.
CYTO
CELL
A cytologist studies cells.
DECA
TEN
A crustacean of the order Decapoda, such as a crab, lobster, or shrimp, characteristically having ten legs, each joined to a segment of the thorax.
DENT-
TOOTH
A dentist is a doctor that specializes in teeth.
DERM
SKIN
The epidermis is the outer layer of skin.
DESMA
A BAND OR BOND
Plasmodesmata are holes in the cell walls of plant cells. They allow materials to flow from one cell to another and in that sense bond them together.
DETRIT
WEAR OFF
Detritus is the loose matter resulting from the wearing away or disintegration of a tissue or substance. Ex. The forest floor was full of detritus made up of dead and decaying leaves.
DI
TWO
A diplococcus bacteria is one that is made up of two spherical cells attached together.
DIS
APART
Disjunction occurs when chromosomes pull apart as cells divide.
DYS
BAD
Muscular dystrophy is a disease which weakens and destroys muscles.
ECO
HOME
Ecology is the branch of science that is concerned with the relationships between organisms and their environments...or their "homes" in the world.
ECHINO
SPINY
Echinoderms have a spiny skin.
ENDO
INSIDE
The endodermis is the inside layer of tissue in plants.
EPI
UPON
You epidermis is your skin which is upon your body.
EQUI
EQUAL
A chemical equation should be balanced on each side in that there should be an equal number of the same kinds of atoms on the reactant and the product sides.
EU
GOOD
Euphoria is a good feeling of great happiness or well-being.
EXO OR EXTRA
Outside
Insects have exoskeletons. They have an outer shell or plates that give them support and structure instead of an endoskeleton of bones such as humans have.
FERTIL
Fruitful
Mules occur when a horse and donkey are mated. Mules themselves are not fertile because they cannot produce offspring.
FLAGELL
WHIP
Flagella are long whiplike structures that extend from some cells. Sperm have flagella.
GAMET
WIFE, HUSBAND
Women and men both produce gametes (or sex cells). Women produce eggs and men produce sperm.
GASTRO
STOMACH
A gastrologist studies and treats problems with the digestive system... particularly the stomach.
GEN, GENO
BORN, PRODUCING
All of the offspring that are born at the same stage of descent from a common ancestor: Mother and daughters represent two generations.
GEO
EARTH
Geology is the scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth.
GLUCOS
SWEET
Glucose is a simple sugar that serves as the major energy source of the body; it occurs in most plant and animal tissue. Also called blood sugar.
GLYCO
SWEET
Glycogen: A complicated sugar that is the main form of carbohydrate storage in animals and occurs mainly in liver and muscle tissue; it is readily converted to glucose. Also called animal starch.
GYMNO
NAKED
Gymnosperm: A plant that bears naked seeds (i. e., seeds not inclosed in an ovary), such as the common pine tree.
GYN
WOMAN
Gynecology: The branch of medicine dealing with health care for women, especially the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive organs.
HAPLO
SINGLE
Haploid: Having a single set of chromosomes.
HEMO
BLOOD
Hematology is the study of the blood.
HEMI
HALF
A the brain consist of two hemispheres; the right and the left.
HERB
NON WOODY PLANT
A plant whose stem does not produce woody, persistent tissue and generally dies back at the end of each growing season.
HETERO
DIFFERENT
Heterosexual: Of or relating to different sexes.
HOMO- HOMEO
MAN OR SAME
A homogenenous mixture is evenly mixed. Store bought milk is homogenous, but vegetable soup is not.