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105 Cards in this Set

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# OF BONDS ATOM FORMS IS DETERMINED BY
THE AMOUNT OF SPACE IN THE ELECTRON SHELL
IONIC BOND
DONATES/ RECIEVES ELECTRONS
ION
ATOM THAT IS DONATING/ RECIEVING ELECTRONS
COVALENT
SHARED ELECTRONS
E.G. WATER
POLAR COVALENT BOND
ONE SIDE OF A MOLECULE IS SLIGHTLY POSITIVE/ OTEHR SIDE IS SLIGHTLY NEGATIVE

MORE ELECTRONS = MORE NEGATIVE
COHESION
SAME KIND OF MOLECULES ARE ATTRACTED TO ONE ANOTHER
ADHESTION
ONE MOLECULE IS STUCK TO ANOTHER KIND OF MOLECULE
CARBON
CAN FORM UP TO 4 BONDS

CAN FORM DOUBLE/ SINGLE/ TRIPLE BONDS
HYDROCARBONS
ORGANIC MOLECULES COMPOSED OF ONLY CARBON AND HYDROGEN
IN OUR BODIES, ENERGY STORING FAT MOLECULES CONTAIN
LONG HYDROCARBON CHAINS
ISOTOPES
SAME NUMBER OF PROTONS- DIFFRENT NUMBER OF NEUTRONS
EXAMPLE OF ISOTOPE
RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES
BIOTIC FACTORS
LIVING MATTER
ABIOTIC FACTORS
NON-LIVING MATTER
PROKARYOTES
CELLS WITHOUT NUCLEI, DNA FLOATING IN CELLS
Eukaryotes
Evolved more over time from the prokaryotes; more complex
Primary consumer
Eats producer directly
Secondary consumer
Could eat primary and or consumer
CHONPS
Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Phosphorous
Sulfur
Our body is ____% oxygen
65
Our body is ___% carbon
20
Monomer
Single repeating units
Each time a monomer is added to a chain,
a water molecule is released
Polymer
Long chain of monomers
Carbs
Made of sugar molecules
Formula of Carbs
CH20
Almost all carbs are______
hydrophilic
Ex: of lipids
fats, oil, wax
Protein creates
Structure
Make sup hair, nails, and muscles
Nucleic acid makes
Genetic material
Eukaryotes
Evolved more over time from the prokaryotes; more complex
Primary consumer
Eats producer directly
Secondary consumer
Could eat primary and or consumer
CHONPS
Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Phosphorous
Sulfur
Our body is ____% oxygen
65
Our body is ___% carbon
20
Monomer
Single repeating units
Each time a monomer is added to a chain,
a water molecule is released
Polymer
Long chain of monomers
Carbs
Made of sugar molecules
Formula of Carbs
CH20
Almost all carbs are______
hydrophilic
Ex: of lipids
fats, oil, wax
Protein creates
Structure
Make sup hair, nails, and muscles
Nucleic acid makes
Genetic material
Solute
What's being disolved
Solvent
What's doing the dissolving
This is a univeral solvent
Water
Acids
Hydrogen ions
Alkaline
Bases
Sugar molecules are main fuel supple for
Cellular work
Maltose Formula
Glucose+ Glucose
Sucrose Formula
Glucose+ Fructose
Lactose Formula
Galactose+ Glucose
Monosaccharides are
Sugar Units
All monosaccharides are
Carbs
Monosaccharide formula
C6 H12 06
Examples of Monosaccharides
Glucose
Fructose
Galactose
Dissacharides are
Double sugars formed from 2 monosachharides
Formula for Disaccharide
C12 H22 011
Eukaryotes
Evolved more over time from the prokaryotes; more complex
Primary consumer
Eats producer directly
Secondary consumer
Could eat primary and or consumer
CHONPS
Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Phosphorous
Sulfur
Our body is ____% oxygen
65
Our body is ___% carbon
20
Monomer
Single repeating units
Each time a monomer is added to a chain,
a water molecule is released
Polymer
Long chain of monomers
Carbs
Made of sugar molecules
Formula of Carbs
CH20
Almost all carbs are______
hydrophilic
Ex: of lipids
fats, oil, wax
Protein creates
Structure
Make sup hair, nails, and muscles
Nucleic acid makes
Genetic material
Examples of disaccharides
Maltose
Sucrose
Lactose
_______ is the most common disaccharide
Sucrose
Polysacharides are
Complex carbs
Example os polysaccharides
Starch
Chitin
Glycogen
Cellulose
Glycogen is
A chain of glucose molecules in ANIMALS
What does the body do when it needs energy?
It breaks down glycogen granuels
Human's can't digest this
Cellulose
Function of cellulose
Protects cells and stiffens plans, preventing it from flopping
Cellulose is NOT a _______
Nutrient
What is cellulose made of
Glucose monomers
Fiber
Cellulose from plant foods
Organic molecules
Most carbon-based
Inorganic molecules
Non-carbon based
Examples of inorganic molecules
Water
Oxygen
Ammonia
Building block for carbs
Monosaccharides
Building block for a lipid
3 fatty acids and a glycerol
Building block for a protein
Amino acid
Building block for a nucleic acid
Nucleotide
Starch =
Storage form of glucose in plants
Chitin
Makes ecoskeletn of all crustaceans
Dehydration synthesis
When 2 monomers are put together chemically, a water molecule is released
Functional groups
Help identify organic molecules and behavior
These are groups of elements put together
Functional group
OH
Hydroxyl group
C=O
Carbonul
COOH
Carboxyl
NH3
Anime
Formula for Carbs
CH20
Elements in Carbs
Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Isomers
Same chemical formuls, but different structural formula

e.g. glucose, galactose, fructose