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26 Cards in this Set

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allegory
characters, settings, and events stand for abstract ideas or moral qualities
*hawthorne's dr heidegger's experiment
alliteration
repition of the same or similar sounds in words that are close together
*Longfellow's The Tide Rises the tide falls
allusion
reference to someone/something that is known from history, literature, culture, etc
*mary rowlandson's narrative of the captivity-references to the bible
analogy
comparison made between 2 things to show how they are alike
*Thomas Paine's Crisis no.1-compares king to a theif
anecdote
brief story told to illustrate a point or serve as an example of something
*Paine's Crisis no.1-tavern keeper and his child
aphorism
brief, clearly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life
*Benjamin Franklin's Poor Richard's Almanack
archetype
very old imaginative pattern that appears in literature across cultures and is repeated throughout the ages
*the devil and tom walker-man sells soul to devil
assonance
repetition of similar vowel sounds
conceit
elaborate metaphor or other figure of speech that compares two things that are startingly different
consonance
repetition of the same or similar final consonat sounds of accented syllables/important words
deism
18th century philosophy based on rationalism, believed god created world and natural law, many founders of US were deists
foot
metrical unit of poetry, contains at least one stressed syllable and one or more unstressed syllables

*longfellow's the tide rises the tide falls
iamb
metrical foot in poetry that has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

*longfellows the tide rises the tide falls
internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry or within consecutive rhymes
inversion
reversal of the normal word order in a sentence or phrase

*William Cullen Bryant-Thanoptsis
meter
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
*longfellow-the tide rises the tide falls
onomatopoeia
word whose sound imitates/suggests its meaning
*poe's the raven
parallelism
the repetition of words/phrases that have similar grammatical structure
*jonathan edwards-sinners int he hands of an angry god
rationalism
belief that human beings can arrive at the truth by reason rather than by relying on the authority of the past, religious faith, or intuition
*declaration of independece based on rationalist principles
rhetorical question
question that is asked for effect and that doesnt actually require an answer
*patrick henry-virginia convention
romanticism
revolt against rationalism that affected literature and the other arts, intution, imagination, and emotion are superior to reason
satire
type of writing that ridicules the short comings of people or institutions in an attempt to bring out a change
*poor richards almanack
scanning
the analysis of a poem to determine its meter
sonnet
14 line poem, usually in iambic pentameter

*longfellow-the cross of snow
spondee
metrical food consisting of 2 syllables both of which are stressed
*longfellows-the tide rises the tide falls
transcentalism
19th century movement in romantic tradition-every individual can reach ultimate truths through spiritual intuition