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30 Cards in this Set

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developing countries
Countries in different stages of moving toward development
third-world countries
Developing countries that lack economic opportunities
free enterprise
An economic system in which people, not government, decide what to make, sell, or buy,
market economy
An economy in which consumers help determine what is to be produced by buying or not buying certain goods and services
command economy
An economy in which the government owns most of the industries and makes most of the economic decisions
tradition-based economy
Exchange of goods or services based on custom and tradition
mixed economy
An exchange of goods and services based on at least two other types of economic systems
one-crop economy
Economy based on a single crop, such as bananas, sugarcane, or cacao
exports
Products a country sells to other countries
imports
Products a country buys from other countries
interdependence
Depending on another country for resources or goods and services
birthrate
Number of births per 1,000 people in a year
death rate
Number of deaths per 1,000 people in a year
population density
The average number of people living within a square mile or square kilometer
overpopulation
More people than a region or country can self-support
migration
Movement of people
emigrant
Person who leaves one place for another
immigrant
Person who arrives from another country
globalization
Process in which connections around the world increase and cultures around the world share similar practices
popular culture
Widely shared beliefs, tastes, goals, and practices
refugees
People who flee to another country, usually for economic or political reasons
famine
A great shortage of food
humanitarian aid
Medicine, food, and shelter that international relief agencies give to people in need
droughts
Periods when little rain falls and crops are damaged
contiguous
Units, such as states, that connect to or border each other
Continental Divide
The crest of the Rocky Mountains that divides North America’s rivers into those that flow eastward and those that flow westward
basins
Regions surrounded by mountains or other higher land
colonies
Territories controlled by people from a foreign land
plantations
Large farms that grow mainly one crop to sell
annexed
Formally adding a state or territory to a larger country