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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Definiton of complement
A complement is a word or word group that completes the meaning of a verb.
DO's and IO's (objects of verbs) complete meaning of transaitve verbs.
PN's and PA's (subject complements) complete meaning of linking verbs.
Definition of direct object
DO: A direct object is a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of the verb.
Definition of indirect object...
And the most important rule about IO's
IO: An idirect object is a noun, pronoun, or word group that sometimes appears in sentences containing direct objects. The IO comes between the verb and the DO in a sentence.
A DO can be without an IO, but an IO must have a DO.
Definition of subject compliment
A subject compliment is a word or word group that completes the meaning of a linking verb and that idenitifies (renames) or describes the subject.
Definiton of predicate nominative
PN: A predicate nominative i sa word or word group that is in the predicate an dthat identifies the subject of refers to it.
Definition of predicate adjective
PA: A predicate adjective is an adjective that is in the predicate and that describes the subject.
Write and diagram 10 sentences with a DO.
1. The cow won the race.
2. My friend got an award for her English skills.
3. I gave my best friend a present for her birthday.
4. He threw the ball.
5. The girl ran five miles in 35 minutes.
6. He dribbled the basketball, then shot it towards the goal.
7. The alumnai hugged old friends after many years.
8. The keyboard made a click with each press of a key.
9. The girl pressed the shell against her ear.
10. Mary printed the document.
Write and diagram 10 sentences with a IO.
1. I read the class my essay.
2. My mom told me about her life at GPS.
3. My Dad gave my sister and I our allowance for the week.
4. I gave my mom and dad a card for their anniversary.
5. The teacher told the class about the test.
6. The coach of the swim team showed the new members the proper strokes.
7. The contracter told his partner about his newest project.
8. My mom told me about her substitute teaching.
9. Jenna explained to her teacher the contents of her unique report.
10. She told the coach her reason for not running.
Write and diagram 10 sentences with a PN.
1. She is a swimmer.
2. My highest grade ever was 105.
3. My best subject is English.
4. J. K. Rowling is the author of Harry Potter.
5. My sister will be Mulan for Halloween.
6. He is a photographer and a director.
7. Mr. Tucker is the headmaster.
8. The disc is a file of all my pictures.
9. Anita is an incredible artist.
10. Archer is a student at GPS.
Write and diagram 10 sentences with a PA.
1. The farmer seems especially drowsy.
2. Viv is very funny.
3. The folder is orange.
4. Her buisness is booming.
5. The chicken is mild.
6. The game is boring.
7. That child is very sleepy.
8. My CD player is coverd in rinestones.
9. The book is very good.
10. My sister is very loud and annoying.
Describe DO's.
-DO's answer the question "Whom?" or "What?" after a transative verb.
-A DO is never part of a preposiotional phrase.
-A DO may be compound.
-A DO can never complete the meaning of a linking verb because a linking verb does not express action.
-When diagramming, DO's go to the right of the verb, separated with a vertical bar.
Describe IO's.
-An IO tells "to whom" or "to what" or "for whom" or "for what" the action of the verb is done.
-An IO may be compound.
-Linking verbs do not have IO's.
-An IO is never in a prepositional phrase.
-When diagramming, the IO goes under the verb on a horizontal bar hanging off a diagonal bar under the verb.
Describe PN's.
-PN's may be a noun, pronoun, or a word group that is in teh predicate and that functions as a noun.
-A PN completes the meaning of a linking verb.
-PN's do not appear in prepositional phrases.
-PN's may be compound.
-When diagramming, PN's are to the right of the verb separated with a left-slanting bar.
Describe PA's.
-A PA completes the meaning of a linking verb.
-A PA is an adjective that describes the subject.
-PA's may be compuond.
-When diagramming, you put the PA to the right of the verb and separate them with a left-slanting bar with an arrow on top.
Summarize the chapter.
This chapter covers complements. All complements have some similar traits:
-They complete the meaning of a verb, whether action or linking.
-The can be compund.
-They always come after the verb.
Each of the four different types of complements have their own traits, as well.