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97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the opening of the olfactory nerve?
cribifrom plate
What type of nerve is the olfactory nerve?
afferent
What tissue does the ofactory nerve innervate?
nose for smelling
What is the opening of the optic nerve?
optic canal
What type of nerve is the optic nerve?
afferent
What tissue does the optic nerve innervate?
eye for sight
What is the opening of the oculomotor nerve?
superior orbital fissure
What type of nerve is the oculomotor?
efferent
What tissue does the oculomotor innervate?
movement of the eye muscles
What is the openeing of the trochlear nerve?
superior oribital fissure
What type of nerve is the trochlear nerve?
efferent
What tissue does the trochlear nerve innervate?
movement of the eye muscles
What is the opening of the opthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve?
superior orbital fissure
What type of nerve is the opthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve?
afferent
What is the opening of the maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve?
foramen rotundum
What type of nerve is the maxillary branch of the trigeminal nerve?
afferent
What is the opening of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve?
foramen ovale
What type of nerve is the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve?
afferent/efferent
What is the opening of the abducens nerve?
superior orbital fissure
What type of nerve is the abducens nerve?
efferent
What tissue does the abducens nerve innervate?
movement of the eye muscles
What is the opening of the facial nerve?
internal acoustic meatus
stylomastoid foramen
What type of the nerve is the facial nerve?
afferent/efferent
What is the opening of the vestibulocochlear nerve?
internal acoustic meatus
What type of nerve is the vestibulocochlear nerve?
afferent
What tissue does the vestibulocochlear nerve innervate?
hearing and balance
What is the opening of the glossopharyngeal nerve?
jugular foramen
What type of nerve is the glossopharyngeal nerve?
afferent/efferent
What is the opening of the vagus nerve?
jugular foramen
What type of nerve is the vagus nerve?
afferent/efferent
What tissues does the vagus nerve innervate?
controls organs in the abdominal and thoracic cavity
What is the opening of the accessory nerve?
jugular foramen
What type of nerve is the accessory nerve?
efferent
What tissue does the accessory nerve innervate?
controls movement of the cervical muscles
(trapezius, SCM)
What is the opening of the hypoglossal nerve?
hypoglossal canal
What type of nerve is the hypoglossal nerve?
efferent
What tissue does the hypoglossal nerve innervate?
controls the muscles of the tongue (extrinsic and intrinsic)
What are the 3 branches of the opthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve?
frontal nerve, lacrimal nerve, and nasocilliary nerve
What branch of the opthalmic nerve innervates the forehead, anterior scalp, bridge of the nose, and medial portion of the upper eyelid?
frontal nerve
What branch of the opthalmic nerve innervates the lateral portion of the upper eyelid, conjuctiva, and lacrimal gland?
lacrimal nerve
What branch of the opthalmic nerve innervates the side of the nose, eyeball, nasal cavity, nasal septum, and nasal sinus?
nasocilliary nerve
The zygomatic nerve of the maxillary branch has what two parts?
zygomaticofacial nerve
zygomaticotemporal nerve
What is the innervation of the zygomaticofacial nerve of the zygomatic nerve of the maxillary branch?
skin of the cheeck
What is the innervation of the zygomaticotemporall nerve of the zygomatic nerve of the maxillary branch?
skin of temporal region
What does the infraorbital nerve of the maxillary branch innervate?
upper lip, side of the nose, medial portion of cheek, and lower eye lid
What are the two branches off of the infraorbital nerve?
anterior superior alveolar nerve
middle superior alveolar nerve
What does the anterior superior alveolar nerve of the infraorbital nerve innervate?
1.maxillary incisors and canines
2.buccal soft tissue
3. when MSA not present, premolars (72%)
What does the middle superior alveolar nerve of the infraorbital nerve innervate?
1. premolar teeth
2. buccal soft tissue
3. mesial buccal root (28%)
What does the posterior superior alveolar nerve innervate?
1. maxillary molars (72%)
2. buccal soft tissue
What is the route of the greater palatine nerve?
travels through pterygopalatine ganglion enters the maxilla and leaves the bone through the greater palatine foramen
What does the greater palatine nerve innervate?
soft tissue of the hard palate from 3rd molar to distal of canine to the midline
What is the route of the lesser palatine nerve?
travels through the pterygopalatine ganglion and leaves the bone through the lesser palatine foramen
What does the lesser palatine nerve innervate?
soft tissue of the soft palate
What is the route of the nasopalatine nerve?
travels through the pterygopalatine ganglion ande leaves the bone through the incisive foramen
What does the nasopalatine nerve innervate?
soft tissue of the hard palate from the distal of the canine to the mesial of the central incisor
What are considered the 5 nerves of the maxillary branch of the opthalmic nerve that branch off in the region of the pterygomaxillary fissure?
zygomatic nerve, posterior superior alveolar nerve, greater palatine nerve, lesser palatine nerve, and nasopalatine nerve
What is another name for the lesser palatine nerve and foramen?
posterior palatine nerve and foramen
What is another name for the greater palatine nerve and foramen?
anterior palatine nerve and foramen
Of the 5 nerves that branch off the maxillary nerve, which come off the ganglion?
greater palatine, lesser palatine, and nasopalatine
What is the largest of the 3 branches of the opthalmic nerve?
mandibular nerve
What nerves make up the undivided area of the mandibular nerve?
meningeal nerve
medial pterygoid nerve
What does the meningeal nerve of the mandibular nerve innervate?
afferent nerve to the meninges of the brain
(dura, pia, and arachnoid mater)
What does the medial pterygoid nerve of the mandibular nerve innervate?
efferent to the medial pterygoid muscle
(muscle of mastication)
What are the nerves of the anterior nerve of the mandibular branch of opthalmic nerve?
long buccal nerve
deep temporal nerve
masseteric nerve
lateral pterygoid nerve
What does the long buccal nerve of the mandibular nerve innervate?
afferent nerve to the buccal soft tissue of the mandibular molars
What does the deep temporal nerve of the mandibular nerve innervate?
efferent nerve to the temporalis muscle
What does the masseteric muscle of the mandibular nerve innervate?
efferent nerve to the masseter muscle
What does the lateral pterygoid muscle nerve of the mandibular branch innervate?
efferent nerve to the lateral pterygoid muscle
What are the branches of the posterior trunk of the mandibular nerve?
auriculotemporal nerve, lingual nerve, inferior alveolar nerve, and mylohyoid nerve
What does the auriculotemporal nerve of the mandibular branch innervate?
afferent nerve to the skin of the ear and temporal scalp
What does the lingual nerve of the mandibular branch innervate?
afferent nerve of the floor of the mouth
lingual soft tissue of mandibular teeth
body of the tongue (touch and pain sensation)
The lingual nerve travels in the same nerve sheath as what nerve?
chorda tympani
Where does the lingual nerve travel through?
submandibular ganglion
What is the largest branch of the mandibular branch?
inferior alveolar nerve
What are the two branches of the inferior alveolar nerve?
mental nerve and incisive nerve
What does the inferior alveolar nerve supply innervation to?
afferent nerve to mandibular teeth
What does the mental nerve supply innervation to?
afferent nerve to soft tissue of lower lip, chin, vestibule, buccal soft tissue in front of anterior teeth and premolars
What does the incisive nerve supply innervation to?
afferent nerve to anterior teeth and 1st premolar (only teeth)
stays in mandible
What does the mylohyoid nerve supply innervation to?
efferent to the mylohyoid muscle and anterior belly of digastric
supply afferent sensation to the mandibular molars
Where does the inferior alveolar nerve split into the mental and incisive foramen?
between 2 premolars
What are the parasympathetic nerves of the facial nerve?
greater petrosal nerve
chorda tympani nerve
What does the greater petrosal nerve of the facial nerve innervate?
1. efferent parasympathetic to the lacrimal gland
2. efferent parasympathetic to minor salivary glands of the hard and soft palate
3. afferent to the nasal cavity
Where does the greater petrosal nerve travel?
through the pterygopalatine ganglion
What does the chorda tympani nerve innervate?
1.efferent parasympathetic nerve to the sublingual gland and submandibular gland
2. afferent to the body of the tongue
Where does the chorda tympani travel?
through the submandibular ganglion in the same nerve sheath as the lingual nerve
What are the efferent nerves of the muscles of facial expression?
temporal nerve
zygomativ nerve
buccal nerve
mandibular nerve
cervical nerve
posterior auricular nerve
What does the temporal nerve of the facial nerve innervate?
frontalis
superior part of orbicularis oculi
curragator supercilli
What does the zygomatic nerve of the facial nerve innervate?
inferior part of orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus major
zygomaticus minor
What does the buccal nerve of the facial nerve innervate?
buccinator
risorius
orbicularis oris
What does the mandibular nerve of the facial nerve innervate?
muscles of the lower lip
mentalis muscle
What does the cervical nerve of teh facial nerve innervate?
platysma muscle
What does the posterior auricular nerve of the facial nerve innervate?
occipitalis
What are the efferent nerves to the posterior suprahyoid muscles?
sylohyoid nerve
posterior digastric nerve
What does the stylohyoid nerve of the facial nerve innervate?
stylohyiod nerve
What des the posterior digastric nerve of the facial nerve innervate?
posterior belly of the digastric muscle
What does the glossopharyngeal nerve innervate?
efferent parasympathetic to the parotid gland
afferent to the base of the tongue
-touch, pain, and taste sensation
What CN's control the tongue?
trigeminal, facial, hypoglossal, and glossopharyngeal