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30 Cards in this Set

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The first true migration to California is estimated to have been during the period of...
20,000 - 50,000 BC
Portuguese-born explorer ______ arrived in what is now known as San Diego
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
______arrived by ship near San Francisco Bay and claimed the land for England.
Sir Francis Drake
California was settled by Spain with the founding of______by a Franciscan monk, Junipero Serra.
mission San Diego
The largest human migration in history of the world happened...
1848 - 1849 the gold rush
In September of 1850, California was admitted into the Union as the_____state with its capital in_____
31st...Benecia.
The first winery in California was established by______a viticulturist whose family produced wine in Hungary. (Buena Vista – 1857)
Agoston Harazthy,
The Central Pacific Railroad began in Sacramento and the Union Pacific Railroad began in Omaha. What happened when they joined together?
Became the first transcontinental railroad system
9. When small band of settlers marched on the Mexican garrison at Sonoma on June 14, 1846, they issued a proclamation which declared California to be a Republic Independent of Mexico. This uprising is better known as the______
Bear Flag Revolt (Mario Vallejo)
The California Native Americans cherished the poppy as both a _____and for_____
source of food...oil extracted from the plant.
In demographic terms, the salient feature of California is its_____
diversity
The earliest Californians were adventurous_____who made their way across the_____to Alaska.
Asian Indians...Bering Straits
California Native Americans were known to modify their landscapes by_____and by_____.
burning vegetation...hunting & gathering.
It was the_____and_____exploration and colonization that brought ranching and agriculture to California.
Spanish and Mexican
The Franciscans built___missions along the coast from _____to____
21...San Diego to Sonoma
The trappers who arrived in the state during the 1800’s were attracted by the wealth to be had from selling____and____.
sea otter and beaver pelts.
The story of James Marshall’s gold discovery at Sutter’s Mill is, in many ways, the story of _____.
California.
The 30-mile stretch of land in the western foothills of the Sierra is known as_____which means_____.
El Dorado... “The Gilded Hills.”
The grizzly bear and the cluster of grapes on The Great Seal of the State of California represent what?
Wildlife and agricultural riches
Railroads encouraged economic growth in California how?
revolution of trade industry, agriculture, and urban fortunes
Who were known as the West’s first “Railroad Kings”?
Collis Huntington, Mark Hopkins, Leland Stanford, Charles Crocker
California’s first boom crop was _____.
Wheat
The citrus industry in Southern California took root in_____.
Orange county
Non-Hispanic Caucasians, whose ancestors came from countries such as___,___,___,and___are the largest group, making up a bit more than half of the population in California today.
England, Ireland, Germany and Italy
What are the “four factors of dominance”?
cultural diversity, top travel destinations, affluent/can do spirit
What is “California cuisine”?
utilizing fresh, local, organic products and recognizing them on menu
The Low Coast Brewery in Eureka was the first brewery in the U.S. to be_____and_____.
Founded and operated by women.
The first vineyard in Sonoma County was probably planted by the_____near Fort Ross.
Russians
When the Europeans arrived in what is known today as the San Francisco Bay Area, they found the area inhabited by the Yelamu tribe, belonging to a linguistic grouping later called the_____(Miwok Indian word = western people)
Ohlone
In his 1914 book, Clarence Edmonds wanted the world to see San Francisco as the_____.
culinary crossroad of the world.