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85 Cards in this Set

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How many minutes does it take for irreversible brain damage to occur?
1. How many minutes does it take for irreversible brain damage to occur?

4 TO 6 MINUTES
How many general first aid rules are there in an emergency?
NINE
What are the two types of triage?
TACTICAL AND NONTACTICAL
When sorting for treatment, in what class do you place a patient with immediate life sustaining injuries?
CLASS II
When sorting for treatment, in what class do you place a patient whose definitive treatment can be delayed without jeopardy to life?
CLASS III
When sorting for treatment, in what priority do you place a patient with a simple fracture?
PRIORITY III
When sorting for treatment, in what priority do you place a patient with eye injuries?
PRIORITY II
When arriving at the scene, what is the first thing you do?
MAKE SURE THE SCENE IS SAFE
What do the ABCDEs of emergency care stand for?
AIRWAY, BREATHING, CIRCULATION, DISABILITY, AND EXPOSE
Usually the trauma assessment is about ______ percent patient interview and _______ percent physical exam?
20/80
What type of examination is a comprehensive hands-on survey of the patient’s body?
OBJECTIVE
How many steps does the head to toe survey have?
26
What is the possible cause of abnormality if your pupil characteristics are unequal?
STROKE AND HEAD INJURY
What is the normal pulse rate for an adult?
60 TO 80 BEATS PER MINUTE
Where is the most common site to determine a patients pulse?
RADIAL
What is the normal respiration rate for an adult?
12-20 BREATHES PER MINUTE
How many beats per minute is considered a rapid respiration rate?
28
How is respiration rates classified?
NORMAL, DEEP OR SHALLOW
What type of blood pressure is the remaining arteries were relaxed between beats?
DIASTOLIC
What type of blood pressure is created in the arteries when the blood pumps blood out in circulation?
SYSTOLIC
Low blood pressure exists is considered to exist when your pressure falls below _______ millimeters of mercury (mm HG)
90
How many steps are there in positioning the patient?
FOUR
What maneuver is recommended for relieving foreign body airway obstruction?
HEIMLICH
Who states that no attempt should be made to force air from the stomach unless suction equipment is on hand for immediate use?
AMERICAN RED CROSS
Once the airway has been opened during one rescuer CPR where do you check for pulse?
CAROTID
Where are chest compressions performed during CPR for children?
LOWER HALF OF THE STERNUM
During CPR on an infant, where do you check for a pulse?
BRACHIAL ARTERY
What type of shock is caused by the loss of blood and other body fluids?
HYPOVOLEMIC
What type of shock is caused by the presence of severe infection?
SEPTIC
What type of shock is the most important for Hospital Corpsman?
HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK
What is the pulse rate for hemorrhagic shock?
140 OR HIGHER
What can hypovolemic shock also be called?
OLIGEMIC OR HEMATOGENIC SHOCK
How long does it take septic shock to develop?
2 TO 5 DAYS
During treatment procedures, what is the most important factor in the treatment of all types of shock?
IV ADMINISTRATION
For what type of shock you do not use IV fluids?
CARDIOGENIC
For a patient in shock, you monitor and record the vital signs every _______ minutes.
15
When using a bag-valve mask ventilator, how much oxygen concentration will you get if the flow range is 15 liters per minute?
90 PERCENT
What type of wound is torn rather than cut?
LACERATIONS
How much liters of blood does the average adult have?
5
The loss of how much liters of blood causes shock?
ONE
How many pressure points are on each side of the body?
11
Where do you apply a tourniquet?
ABOVE THE WOUND AND AS CLOSE TO THE WOUND AS POSSIBLE
What are the two types of bacteria that commonly cause infection in wounds?
AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC
What is an abscess in the true skin caused by the entry of microorganisms through a hair follicle or sweat gland?
FURUNCLE (BOIL)
In what position during combat do you place a patient that is suffering from a sucking chest wound?
ON THE AFFECTED SIDE
How many days should you wait before closing a puncture wound?
FOURTH DAY
What type of suture needle is most often used in deep tissues?
TAPER POINT
What is the most common local anesthetic used?
XYLOCAINE
In how many places should the splint be fastened for a thigh fracture?
FIVE
What type of fracture does a patient have if they stand and the injured shoulder is lower than the uninjured one?
CLAVICLE FRACTURE
If a Medical Officer could not be reached within how many hours can the Hospital Corpsman attempt to reduce a dislocation?
8 HOURS
What are injuries to the ligaments and soft tissues that support a joint?
SPRAIN
What types of injuries are caused by forcible overstretching or tearing of muscles or tendons?
STRAINS
What is also commonly called bruises?
CONTUSIONS
How many classifications do burns have?
THREE
What is the recovery period for second degree burns?
2 TO 3 WEEKS
What degree of burn does a patient have if the tissue color will range from white to black?
THIRD DEGREE
What type of electrolyte solution do you use on a patient with over 20 percent of extensive burns?
RINGERS LACTATE
All major burn victims should be given a booster dose of _________________ to guard against infection.
TETANUS TOXOID
Irrigate acid burns to the eyes for at least ___ to ____ minutes with at least ______ml of water.
5 TO 10, 2000
How long do irrigate alkali burns to the eyes?
20 MINUTES
What is the body temperature for a patient that has heat stroke?
105 F OR 41 C OR HIGHER
Death results as the core temperature of the body approaches ______.
80 F
What is the most effective method of warming a victim with hypothermia?
IMMERSION IN A TUB OF WATER (100 TO 105 OR 38 TO 41 C) WATER
What is the morphine adult dosage?
10 TO 20 MG
What type of medication do you give a patient that suffers from angina pectoris?
NITROGLYCERIN
What is also known as seizures or fits?
EPILEPSY
What is the most serious type of epilepsy?
GRAND MAL SEIZURE
TRIAGE (TACTICAL)
CLASS 1-4
TRIAGE (NON-TACTICAL)
PRIORITY 1-4
CLASS I
MINOR TREATMENT, CAN BE RETURNED TO DUTY IN A SHORT TIME
CLASS II
REQUIRE IMMEDIATE LIFE-SUSTAINING TREATMENT, MODERATE TIME
CLSS III
TREATMENT CAN BE DELAYED
CLASS IV
NEEDS EXTENSIVE TREATMENT BEYOND IMMEDIATE.
PRIORITY I
CORRECTIBLE LIFE THREATENING ILLNESS: RESPIRATORY PROBLEMS, OPEN CHEST, AB WOUNDS, FEMUR FRACTURES.
PRIORITY II
SERIOUS BUT NON LIFE-THREATENING ILLNESS: OPEN WOUNDS, EYE WOUNDS
PRIORITY III
MINOR INJURIES
PRIORITY IV
DEAD OR FATALLY INJURED
R.O.N. ARM
4.5%
R.O.N. LEG
9%
R.O.N. CHEST
9%
R.O.N. ABS
9%
R.O.N. GROIN
1%
R.O.N. HEAD
4.5%
HEAT STROKE: DISCONTINUE RECTAL COOLING WHEN BODY REACHES _____ DEGREES.
102