Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
spinal cord disability from birth
congenital, spina bifida
spinal cord condition gets worse over time
degenerative, multiple sclerosis
traumatic spinal cord injury
diving accident
injury of T1 and above
injury of below T1
need repirator and otherassistance for vital functions, injury affects every body system, may be fatal at time, or later
C 1-3
have traps and diaphragm, use sip and puff mouthpiece
below C 4
have delts and some biceps, some rhomboids, may be able to feed self, needs help for dressing, bathing
C 5
highest injury one can have and still have some independence, rotator cuff, some lats, can transfer, drive, push wheelchair
C6, landmark
have triceps, can wheelchair transfer, pushup
total hand use, some difficulty with sitting balance, lack some intercostals use and trunk musculature, so have trouble with diaphragmatic breathing
T 1-5
can walk with crutches or braces, but only if very fit
T 6-12, landmark
have hip flexors and adductors, can walk with braces
L 1-3
have hamstrings, some ankle and foot. Weak knee flexion. Can walk awkwardly
congenital spinal cord inury, not progressive. spinal cord is exposed, protrudes. occurs in first trimester. neural tube defect, does not close completely usually is in lumbo-sacral region
spina bifida
type of spina bifida, spinal cord protrudes through an opening in the back and is on the surface covered only by a membrane. most serious and most common
type of spina bifida, opening in the back, spinal cord remains below the surface, although exposed. surgery required
opening in the backbone, but covered by skin and is not visible to the eye. might never be diagnosed
for spina bifida, what does walking and weight baring help?
prevent osteoporosis
85% of children with SB have what?
hydrocephalus, due to improper circulation and accumulation in brain. shunts release fluid pressure
scarring of myeline sheath, degenerative condition, more T cells that normal that attack myelin sheath
Multiple sclerosis
sometimes this is misdiagnosed as Lou Gherigs disease ALS (Athero Lateral Sclerosis)
Mult sclerosis
1. plaue forms around nerve
2. destruction of myelin sheath
3. partial blockage of nerve
4. scar tissue builds up
5. total bockage of nerve impulse
non progressive condition of the developing CNS
cerebral palsy
90% occur pre or peri natally by anoxia
most common single type of CP, more than half the cases, injuries to cerebral cortex, hypertonia (inc. musc tone), most common specific type of CP
in CP 20% of cases are lesions in basal ganglia, hypotonia (dec. musc tone)
dyskinesia, athetosis
in CP, cerebellum, 10% have this which is poor sense of balance, kinesthesis
< 5% have tremor
rididity, rare and fatal
most commpon overall type of CP
what % of epilepsy is idiopathic?
tonic clonic seizure (grand mal)
scary, thrashing and drewling
absence seizure (petit mal)
may not notice, child spaces out for a few seconds
high blood aldalinity
favors seizures
the leading chronic illness which causes school absence
extrinsic asthma
intrinsic asthma
exercise induced, also emotion, stress, illness
affects voluntary muscles, characteraized by progressive weakness
muscular dystrphy, Duchenne MD
cause of MD
absence of dystrophin, a protein that helps keep mucle cells intact
legally or educationally blind
20/200 or worse
partially sighted
between 20/70 and 20/200
blindness at birth, have more problems
not hereditary, accidental or acquired
increased pressure
fogging of lens
near, far sighted
length of eye
shape of eye
detached retina
retrolental fibrofasia
excessive motion in eyeballs
field dependence and independence,background color
figure ground
peripheral vision
occurred before age 3, before much language learned
pre lingually deaf
physical obstruction, infection in middle ear, eardrum damage
damage to inner ear or sensory receptors, difficulty with speech, distorted sounds, cause-genetics, rubella, infection
brain tumor, auditory cortex, hearing loss, no understanding
central (CNS)
inner, middle, outer ear, combination of conductive and sensory neural loss
spine curves from side to side
spine curves forward in humpback shape
spine curves forward, swayback