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142 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
nascent
coming into being; in early developmental stages
nebulous
vague; cloudy; lacking clearly defined form
neologism
a new word, expression, or usage; the creation or use of new words or senses
neophyte
a recent convert; a beginner; novice
noxious
harmful; injurious
obdurate
unyielding; hardhearted; intractable
obfuscate
to deliberately obscure; to make confusing
obsequious
exhibiting a fawning attentiveness
obstinate
stubborn; hardheaded; uncompromising
obtuse
lacking sharpness of intellect; not clear or precise in thought or expression
obviate
to anticipate and make unnecessary
occlude
to obstruct or block
odious
evoking intense aversion or dislike
onerous
troubling; burdensome
opaque
impenetrable by light; not reflecting light
opprobrium
disgrace; contempt; scorn
oscillation
the act or state of swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm
ostentatious
characterized by or given to pretentiousness
paean
a song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving
pedagogy
the art or profession of training, teaching, or instructing
pedantic
the parading of learning; excessive attention to minutiae and formal rules
penurious
penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
penury
poverty; destitution
perennial
recurrent through the year or many years; happening repeatedly
perfidy
intentional breach of faith; treachery
perfunctory
cursory; done without care or interest
pernicious
extremely harmful; potentially causing death
perspicacious
acutely perceptive; having keen discernment
peruse
to examine with great care
pervade
to permeate throughout
pervasive
having the tendency to permeate or spread throughout
phlegmatic
calm; sluggish; unemotional
pine
to yearn intensely; to languish; to lose vigor
pious
extremely reverent or devout; showing strong religious devotion
pirate
to illegally use or reproduce
pith
the essential or central part
pithy
precise and brief
placate
to appease; to calm by making concessions
platitude
a superficial remark, esp. one offered as meaningful
plethora
an overabundance; a surplus
plummet
to plunge or drop straight down
polemical
controversial; argumentative
pragmatic
practical rather than idealistic
prattle
to babble meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner
precipitate
acting with excessive haste or impulse
precipitate
to cause or happen before anticipated or required
precursor
one that precedes and indicates or annouces another
predilection
a disposition in favor of something; preference
preen
to dress up; to primp; to groom oneself with elaborate care
prescience
foreknowledge of events; knowing of events prior to their occurring
presumptuous
overstepping due bounds (as of propriety or courtesy); taking liberties
prevaricate
to deliberately avoid the truth; to mislead
pristine
pure; uncorrupted; clean
probity
adherence to highest principles; uprightness
proclivity
a natural predisposition or inclination
prodigal
recklessly wasteful; extravagant; profuse; lavish
prodigious
abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary
profligate
excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant
profuse
given or coming forth abundantly; extravagant
proliferate
to grow or increase swiftly and abundantly
prolific
producing large volumes or amunts; productive
propensity
a natural inclination or tendency, penchant
prosaic
dull; unimaginative
pungent
characterized by a strong, sharp smell or taste
putrefy
to rot; to decay and give off a foul odor
quaff
to drink deeply
qualms
misgiving; reservations; causes for hesitancy
queries
questions; inquiries; doubts in the mind; reservations
querulous
prone to complaining or grumbling; quarrelsome
quiescence
stillness; motionlessness; quality of being at rest
quixotic
foolishly impractical; marked by lofty romantic ideals
quotidian
occurring or recurring daily; commonplace
rancorous
characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
rarefy
to make or become thin, less dense; to refine
recalcitrant
obstinately defiant of authority; difficult to manage
recant
to retract, esp. a previously held belief
recondite
hidden; concealed; difficult to understand; obscure
redoubtable
awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
refulgent
radiant; shiny; brilliant
refute
to disprove; to successfully argue against
relegate
to forcibly assign, esp. to a lower place or position
renege
to fail to honor a commitment; to go back on a promise
repudiate
to refuse to have anything to do with; disown
rescind
to invalidate; to repeal; to retract
reticent
quiet; reserved; reluctant to express thoughts and feelings
reverent
marked by, feeling, or expressing a feeling of profound awe and respect
rhetoric
the art of study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
salubrious
promoting health or well-being
sanction
authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance
satire
a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision
sedulous
diligent; persistent; hard-working
shard
a piece of broken pottery or glass
solicitous
concerned and attentive; eager
solvent
able to meet financial obligations; able to dissolve another substance
soporific
causing drowsiness; tending to induce sleep
sordid
characterized by filth, grime, or squalor; foul
sparse
thin; not dense; arranged at widely spaced intervals
specious
seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly attractive
spendthrift
one who spends money wastefully
sporadic
occurring only occasionally, or in scattered instances
spurious
lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit
squalid
sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect
squander
to waste by spending or using irresponsibly
static
not moving, active or in motion; at rest
stoic
indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast
stupefy
to stun, baffle, or amaze
stymie
to block; thwhart
subpoena
a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony
subtle
not obvious; elusive; difficult to discern
succinct
brief; concise
superfluous
exceeding what is sufficient or necessary
supplant
to take the place of; supersede
surfeit
excess, overindulgence
synthesis
the combination of parts to make a whole
tacit
implied; not explicitly stated
tenacity
the quality of adherence or persistence to something valued
tenuous
having little substance or strength; flimsy; weak
terse
brief and concise in wording
tirade
a long and extremely critical speech; a harsh denunciation
torpid
lethargic; sluggish; dormant
torque
a force that causes rotation
tortuous
winding; twisting; excessively complicated
tout
to publicly praise or promote
transient
fleeting; passing quickly; brief
trenchant
sharply perceptive; keen; penetrating
truculent
fierce and cruel; eager to fight
ubiquitous
existing everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered; widespread
unfeigned
genuine; not false or hypocritical
untenable
indefensible; not viable; uninhabitable
urbane
sophisticated; refined; elegant
vacillate
to waver indecisively between one course of action or opinion and another; waver
variegated
multicolored; characterized by a variety of patches of different color
veracity
truthfulness; honesty
vexation
annoyance; irritation
vigilant
alertly watchful
vilify
to defame; to characterize harshly
virulent
extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic
viscous
thick; sticky
vituperate
to use harsh condemnatory language; to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate
volatile
readily changing to a vapor; changeable; fickle; explosive
waver
to move to and fro; to sway; to be unsettled in opinion
zealous
fervent; ardent; impassioned