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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
attempt to reform spoils system after Garfields's death
Pendleton Act
asserted that U.S. would serve as "policeman" of the Western Hemissphere
Roosevelt Corollary
the use gold and silver as the basis of the nation's money supply
prohibited Cuba from entering any foreign agreements without U.S. approval
Platt Amendment
area or country in which another nation has strong economic control
spheres of influence
power to appoint people to government positions
educational/recreational assemblies with a program of lectures, concerts etc.
policy of all nations having equal access for commercial relations with China
Open Door Policy
heralded fighting unit in the Spanish American War
Rough Riders
successor to the Grange; organized rural cooperatives
Farmer's Alliance
gave interstate commerce commission more power to regulate railroad rates
Hepburn Act
established direct election senators
17th amendment
journalist who tried to alert the public to alleged wrongdoings by politicians and big business
gave women the right to vote
19th amendment
procedure by which a law can be originated by the people rather than lawmakers
radical labor organization that sought the overthrow of capitalism
eventually led to the creation of the NAACP
Niagara Movement
proclaimed the Christian's duty to improve society by eliminating poverty's causes
Social Gospel
twelve regional banks that monitored all credit and monetary affairs
Federal Reserve System
established a graduated income tax
16th amendment
Wilson's plan for peace after WWI
Fourteen points
created "clear and present danger" limitation on free speech
Schenk v. U.S.
aggressive buildup of armed forces as war preparation and diplomatic maneuvering
alliance of France, Russia, Great Britain
Triple Entente
German attempt to gain Mexican help against the U.S.
Zimmerman Telegram
biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
forced Germany to pay reparations
Treaty of Versailles
fear of communism and other foreign influences after WWI
Red Scare
desire of Americans, tired of reforms and war, to go back to everyday life
labor group that organized unskilled workers
major scandal in Harding Administration
Teapot Dome
authors soured by American culture who moved to Europe.
Lost Generation
WWI veterans who marched on Washington to demand early payments
Bonus Army
protected workers right to join unions and engage in collective bargaining
Wagner act
informal group of FDR's advisors; helped create New Deal
Brain trust
black literary movement of the 1920's
Harlem Renaissance
religious movement that insisted on literal interpretation of the Bible
collection of makeshift homes built by homeless
establishment that illegally sold and served alcohol during prohibition
German war tactic based on massice air and tank attacks
code name of the atomic bomb program
Manhattan DIstrict Project
upheld the legality of interment camps for Japanese Americans
Korematsu v. U.S.
policy of giving concessions to Hitler in order to keep the peace
international agreement that banded the use of war
Kellogg Briand Pact
political philosophy that values nation/race over the individual, and rigid government control of society
U.S. attempt to improve relations with Latin America
Good Neighbor Policy
banned certain union activities during WWII
Smith-Connally Act
treaty that set the stage for the invasion of Poland
Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact
Reagan's proposed new program of missile defense
SDI (strategic defense initiative)
a government guarantee to provide benefits to a specific group
entitlement program
arms treaty rejected by the U.S. Senate
Salt II
conservative organization founded by Jerry Falwell; opposed elimination of prayer in schools, pornography, legalized abortion, etc.
Moral Majority
economic condition marked by both inflation and high unemployment
California referendum issue reducing property taxes
Proposition 13
defense alliance of western european nations, canda and teh US
imaginary line separating communist and non communist europe
iron curtain
created the largest public works program in american history
fedreal highway act
benefits to veterans encouraging more education and home buying
GI bill of rights
cost cities millions of middle class people and their taxes and resources
white flight
truman's plan to increase government benefits and social programs
fair deal
US policy threatening the use of nuclear weapons against commy threats
massive retaliation
brought congressional investigations of subversive activities in the US
limited unions by barring the closed shop and providing for a "cooling off" period for strikes
taft hartley
3rd partpy formed in 1948 to protest integration proposals
program that sent volunteers to aid people in developing nations
peace corps
attempted to force integration on interstate travel
freedom riders
supreme court decision guaranteeing suspects in crime cases a lawyer
Gideon v wainwright
policy to replace US troops with south vietnames troops
site of counter culture music fest
feminist group fouuded to pursue qual rights for women
legislation that banned discrimination in all public facilities
civil rights act of 1964
student civil rights organization
moderate mainstream americans supportive of government policies
silent majority
authorized the president to use "necessary" military force in vietnam
gulf of tonkin resolution