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20 Cards in this Set

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The belief the stars, the earth, and the other planets revolve around the sun.
heliocentric theory
The English scientist who discovered the law of universal gravitation.
Isaac Newton
The agreement in which people give their rights to a stron ruler in exchange for law and order.
social contract
A type of social critic in France who believed that people could apply reason to all aspects of life.
philosophe
A social gathering for intellectuals and artists, often hosted by wealthy Parisian women.
salon
A monarch who made reforms under the influence of new ideas.
enlightened despot
The document in which America colonists asserted their right to free themselves from British rule.
Declaration of independence
A system of government in which power is divided between national and state governments.
federal system
A new way of thinking about the world, based on observation and the questioning or old beliefs(mid-1500s)
Scientific Revolution
He built a telescope to view the stars and planets; the church tried him for heresy for his scientific ideas.
Gelileo Galilei
A logical procedure for testing ideas; it includes observation, hypothesis, testing and conclusion.
Scientific method
An intellectaul movement in the 18th century that stressed the power of individuals to solve problems.
Enlightenment
He proposed that all people are born free and equal, with three natural rights: life, liberty, and property
john Locke
A French philosopher and satirist who fought for telerance, reason, and liberty.
Voltaire
A french writer who studied political liberty and developed the idea of seperation of powers
Montesquieu
A french essayist who believed that the only good government was a direct democracy
Rosseau
An Englsih writer and adovcote of weomens education, she wrote A vindication of the rights of women
Mary Wollstonecraft
A stlye of art characterized by grand, ornate design that dominated European art in the 1600s and 1700s
baroque
The simple and elegant artistic style of the late 1700s that borrowed themes from classical Greece and Rome
neoclassical
The first ten amendments to the U.S Constitution, listing citizen's rights and freedoms
Bill of Rights