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76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Judith Sargent Murray
author of On the Equality of the Sexes
Noah Webster
wrote Blue-backed Speller. Thought kids should learn from American books
Washington Irving:
famous for “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” and "Rip Van Winkle"
radically revised version of Christianity
Second great awakening. Cleansed American societies of its iniquities
Second Great Awakening
expansion of church membership. Lasted 50 years Second Great Awakening
Charles G. Finney
American newspaperman, story writer, and fantastical novelist
Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Robert Fulton
Worked on Canal, Submarine, and Steam navigation. Made the steam boat
given name” to Fulton’s steam boat
"Turnpike Era":
Improved roads that were weather proof
Pierre L 'Enfant
Created blueprints for the city of Washington
Jeffersonian democracy:
Created for the people of America. Anti-federalists created it
We are all Republicans; we are all Federalists!
Thomas Jefferson First inaugural address
Albert Gallatin
orerunner of our present Public Health Service and marine hospitals
Barbary Pirate [Tripolitanian] Wars:
first war waged by the United States outside national boundaries after gaining independence and unification of the country
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
established the doctrine of judicial review
writ of mandamus
introduced to prevent disorders from a failure of justice
judicial review
created 58 new judgeships
John Marshall
Chief Justice in the Supreme court
Samuel Chase
join the American confederacy and appointed commissioner
Toussaint L'Ouverture
the hero of the French revolution
Louisiana Purchase:
The Area of land which Napoleon sold to the Americans
Lewis & Clark Expedition
finding a land route to the Pacific
Helped Lewis and Clark with translating to the Indians
Zebulon Pike
assigned the reconnaissance of the upper Mississippi River
Essex Junto
opposed the radicals in Massachusetts in the American Revolution. Supported federalism
"Burr Conspiracy":
Assassinated Alexander Hamilton.
Continental System:
forbade trade with Great Britain on the part of France, her allies, and neutrals
Berlin Decrees (1806)
declaring the British Isles under blockade and forbidding any trade to or from them
Milan Decree (1807) :
authorized French warships and privateers to capture neutral vessels sailing from any British port or from countries occupied by British armies
the act of forcibly conscripting people to serve as sailors
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair:
June 22, 1807, the British warship HMS Leopard attacked and boarded the American frigate USS Chesapeake
Embargo Act of 1807:
in answer to the British orders in council restricting neutral shipping and to Napoleon's restrictive Continental System
Macon's Bill No. 2:
intended to motivate Britain and France to stop seizing American vessels during the Napoleonic Wars
Gen. William Henry Harrison
first governor of Indiana
boycotted the treaty conference at Greenville
"War Hawks"
called for war against England
John C. Calhoun (SC)
Secretary of War and later on Vice President with John Quincy adams
Henry Clay (KY)
appointed Secretary of State by President John Quincy Adams
"Mr. Madison's War":
Nickname fore the war of 1812 (second war of independence)
Francis Scott Key:
was given the mission along with American Agent for Prisoner Exchange Colonel John Stuart Skinner to secure the release of Dr. William Beanes of Upper Marlboro
Battle of New Orleans:
Ratified the Treaty of Ghent
Andrew Jackson
Took Possession of Flordia
Hartford Convention
made to consider the problems of New England in the War of 1812
Treaty of Ghent (1814):
U.S. and Britain would return to the same state of affairs as before the war
Rush-Bagot Agreement (1818):
Created the un protected large border between Canada and America
John Quincy Adams
Secretary of State and later one became the 4th president
Marbury v. Madison (1803):
established the doctrine of judicial review
writ of mandamus:
introduced to prevent disorders from a failure of justice
Cultural nationalism
increasing belief in America
Albert Gallatin
Secretary of Treasury
The Prophet, Tenskwatawa
Religious and political leader of the shawnee
Second Bank of the US
Replaced the first one with a bigger stronger one
National Road
first improved highway
Tariff of 1816
placed to reduce competition in america
era of good feelings
parties got along
First Seminole War
Florida wars
Adams-Onis Treaty
agreement between the United States and Spain that settled a border dispute
Panic of 1819
First financial crsis
Tallmadge Amendment
Missouri Compromise
Missouri Compromise
agreement between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions
A fire bell in the night
letter to thimas jefferson
Fletcher v. Peck
case for land to private speculators in return for bribes.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
case dealing with the application of the Contract Clause of the United States Constitution
McCulloch v. Maryland
case in Maryland taxing Bank OF UD
Cohens v. Virginia
US supreme got power to review state supreme court decision after this case
Gibbons v. Ogden
United States Supreme Court ruled that the power to regulate interstate navigation was reserved to Congress
Johnson v. McIntosh
Supreme Court of the United States held that private citizens could not purchase lands directly from Native Americans.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
series of laws which stripped the Cherokee of their rights
Worcester v. Georgia
United States Supreme Court held that Cherokee Native Americans were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments.
Monroe Doctrine
proclaimed the United States' opinion that European powers should no longer colonize the America
"King Caucus"
informal meetings in which American congressmen would agree on who to nominate for the Presidency and Vice Presidency from their political party
American System
conomic plan consisting of a high tariff to support internal improvements such as road-building, and a national bank to encourage productive enterprise and form a national currency
Corrupt Bargain
charges by partisans of Andrew Jackson that John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay conspired to deny Jackson the presidency
Tariff of Abomination
protect industry in the northern United States from competing European goods