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11 Cards in this Set

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James Watt
1796
Scottish
improved the design of steam engines and made their use practical
Richard ARkwright
1769
English

invented the water frame

a water-powered device that held many more spindles and produced thread faster

a step beyond the spinning jenny
Edmund Cartwright
1786

developed a steam-powered looom for weaving cotton
Eli Whitney
1793
American

invented the cotton gin

a machine that removed the seeds from cotton

workers could prepare cotton for shipment to textile mills more quickly than ever before
Oliver Evans
1802
American

built the first high-pressure steam engine for powering machinery

factories no longer had to be built near streams or rivers
Samuel Slater
1789
English

memorized the design of the machinery in England, traveled in disguise to America, and offered his services.
Moses Brown
a wealthy Quaker who owned an inefficient cotton mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island (until Moses Brown came along)
Pawtucket, Rhode Island
Pawtucket mill housed 72 spindles powered by the falling water of thenearby river

first factory in the US
Francis Cabot Lowell
a young Bostonian

in a new factory at Waltham, Massachusetts (in 1813) built a power loom after seeing them in Britain

for the first time the entire process of converting cotton into cloth took place in one building
Waltham, Massachusetts
Lowell bult a power loom in a new factory in 1813, and now the entire process of converting cotton into cloth took place in one building.
James Hargreaves
1764
English

invented the spinning jenny

spun many threads at one time