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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
William the Conqueror
Domesday Book
William II
continued the harsh tax system
William II
killed in 1100 while hunting. accident? assasination?
Henry I
died of overeating in 1135
Henry I
daughter Matilda claimed the throne, but so did cousin Stephen
Stephen
fought a 19 year civil war against the supporter of Matilda
Stephen
"Christ and His Angels slept"
Henry II
first Plantagenet king
Henry II
feigned wars with Normandy and Brittany
Henry II
not religious
Henry II
Thomas Becket: "Who will rid me of this turbulent priest?"
Henry II
did public penance
Henry II
established 6 circuit courts with three judges per circuit-- the beginnings of Common Law
Richard I (lionhearted)
was valiant and religious
Richard I (lionhearted)
only spent six months in England
Richard I (lionhearted)
Crusades, especially the third Crusade vs. Saladin (sultan of Egypt and Syria)
John
angered the Pope, Innocent III, over the issue of who got to choose the Archbishop of Canterbury
John
Pope issue an Interdict, allowing only baptism and extreme unctoin
John
Magna Carta 1215 Runnymede
Henry III
son of John, age ten when he came to thron
Henry III
Parliament has its roots under this king
Henry III
he continued exploitaion of the people like his father
Henry III
b/c of exploitaioton in 1264, many barons with the help of the French confront him
Henry III
in 1265, the rudiments of Parliament are established
Edward I
Henry's son
Edward I
a major force
Edward I
He unifies Britain with a conquest of Wales in 1283
Edward I
his infant heir to the throne is made Prince of Wales (established 1284)
Edward I
he tried to conquer Scotland, but Robert, the Bruce overcame Edward
Edward I
known as longshanks
Edward I
wife Eleanor saved his life after an assassination attempt by sucking poison from a wound
Edward I
he set up stone crosses all across England in her honor (Eleanor sucked poison from his wound)
Edward II
his lover is Piers Gaveston
Edward II
wife Isabella along with the Earl of Mortimer blackmails him and forces him to abdicate
Edward II
They had him murdered with a hot poker
Edward III
builds Windsor Castle
Edward III
establishes the Order of the Garter (the highest honor in the land) --"Evil be to him who thinks evil"
Edward III
starts the Hundred Years War with France
Edward III
his worthy son the Black Prince dies in battle
Edward III
at the end of his life, turns to religion and builds churches
Richard II
the last Plantagenet king
Richard II
opposed by Henry Bolingbroke who ursurped the throne in 1389
Henry IV
started rule in 1389 but wasn't officially king until Richard's death in 1399
Henry IV
faces and puts down rebelllions from Scotland and Wales
Henry IV
Henry Bolingbroke
Henry V
magnificent leader vs. the French
Henry V
battle of Agincourt, English outnumbered 5 to 1, but the longbow dominates
Henry VI
Joan of Arc expels the English from France
Henry VI
a Lancastrian, fought a civil war vs. Richard, Duke of York
Henry VI
War of the Roses
Lancastrians (red rose) vs. Yorkists (white rose)