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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Inca Empire, remained hidden for 4 centuries, mummies
Machu Picchu
Under a cave, over 1000 yrs old
Mesa Verde
Leader in Iceland, banished and went to Greenland
Eric the Red
Son of Eric, Vinland
Leif Erickson
Attributes of columbus
Courage
Knowledge and understanding
Fire for the deed
Faith
2 trips-spain
2 trips-Portugal
1st to recognize this isn't Asia
Amerigo Vespucci
Discover Pacific Ocean-Isthmus Peninsula
Balboa
Goes to florida "land of flowers"
Ponce de Leon
Gold
god
Glory
Spanish motives
White, bearded god
Quetzel/Coatl
Sold into slavery-Maya, interpreter to Cortez
Malinche-Marina
Beautiful city, destroyed by Cortez, becomes Mexico City
Tenochtitlan
Destroys Incas
Pizzaro
Dies with no gold
De Soto
New Mexico, left names, discovers there is no city of gold
Coronado
Priest, fought for Indian rights
de Las casas
gold, chocolate, diseases, peanuts, corn
Brought to Europe
horses, spikces, coffee, technology, cattle, pigs, wheat, barley
Brought from Europe
Found Mississippi River and went on it into Arkansas but stopped-fear of Spanish
Joliet and Marquette
Finished to mouth of river claimed all the land-Arkansas, but went to far the next time and was killed
Robert Lasalle
1st to new world, landed on shores of Canada
John Cabot
Fav of Queen Elizabeth, got land in Ireland, introduces potatoes and popularize smoking tobacco in England, Roanoke Island (wants money-fails)
Sir Walter Raleigh
Lost colongy-settlers disappear
Roanoke Island
high successful company, established colonies
Joint Stock Company
Saved John Smith, marries John Rolfe
Pcahontas
tobacco
women
self government (house of burgesses)
Private Property
Jamestown reasons for success
religous motivation
Plymouth
usually associated with religion
pilgrim
separatists
puritans
1st plymouth leader
william bradford
spoke english, was a slave, became interpreter, shows pilgrims what/how to plant
Squanto
Becomes king after King James, worsens puritan persecution
Charles
refers to someone who is excessively strict about religion/mmorality
puritanical
preacher, criticized colony, questioned church and state-left and established providence, RI
Roger Williams
15 kids, midwife, came to America because minister did, met after sermons and discussed God's spirit spoke to her sole, put on trial and banished
Anne Hutchinson
1st college established for ministers
Harvard
positives of puritans
education
town meeting govt.
civic responsibility
puritan ethics
trade-mercantilism
England's main concern
Navigation Laws
Whool Act
Hat Act
Iron Act
Molasses Act
molasses-rum and slaves
triangular trade
inability of British to enforce taxes
Salutary Neglect
Age of reason, encouraged to use minds and ask why, Newton, science music, art, architecture, literature
Enlightenment
religious revival, triggered by George Whitefield
Great Awakening
Triggered great awakening-priest
George Whitefield
Preacher, no saving grace and stimulated colleges, more tolerant view of religion
Jonathan Edwards
new roman/greek columns
neoclassical
philosophy-english govt protects rights life, liberty and property
John Locke
Montesquieu
scientist
statesmen
inventor
scientists, statesmen, inventor
Ben Franklin
molasses, whine, sugar - internal tax
beginnings of protest
Sugar Act
can be searched for weapons
writ of assistance
Go at each other, Boston Massacre
Sam Adams and Thomas Hutchinson
loyalists
tories
patriots
rebels