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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rigime Ancien
System of feudalism left over form the middle ages
3 large social classes in France
Estate's General
Assembly of reps from each estate to get approval for a tax reform
National Assembly
3rd estate made thenselves this, they had 90% of France's population
Declaration of Rights of men
Statement adopted by the national assembly, influenced by enlightenment ideas and Declaration of independence
Sans Culottes
Most liberal of the revolutionists, violent
Legislative assembly
replaced national assembly, had power to create laws and to approve or prevent wars declared by the king
National convention
Replaces legislative assembly
Reign of terror
period of Robespierr's dictatorial rule
The Mountain
2nd most liberal of revolutionists
Most extreme conservatives
Commitee of Public safety
Lead by Robespierre, killed many people for no reson using the guillotine
3rd most liberal revolutionists, were very violent
Liberals in the middle of the spectrum, believed in peaceful change
Thermidorian Reaction
backward revolution
First/Fourth Coalition
Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden, and austria joined forces in a war against Napoleon
Loyalty to one's country, it was growing in spain and elsewhere in Europe
Coup d'etat
Sudden seizure of power like napoleon's, happens when a country's citizens overthrow the gpvernment and then get worried
A vote of the people on an issue, different from the american election.
Government run schools setup by Napoleon
an agreement between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII. The government recognized the influence of the church but rejected the church's control in national affairs
Napoleonic Code
Gave the country a uniform set of laws and eliminated many injusitices but also limited liberty and promoted authority over individual rights
Napoleon ordered this forced closing of ports to prevent all trade and communication between Great Britain and other European nations
Continental System
Name given by Napoleon for the blockade policy. He hoped it would make continental Europe more self sufficient.
Scorched-Earth Policy
Russia moved toward their inlands and slaughtered all lifestock so as Napoleon's armies invaded, they would have no food
Hundred Days
Napoleon's Final ___ days when he returned from exhile in Elba, after this, he was again exhiled to St. Helena
Congress of Vienna
A series of meetings called to setup plicies that would achieve goals of collective security and stability for the entire continent
Austria's foreign representative in the Congress of Vienna
Balance of Power
Metternich's 2nd goal, wanted to make it so that no country would be a threat to others.
Legitimacy of rule
A principle agreeing that as many as possible of the rulers whom Napoleon had driven from their thrones return to power
Concert of Europe
A series of alliances devised by Metternich which assured that nations would help one another of any revolutions broke out
Civil law
Strict specific code of laws that are not interpreted by others. (Napoleonic code)
Common Law
Laws of legitmacy like american law, interpreted by judges and are unwritten
Declaration of Pillnitz
committed the Austria and Prussia to restoring the monarchy in France and declared war on the country
The rule replaced by Napoleon's Coup d'etat