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57 Cards in this Set

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Which statement about population growth i the period of 1800-1850 is not true?
The percentage of Americans living in the West grew slowly.
During the years of the Jeffersonian Republicans, the government's land policies:
attempted to aid Americans who wished to become freeholders.
Migration into the Old Northwest was characterized by:
the spreading of many folkways of migrants from the East.
A consistent pattern of movement into the Old Northwest was:
the tendency of northerners and southerners to settle, respectively, in northern and souther sections of the Old Northwest.
Local associations known as claims clubs
enforced extralegal property rights for squatters.
Which product became the Old Northwest's major cash crop for the northern market?
Wheat
Westerners promoted industrialization in the East:
by providing food for the growing workfoce of the East.
Which state was the last one to gain statehood in the Old Northwest?
Wisconsin
What pattern in the location of slavery occurred in the period of 1790-1860?
A large movement of slaver from the South Atlantic to the Old Southwest
Which of the following was NOT a territory in 1850?
Wisconsin
Short-staple cotton became a major profit-maker for all of the following reasons except:
the majority of settlers in the Old Southwest owned large plantations that grew it.
By the 1840s, over half the value of American exports was derived from
Cotton
Keys to the wealth of the Old Southwest included all of the following except:
the growth of nonagricultural pursuits.
The Southwest Ordinance allowed slaver in all territories south of the ________ River.
Ohio
Whites had orginally been reluctant to settle on the wester plains because
they believed the region had little potential for agriculture.
Which two tribes wer defeated by whites in Black Hawk's war?
the Sauks and the Foxes
Before 1850, who was the dominant power on the north and central Great Plains?
the warrior-hunters of the Sioux tribe
What differences in the fighting of war existed between whites and the Plains Indians?
The Plains Indians fought to show honor rather than killin many enemies.
What were the two products traded by branches of the Sioiux tribe at the yearly trade fair?
beacer pelts and buffalo robes
Even under ideal conditions, the journey on the Oregon Trail took about
six months
White settlement in Oregon had all of the following effects on the Cayuses Indians except:
the use of the Cayuses as farm laborers for whites
Overland immigration to the trans-Mississippi West was highest in
1852
Which town was a starting point on the Oregon Trail?
Independence, Missouri
The greatest cause of the 5,000 deaths that occured on the Oregon Trail was
disease
The results of the Fort Laramie Treaty included
only a brief standoff between the Sioux and the US government.
Mestizos were usually a mixture of
Indian and Spanish
In the early part of the nineteenth centure, the largest concentration of Indians in the Southwest region was in
California
In California in the 1760s, full-scale agriculture was practiced only by
the Yumans along the Colorado River.
Which tribe practiced full-scale agriculture in southeaster California?
the Yumans
The Comanches were known for:
being master horsement and among the greatest warriors in the West.
Which statement about Mexico's approach to early American settlers in Texas is not true?
The Mexican government sold land only in small portions to American settlers.
Which practice did settlers bring to Texas that was illegal under Mexican law?
slavery
Tejano was the term for
Spanish-speaking Mexicans born in Texas
What happened immediately after General Santa Anna was elected as president of Mexico?
He overturned the liberal constitution and became a dictator
The Mexican army annihilated defenders at
the Alamo and Goliad
The Battle of San Jacinto
established the independence of Texas
Juan Cortina instigated a rebellion in 1859
because Mexicans in American territory were abused by white Americans
While the Texans were fighting Mexico, they were also fighting
the Comanches
In the 1820s and 1830s, the missions in California
saw much of their land turned into rancheros
The Santa Fe Trail
opened the door to the eventual American takeover of New Mexico.
James K. Polk
Exapansionist president who held office during the Mexican War.
Zachary Taylor
Tensions between the US and Mexico increased when he moved his forces to the banks of the Nueces River
Joseph Smith
Mormon leader who was killed by a mob in Nauvoo, Illinois.
Winfield Scott
Leader of the invasion of central Mexico that led to the taking of Mexico City
Stephen F. Austin
The first American empresario of Texas who inherited a huge amount of land from his father, Moses.
Sam Houston
Leader of Texan forces that surprised General Santa Anna at San Jacinto
After facing great prejudice, the Mormons decided to settle in
Utah
Mormons in Utah came under the control of the United States in
1848
The cornerstone of President Polk's foreign policy was
the acquisition of California
During the Mexican-American War the most adamant expansionists called for American takeover of
Mexico
Manifest Destiny was used to justify
the acquisition of foreign territories in the late 1890s
The appeal of Manifest Destiny peaked in the
1840s
A fungus affecting ________ was the main cause of the Irish famine of the mid-1840s
potatoes
Results of the Mexican War included all of the following except
a 15 million dollar "war guilt" payment made by Mexico to the United States
The actual fighting of the Mexican War began when American forces moved into
the 100 miles between the Nueces and Rio Grande Rivers
Polk's offer to buy California for 30 million dollars
fell apart when Mexico refused to receive Polk's representative
The Americans launched a successful amphibious assault upon
Vera Cruz