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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What did the writings of Marco Polo describe?
the marvels and wealth of the Orient (Far East)
On which Caribbean island did Columbus make his first landing in the New World?
San Salvador
Who were the conquistadors?
military invaders from Spain
What was the first permanent European settlement in the United States?
St. Augustine
What permanent French settlement in Canada was established by Samuel de Champlain?
Quebec
Which of the following translated the Bible into English?
John Wycliffe
Where did English businessmen obtain money to establish a settlement?
joint-stock companies
Who saved Jamestown from the failure of the common-store system?
John Smith
Which crop became very important to the economic development of Jamestown?
tobacco
What representative assembly acted as an advisory body to the governor of the Virginia colony?
House of Burgesses
Which of the following was NOT a reason for the Scrooby congregation to leave Leyden, Holland?
The Dutch were jealous of their diligence and prosperity.
What English-speaking Indian lived in Plymouth, acted as a guide and interpreter, and taught the Pilgrims how to hunt and fish?
Squanto
What was the first institution of higher learning in America?
Harvard College
What was accomplished by the Ole' Deluder Satan Act of 1647?
All towns of at least 50 families were required to hire a teacher so children could learn to read and write.
Who was the "Apostle to the Indians"?
John Eliot
What precedent did the New England Confederation set for the colonies?
voluntary union of the colonies
What was a proprietary colony?
a colony controlled by a nobleman
What act granted freedom of worship to all professing Christians living in the Maryland colony?
Toleration Act
Vasco de Balboa
discovered the Pacific Ocean
Hernando Cortes
conquered the Aztecs
Ponce de Leon
searched for the fountain of youth
Hernando de Soto
discovered the Mississippi River
Amerigo Vespucci
identified the lands which Columbus had discovered as a "New World"
True/False:

Men like Francis Drake helped the DUTCH defeat the Spanish.
False

Helped the ENGLISH
True/False:

Puritans hoped to "purify" the CHURCH OF ENGLAND.
True
True/False:

SAVANNAH was known as the "city of brotherly love."
False

PHILADELPHIA
True/False:

Thomas Hooker founded the settlement of HARTFORD.
True
True/False:

The first Baptist church in America was founded in RHODE ISLAND.
True
True/False:

New Netherland is now known as NEW JERSEY.
False

NEW YORK
True/False:

The members of the Society of Friends were commonly called QUAKERS.
True
The "Great Migration" brought thousands of CATHOLICS TO New England.
False

PURITANS
Delaware
the governor of Pennsylvania also controlled this colony
Georgia
intended as a settlement for debtor prisoners
Jamestown
the first permanent English settlement in the New World
Maryland
founded by Lord Baltimore as a haven for English Catholics
Massachusetts Bay
John Winthrop was the first governor of this colony
Plymouth
colony made of Separatists and "Strangers"
Roanoke
established by Sir Walter Raleigh
Who posted the Ninety-five Theses, sparking the Protestant Reformation?
Martin Luther
What type of building did the Swedes introduce to the New World?
log cabin
What was the name of the ship which carried the Pilgrims to the New World?
Mayflower
Who wrote "History of Plymouth Plantation"?
William Bradford
Who founded the colony of Rhode Island?
Roger Williams