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43 Cards in this Set

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Edict of Nantes
issued by Henry IV-1598
revoked by Louis XIV-1685
restores peace in France:gave protestants rights in Catholic France
absolutism
Montesquieu
Charles de Secondat
nobleman
believed socities evolved
"spirit of law"-separation of powers
believed in monarchy with stong nobility
the enlightenment
Johannes Kepler
eliptical motions
law of planetary movement
observations
the new science
John Locke
TABULA RASA-blank slate
state of contract-life, liberty, property
"on human understanding"
the enlightenment
Galileo
"turns spyglass heavenward"
"the starry messenger"-1610
discovered:
-mountains and craters on the moon
-moons of jupiter
conflicts with church
1633-condemed for heresy
the new science
Peter the Great
Russia
Romanov
absolutism:dominate power
st.petersburg (1703)
Northern war (1700-1721-sweden)
absolutism
Zhenghe
emperor of Ming China
1433-end of exploration
huge fleet for exploration
technologically advanced
civilizations in contact
Mehmet II
siege of constantinople in 1453
Muslim, sultan of ottoman empire
civilizations in contact
Glorious Revolution
1689
"bloodless invasion"
William of Orange over threw James II of England
17th century europe
Isaac Newton
Universal Laws
Law of gravity
"principia"-1686
the new science
Alexander Hamilton
sides with Hobbes: state of nature (brutality, chaos)
fears human corruption
protect society with Gov.
the american revolution
Voltaire
Frances Marie Aroute
prolific writer (enlightenment, philosoph)
"candide"
absolutism
the enlightenment
Elizabeth I
"virgin queen"
2nd act of supremecy-1559 (making church protestant-england)
spanish armada (1588)
constitutionalism
Louis XIV
inherited thrown at 5
anne of austria and cardinal mazarin-advisors
fled during civil war "the fronde"
learned to tame nobles, builds versailles
revokes edict of nantes-1685
"the sun king"
"l'etat, c'est moi"
absolutism
Thomas Paine
radical
"common sense"-1775
sons of liberty
contiental congress
the american revolution
Thomas Hobbes
"the Leviathan"-1651
human nature is evil
all powerful king
the enlightenment
Tready of Westphalia
1648
End of thirty year war (1618-1648)
absolutism
Thomas Jefferson
sided with Locke:life, liberty, property
fears the corruption of power
protect citizens from Gov.
the american revolution
Cardinal Richelieu
advisor to Louis XIII
protestant rebellion
to stengthen French monarchy
raison d' etat
absolutism
Nicolaus Copernicus
heliocentric theory
"on the revolutions of the Heavenly spheres"-1543
the new science
Erasmus
Christian Humanist
used philosophy writings to prove christianity
"the philosophy of christ"
avoided division from catholic church
europes religious reformation
Rousseau
swiss
"the social contract"
egalitarian republic
general will
the enlightenement
John Calvin
follower of Luther
calvinism
geniva
institutes of christian religion
europes religious reformation
Joint stock company
people invest in companies
capitol grows
available through innovation
stock holders share in profits
charter
atlantic world
Ignatius of Loyola
led catholic reformation against protestants
Society of jesus-jesuits
europes religious reformation
Abbe Sieyes
3rd estate clergyman
says 3rd estate is everything (most people) and nothing (has no power)
the french revolution
Stamp Act
1765
tax on paper (must have british stamp)
the american revolution
Seven Year War
French-Indian war
colonial wars
(1756-1763)
the american revolution
triangular trade
Africa (slaves), America (raw materials), and Europe (manufactured goods)
atlantic world
Montezuma
Aztec leader
fought cortez
1519
lost due to disease
the atlantic world
Martin Luther
leader of reformation
october 31, 1517 Wittenburg, Germany
95 theses
debated eck
europes religious reformation
Oliver Cromwell
civil war
puritan leader
no king-stepped up to be Lord Protector
interregnum: between kings
new model army
constitutionalism
versailles
made by Louis XIV
built to impress and tame nobles
absolutism
Vasco De Gama
from portugal
made it to india
1498
civilizations in contact
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Haiti-French colony
1791-slave revolt
saves haiti from british and spanish invasion
the french revolution
Bastille
july 14, 1789
prison in paris that was raided
"popular revolution"
the french revolution
tennis court oath
june 20, 1789
national assembly
will not stop meeting unitil a constitution is written
the french revolution
Fredrick the Great
prussia
"first servant of the state"
friend of voltaire
simplify law codes
limitations in land reforms
the enlightenment
Continental System
Napoleon's attempted to cut off all british goods transported into europe by blocking all the coasts
Restoration and Ideology
Clemens Von Metternich
Austria politician
principal negotiator in The vienna congress
Restoration and Ideology
Congress of Vienna
1814-1815
Austria
"fixing" europe after napoleon
by great powers
-austria
-prussia
-russia
-england
+france when prussia and russia begin to fight
Restoration and Ideology
Concordat
1801
napoleon's agreement with the church
-church land wont be returned
-state pays clergy salary
Restoration and Ideology
Code Napoleon
1804
-sefdom abolished
-equal before law
-modern property laws
Restoration and Ideology